Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) published a large information file on the coronavirus on its website. http://www.ibb.istanbul Visitors to the address will have detailed information about the disease thanks to the popup.
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality has published a large information file on the website about coronavirus, which has become a common problem by covering the whole world. Starting today http://www.ibb.istanbul Visitors to the website will have a comprehensive knowledge of the disease by clicking on the window that opens. The informative text made on the site is as follows:
NEW CORONAVIRUS 2019 - nCoV DISEASE
WHAT IS CORONAVIRUS?
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause a variety of diseases, from simple colds to more serious diseases such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
WHAT IS COVID-19?
COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the last coronavirus discovered. This new virus and epidemic was unknown before it appeared in Wuhan (China) in December 2019.
- On December 31, 2019, WHO China Country Office reported pneumonia cases of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China, Hubei province.
- On January 7, 2020, the agent was identified as a new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) that has not previously been detected in humans.
- It was found that it can be found in humans, bats, pigs, cats, dogs, rodents and poultry (domestic and wild animals).
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF COVID-19?
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, malaise and dry cough. Some patients also experience pain, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and occur gradually.
Some people have no symptoms even though they are infected and feel good. Most patients (about 80%) recover without the need for any special treatment. About one in six people with the disease have more severe symptoms, including dyspnea.
The elderly and those with other health problems (Hypertension, heart problems or diabetes) are more likely to have serious symptoms. About 2% of sick people have been lost.
Common symptoms of infection; respiratory symptoms are fever, cough, and dyspnea. In more serious cases, pneumonia (pneumonia), severe acute respiratory infection, kidney failure, and even death may develop.
HOW DOES COVID-19 SPREAD?
It is transmitted through people with the COVID-19 virus. The disease can be transmitted from person to person through respiratory droplets (particles) that are thrown through the nose or mouth when a person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can be found on objects or surfaces around that person. If you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth after touching these objects or surfaces, you can get infected with COVID-19. COVID-19 can also be transmitted by inhaling droplets from a sick person who coughs or sneezes. That is why it is important to stay away from a sick person from a meter.
The World Health Organization is reviewing ongoing research on how COVID-19 is spreading and will continue to report updated results.
CAN VIRUS RESPONSIBLE FROM COVID-19 BY AIR?
Studies conducted to date suggest that the virus responsible for COVID-19 can be transmitted by contact with respiratory droplets rather than air.
CAN YOU GET COVID-19 FROM A PERSON WITHOUT SYMPTOMS?
The disease is spread by respiratory droplets, which are mainly excreted by coughing people. The risk of getting infected with COVID-19 from a person without symptoms is very low. However, many people only have mild symptoms. This is especially true in the early stages of the disease. Therefore, it is possible to become infected with COVID-19, for example, only in contact with a person who has a mild cough, but does not feel sick. WHO is reviewing ongoing research on the timely isolation of those facing Covid-19 and will continue to report updated results.
COVID-19 IS SPREADED BY STOOL?
The risk of contaminating an infected person's feces with COVID-19 appears to be low. Early research shows that the virus may be present in feces in some cases, but the outbreak does not spread mainly this way. WHO is reviewing ongoing research on how COVID-19 is spreading and will continue to convey new results. However, since the risk is present, it is an additional measure to wash your hands regularly after using the toilet and before eating.
HOW CAN I PROTECT MYself AND HOW DO I PREVENT THE DISEASE?
Protective measures for everyone: Follow the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available from the WHO website and the Ministry of Health announcements. COVID-19 still affects many people in China, and outbreaks are also spreading in other countries. Most infected people have mild symptoms and get better, but others may have a more severe form of the disease. Take care of your health and protect others by following the tips below:
- Wash your hands frequently and with a hydroalcoholic solution or soap and water. Because; Washing your hands with a hydroalcoholic solution or soap and water will kill the virus if you have it.
- Keep at least one meter away from other people who cough or sneeze. Because; When a person coughs or sneezes, they emit small droplets that can contain the virus. If you are very close, you can breathe these droplets and therefore the virus responsible for COVID-19 if the cough is a carrier.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. Because; Hands are in contact with many surfaces that can be contaminated with the virus. If you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, the virus can enter your body and get sick.
- If you feel unwell, stay home. Consult a doctor in case of fever, cough and shortness of breath. Follow the instructions of the Ministry of Health. Because; The Ministry of Health has the latest information about the situation in the world and your region. Your family doctor can quickly refer you to the most appropriate healthcare facility. In addition, it will protect you and prevent the spread of viruses and other infectious agents.
- Follow your doctor, national and local authorities, or advice on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. Because; The latest information on the spread of COVID-19 in your area is available to national and local authorities. The most valid recommendations on protection can also be voiced by them. Keep up with the latest developments on COVID-19.
- In the case of coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with the inside of the elbow or a handkerchief and immediately throw away the handkerchief. Because; Respiratory drops emit viruses. By following the rules of respiratory hygiene, you protect people around you from viruses such as colds, flu or COVID-19. Make sure you follow the rules of respiratory hygiene and the people around you do the same.
