Turkish Minister of Transport and Infrastructure Minister Cahit Turhan made statements regarding the Channel Istanbul Project. Turhan clarified why Istanbul is needed, said that the Bosphorus is a waterway used for international maritime transport and that it is exposed to heavy traffic.
Turhan, this waterway horizontally used by citizens sitting on both sides of Istanbul in the morning and evening hours are very busy, where 57 piers on both sides of the Bosphorus is used for sea transport reported.
Turhan, which draws attention to the importance of Istanbul in terms of tourism, expressed that the sea traffic for the Bosphorus tour made for domestic and foreign tourists coming to the city is intense.
Turhan said, “In such an environment, the fact that the Bosphorus is one of the most risky crossing routes for maritime traffic with increasing commercial transportation threatens the lives of people living in the Bosphorus. That's our first reason. So the lives of people living in and around the Bosphorus are at risk. The second is the historical monuments on the shores of the Bosphorus that make Istanbul Istanbul. These works belong to humanity. Istanbul has been the cradle of many civilizations, all of which have traces and works. Our nation has historical values up to 800 years. We want to protect and keep them all. We see these works as the heritage of the past humanity as the trust of the future generations, we need to protect and protect them. We need to reduce the risks that threaten them. We can not close this waterway, but we put the rules that users must follow, we determine the conditions. ”
“Number of passing ships decreased, load amount increased”
Turhan, those who do not have information about the Bosphorus traffic, "the channel does not need to be done when there is already a free passage waterway why use the new channel," recalling criticism in the direction, shared data on the Bosphorus traffic.
Stating that the average number of vessels crossing the Bosphorus in the last 15 years is 48 thousand 296 annually, Turhan said:
“This figure has increased from time to time over 50 thousand. The average of the last 5 years is 42 thousand 258. The figures have fallen and gradually falling. 'Those who say these figures with an understanding like' Throat is not used 'are using this to strengthen their own theses, but the facts are not. The average of the last 3 years, 41 thousand 731, but the average of 2005, 2006 and 2007 55 thousand 426. Very high figure. The average of the last three years was 41 thousand and in 2019 there were 41 thousand 112 transitions. These figures use the Bosphorus Strait, transit traffic in the sea, not urban traffic. It is also increasing day by day. We see a 15 percent decrease in ship transit figures in the last 25 years. In other words, it has fallen from 48 thousand 296 to 41 thousand, but there is a 53 percent increase in the amount of cargo carried by these ships. Here's what scares us the most, frightening the amount of passing cargo and the amount of dangerous goods in the passing load. LNG carries natural gas, chemicals, petroleum and explosives. The amount of dangerous goods that was 10 percent of the last 25 years ago, now it is over 35 percent. There is an 11 percent increase in the amount of hazardous materials, and this is increasing. ”
Turhan, a ship carrying dangerous goods on the Bosphorus in the past reminded of the accident, the accident at the point of departure of the Bosphorus, the event provides only to survive with material damage, he said. If this ship is within 1 kilometer of the Bosphorus, it will be damaged in all the houses around Karaköy, Moda, Sirkeci and Beşiktaş and a fatal accident may occur. Han There is another risk, on the southern side of the Bosphorus, namely the Sea of Marmara. near the risk of Bosphorus traffic nearby. This is said by the captains who use ships crossing the Bosphorus, the most risky place in the bends between Sarıyer and the Sea of Marmara, in our words, in sharp bends. These sharp bends in the past 50-100-150 meters of vehicles passing maneuvering comfort, while now 200-250-300 meters of heavy load vehicles are forced to perform these maneuvers.
Iz Our goal is not to make money, but to ensure the security of the Bosphorus İstanbul
Specifically, in recent years, the Bosphorus Strait of vehicles using a number of restrictions on the passage of the Turhan, risky size of cargo or ships when the traffic and weather conditions allow the passage of the appropriate time, he added. Han Our aim here is not to do 'crazy dumb accounting'. We don't mean $ 1 if you go through my bridge and $ 2 if you don't. Our goal in Kanal Istanbul Project is to provide safe and secure sea traffic in our country and to protect people and values. Our goal is not to make money from this traffic, turn it to income, not to profit, but to reduce the increasing risks by ensuring the security of the Bosphorus. ”
Turhan informed that a Dutch company specialized in international maritime sector had prepared a report on the increase in Bosphorus traffic in the upcoming period.