Preventive measures for people who have visited the areas where COVID-19 has spread (in the past 14 days):
- Follow the advice presented above. (Protective measures for everyone)
- If you start to feel sick, even if you have mild symptoms like headaches and a runny nose, don't leave the house until you recover. Because; Avoiding contact with other people and not going to health facilities outside of necessity will enable these facilities to work more efficiently, protecting you and other people from other viral diseases with COVID-19.
- Seek medical attention immediately in the event of fever, cough and shortness of breath, as it may be a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call your doctor and report if you have recently traveled or contacted travelers. Because; If you call, your doctor can quickly refer you to the most appropriate healthcare facility. It will also protect you and prevent the spread of COVID-19 and other viral diseases.
WHAT IS THE POSSIBILITY TO TAKE COVID-19?
The risk depends on where you live or have recently traveled. It is higher in regions diagnosed with COVID-19 in more than one person. Currently, 19% of COVID-95 cases occur in China, the majority in Hubei province. In many other parts of the world, the risk of taking COVID-19 is currently low, but you should definitely follow the situation and preparatory efforts in your area.
WHO works with health officials in China and around the world to monitor and respond to COVID-19 outbreaks.
Should COVID-19 worry me?
If you are not in a region where COVID-19 has spread, you have not returned from one of these areas, or are not in close contact with someone who is sick, the risk of getting ill is currently low. However, it can be met with an understanding that you may be stressed or anxious about this condition. Therefore, you should rely on up-to-date information and data to identify the exact risks you face to take reasonable precautions. Your family doctor and MoH officials can give you accurate information about COVID-19 and its presence in your area.
If you are in an area with the COVID-19 outbreak, you should take the risk of infection seriously. Follow the recommendations of the national and local health authorities. While COVID-19 causes only mild symptoms in most people, some people may be severely affected. More rarely, the disease can be fatal. The elderly and those who already have other health problems (eg high blood pressure, heart problems, or diabetes) seem to be more susceptible to the disease. (If you have visited the areas where COVID-19 has spread (within the last 14 days) or if you are with people who have visited, see Preventive Measures.)
WHO IS AT THE RISK OF DEVELOPING A SERIOUS FORM OF THE DISEASE?
Although we still need to deepen our knowledge of how COVID-12 affects individuals, so far, the elderly and people who already suffer from other diseases (such as high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease) seem to be more frequently affected than others.
IS ANTIBIOTICS EFFECTIVE IN THE PREVENTION OR TREATMENT OF COVID-19?
No, antibiotics are only effective against bacterial infections, not viruses. Antibiotics are ineffective because a virus is caused by COVID-19. Antibiotics should not be used to prevent or treat COVID-19.
IS THERE AN EFFECTIVE VACCINE, DRUG OR TREATMENT FOR COVID-19?
Not yet. To date, there are no vaccines or specific antiviral drugs to prevent or treat COVID-19. However, affected people should take care to alleviate the symptoms. People who are seriously ill should be hospitalized. Most patients recover with supportive care. Possible vaccines and some specific treatments are being researched and tested in clinical trials. WHO coordinates vaccine and drug development efforts to prevent and treat COVID-19.
IS COVID-19 THE SAME DISEASE WITH SARS?
No, the virus responsible for COVID-19 and the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) are genetically related, but different. SARS is more lethal than COVID-19 but much less contagious. No cases of SARS have been seen worldwide since 2003.
Do I need to wear a mask to protect myself?
People without respiratory symptoms such as cough do not need to wear a medical mask. WHO recommends wearing a mask for patients with and without symptoms (cough and fever) with COVID-19 symptoms. Wearing a mask is essential for healthcare professionals and patient-caregivers (at home or in the care facility).
WHO recommends the rational use of medical masks to avoid wasting valuable resources and the risk of abuse of masks. The mask is recommended only if you have respiratory symptoms such as coughing or sneezing, if mild symptoms of COVID-19 are suspected, or if you are looking for someone suspected of COVID-19. COVID-19 should be considered in people who have traveled to or traveled to a region where cases have been reported, and who have been in close contact with someone who has become ill.
The best way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19 is to wash your hands frequently, close your mouth with a handkerchief or a handkerchief while coughing or sneezing, standing at least 1 meter away from anyone who coughs or sneezes.
HOW TO INSTALL, USE, REMOVE AND DISCARD THE MASK?
1. Remember, only healthcare professionals, carers, and people with respiratory symptoms (fever and cough) should wear a mask.
2. Before wearing a mask, wash your hands with a hydroalcoholic solution or soap and water.
3. Check that the mask is not torn or pierced.
4. Guide the mask in the correct direction (metal strip up).
5. Check that the colored face of the mask is placed outward.
6. Place the mask on your face. Tighten the metal strip or the hard edge of the mask to fit the nose shape.
7. Pull the bottom of the mask to cover the mouth and chin.
8. Remove the mask after use, remove the rubber bands from behind the ears while carrying the mask away from your face and clothing to avoid touching any part of the mask that may be contaminated.