Turhan also reminded that Istanbul Airport was built on the grounds that Atatürk Airport did not meet the needs and said:
“We were saying no to the countries that requested a flight permit to Istanbul Airport. They also said no to some of our demands based on reciprocity. It was our loss. For example, we were saying no to China. China wanted to fly to Istanbul Airport, a fast developing country in recent years. Our country is located in the heart of Africa, Asia and Europe continents. We want to turn our geographical advantages into economic size and income for our country. We want to make our country a logistic base, to be used as a bridge, an intersection in international trade. ”
International 7 5 highway and railway through Turkey Turhan states that, in case of raising the standard of the road transportation which revenue and trade with countries with which stated that reflected positively on diplomatic relations. Turhan said, “For example, if I forbade the transit routes of the Central Asian countries to trade in Europe and Africa, and put a quota on them, we would be at the expense of them. We also want to sell goods to Central Asia. Our trade is moving towards Central Asia, South Asia. We do this with mutual understanding of win-win and protection of interests. Kanal Istanbul is very important in this sense..
Im Our goal is to create a new waterway capacity ”
Turhan, in the absence of sufficient capacity in transportation, noting that there are significant losses in trade, said:
“We don't keep anyone waiting in vain. We pass 25 thousand by shortening the follow-up distance from a waterway with a capacity of 41 thousand years. We were doing this at Atatürk Airport. We were increasing the landing-take-off capacity from 1200 to 1400s and 1500s by using the boundaries between airplanes and cruise take-off and landing. Why did we build the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge? From the Bosphorus to our transporters and from the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, South Asia and Europe to and from the morning 06.00 to 10.00, 16.00 to 22.00 in the evening 'Stop brother can not pass' we say. The men were persecuted and lost income. ”
Minister Turhan said, “Our aim here is to create a new waterway capacity where people using this corridor and this water path can pass safely and safely. The transition capacity of the new channel will be 2,5 times above the Bosphorus and 3 times closer. ”
“Channel Istanbul will be safer for sea traffic than the Bosphorus”
Stating that the geometric conditions of Canal Istanbul are of a higher standard than the Bosphorus, Turhan said, 13 There are XNUMX natural curves in the Bosphorus. If we try to cut Aşiyan and Kanlıca to straighten the curves here, the natural beauty of the Bosphorus will go. ”
Turhan pointed out that the channel will not have sharp bends in Istanbul, the lighting of the passageway around the place will be made more secure, he said.
Turhan emphasized that the channel will have less risk in maritime traffic and said:
“We will also provide tug service during the passes. We will put a requirement to use this service. Kanal İstanbul is not included in the Montreux Straits Convention. This is the way we do it. We will be able to pass 185 ships a day safely from the motorway standard Kanal Istanbul. Currently we can pass 118-125 ships across the Bosphorus. From time to time we interrupt our city traffic. The passageway standard in the Bosphorus is like the old road, and the standard of the new channel we will build is like the highway. We will have the opportunity to drive fast, safe and much more. ”
Channel will be systems that communicate with ships in Istanbul
Turhan, the channel around the sea traffic control, constantly communicating with ships, giving information that the system will be made here in the fog of the channel will increase the lighting capacity and high-standard marine transport service will be expressed.
Turhan emphasized that people prefer toll and safer instead of risky roads and said, “Do we force people going from Istanbul to Ankara on toll roads? No, but people use the toll road, and even the first one is not enough, the second one is the North Marmara Motorway. Here, people will prefer the safer route rather than the risky road. M
Turhan, marine accidents caused by damages caused by environmental damages recalled. Pointing out the importance of the channel, Turhan said, oturup Sitting and praying is not enough to protect the people of Istanbul and everyone who lives in Istanbul. The requirement of this measure is the commissioning of Channel Istanbul. Land
On the question regarding the fee of Kanal Istanbul, Turhan stated that people who will benefit from this service will be charged reasonably.