9. Put the mask in a closed waste bin immediately after use.
10. After touching or disposing of the mask, wash your hands with a hydroalcoholic solution or, if visibly soiled, with soap and water.
HOW LONG IS THE COVID-19 INGULATION TIME?
The incubation period is the time between infection and the onset of symptoms of the disease. It is currently estimated that the incubation period of COVID-19 is between 1 and 14 days, and often takes about five days. These estimates will be updated as new data becomes available.
CAN PEOPLE TAKE COVID-19 FROM AN ANIMAL SOURCE?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses commonly found in bats and other animals. In rare cases, these viruses infect humans, which can spread the infection. Therefore, SARS-CoV is associated with civilizations, while MERS-CoV is transmitted by single humps. The possible animal resources of COVID-19 have not been confirmed yet.
To protect yourself, for example, when you go to live animal markets, you should avoid direct contact with animals and animal contact surfaces and always follow food safety rules. Raw meat, milk and organ meats should be used with care to avoid contaminating food that is not intended to be cooked, and consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided.
Can my pet animal transmit Covid-19?
No, there is no evidence that pets or other animals such as dogs or cats can become infected or spread with the virus responsible for COVID-19.
HOW LONG CAN I STAY IN VIRUS SURFACES?
It is unclear how long the virus responsible for COVID-19 survives on the surfaces, but it behaves like other coronaviruses. Studies (and preliminary information about COVID-19) show that coronaviruses can survive for several hours to several days on surfaces. This may depend on different parameters (eg surface type, temperature or ambient humidity).
If you suspect that a surface may be infected, clean it with a regular disinfectant to kill the virus and protect yourself and others. Wash your hands with a hydroalcoholic solution or soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.
IS IT SAFE TO PACK FROM A FIELD THAT COVID-19 IS REPORTED?
No. There is a slight risk of an infected person contaminating the goods and the risk of COVID-19 coming into contact with a package that has been transported, traveled and exposed to different conditions and temperatures.
THERE ARE THINGS YOU SHOULD NOT DO?
The following measures are NOT required, are ineffective against COVID-19, and may even be dangerous:
- Traditional herbal remedies
- Wearing multiple masks at the same time
- Using antibiotics for self-medication
In any case, to limit the risk of worsening of the infection in case of fever, cough and shortness of breath, consult a doctor without delay and tell if you have recently made any trips.
BASIC PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST NEW CORONAVIRUS
WASH YOUR HANDS FREQUENTLY
Clean your hands regularly by rubbing them with an alcohol-based disinfectant or wash them with soap and water. Because; Washing your hands with soap and water or rubbing them with alcohol-based disinfectant kills viruses that may have settled in your hands.
PROTECT SOCIAL DISTANCE
Keep at least 1 meter distance from anyone who coughs or sneezes. Because; When someone coughs or sneezes, it sprays small drops of liquid that may contain viruses from its nose or mouth. If you are very close, if the coughing person also has illness, you can inhale the droplets, including the COVID 19 virus.
AVOID TOUCHING EYE, NOSE AND MOUTH
Because; Hands touch many surfaces and may be infected. Then, your hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose, or mouth. From there, the virus can spread throughout your body and make you sick.
APPLY RESPIRATORY HYGIENE
Make sure you and the people around you practice good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with the elbow or handkerchief you bend when you cough or sneeze. Then immediately discard the used tissue. Because; Droplets emit viruses. By applying good respiratory hygiene, you protect people around you from viruses such as colds, flu and COVID-19.
IF YOU HAVE DIFFICULTY IN FIRING, COUGHING AND BREATHING, GET MEDICAL HELP EARLY
If you feel unwell, stay at home. If you have a fever, cough, and trouble breathing, seek medical advice and call your doctor before going. Follow the instructions of the Ministry of Health. Because; National and local authorities will have the most up-to-date information about the situation in your area. Calling ahead will ensure that your healthcare provider will quickly guide you to the right healthcare provider. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.
BE NEWS AND FOLLOW THE RECOMMENDATIONS GIVEN BY YOUR HEALTHCARE
Be aware of the latest developments on COVID-19. Follow the advice given by your healthcare provider or national and local public health authority on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. Because; National and local authorities will have the most up-to-date information on whether COVID-19 has spread to your region. They are best placed to give advice on what people in your area should do to protect themselves.
PROTECTION MEASURES FOR PERSONS VISITED BY COVID-19 IN THE LAST 14 DAYS OR LONGER TIME
Follow the directions mentioned above. (Protective measures for everyone) If you start to heal, stay at home until you fully recover, even with mild symptoms like headaches and mild runny nose. Because avoiding contact with others and not resorting to medical facilities will help these facilities work more effectively, as well as protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
If you have a fever, cough, and trouble breathing, seek medical attention immediately, as this can be caused by a lower respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call your travel agent and ask them to contact the passengers. Call before going to your doctor, calling in advance will quickly lead you to the right healthcare provider. This will also help prevent the possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.
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