“A matter of reputation more important than income”
Turhan, a daily rental of boats vary between 50 thousand dollars and 120 thousand dollars, stating, according to the size and characteristics of vehicles waiting time has changed.
Stressing that the feasibility study of the project was made and it was decided to invest according to the result, Turhan said:
Göre According to our calculations, the money we will receive from ships that will pass through Kanal Istanbul is at least 1 billion dollars per year. The number of vehicles passing through the channel in 2035 will reach 50 thousand. In 2050, this figure will rise to 70 thousand and in the 2070s it will be over 80 thousand. 86 thousand in the report given to us, in 2050, 78 thousand. When 68 thousand ships pass through the channel with a capacity of 50 thousand, we will have an annual income of 5 billion dollars and we will reach these figures in the future. Our children will see them. If we think that we are approaching these figures, when we build this channel, we will meet the demand up to 2070-2080s and the needs of the sea trade used in freight transportation of the world trade in this region which will gradually increase. This is a much more important reputation issue for our country than income. ”
Kanal Istanbul Project works go back to the past
During the period when President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan became the mayor of Istanbul, he solved all the problems of the people of Istanbul, suffered from their problems but suffered the traffic risks in the Bosphorus which was not within his powers and responsibilities at that time and imagined the extent to which Istanbul was under threat. "My dream and crazy project," he told them about the channel in Istanbul, Turhan said in 2008, the Minister of Transport Binali Yildirim, Recep Tayyip Erdogan reminded that Prime Minister.
Turhan stated that they had been instructed to investigate the route studies for an alternative maritime crossing from Erdoğan to the Bosphorus, while they were conducting the surveys of the Northern Marmara Motorway as top secret while the General Manager of Highways. The project's chief engineer Metin Küçükoğlu'na told that they gave this task to carry out.
Alternative corridors of Canal Istanbul
Turhan emphasized that three dimensional maps and 3 corridors were determined for the project. He said that these works were transmitted to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan through Binali Yıldırım.
Turhan, long before 2011 in the west of Istanbul Strait of Istanbul's traffic, the safest, most comfortable and shortest distance to pass through the corridors identified the attention, said:
“Our first corridor is the Silivri-Karacaköy Corridor. First of all, we wanted to get away from Istanbul and get closer to Çanakkale, which is the exit point because the sea traffic passes through the Dardanelles. Users said they prefer this place themselves. Here, the topography of the land provided the opportunity to make such a route. Second corridor, Silivri-Durusu line. Our third corridor is the Büyükçekmece-Durusu line. Our fourth corridor is the Küçükçekmece-Durusu line. The fifth corridor is the Küçükçekmece-Ağaçlı line. The first 64-kilometer corridor led to the Strandja waters and 50 percent of the Büyükçekmece lake basin in terms of the interaction of the water resources of Istanbul and its surrounding areas. The second corridor cut 44 percent of Lake Büyükçekmece's water, although the construction cost was low. The third corridor destroyed the entire Büyükçekmece Lake. 70 kilometers and the construction cost was very low. Küçükçekmece-Ağaçlı line with the shortest distance 44 kilometers. Ağaçlı was also disabling the Pirinçli Village Dam and 36% of the Alibeyköy Dam, which the State Water Works had planned to do. He was taking some of the Sazlıdere Dam and Damascus Dam. We didn't choose this place either. The Küçükçekmece-Durusu line was the least damaging corridor to the forest and water resources. This corridor was identified in the 70s. This route is the result of a decision made with an engineering optimization based on the criteria we have determined compared to other routes with more benefit, less environmental damage and lowest construction cost. When Recep Tayyip Erdoğan presented these works, he said, 'Let's do this.' ”
“Kanal Istanbul will contribute to urban transformation”
Turhan, the decision of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization after the decision was given information, he said.
At that time, the location of the new airport is certain, due to the earthquake risk in Istanbul in this region of 150 million square meters of a building reserve area has been identified reminding Turhan, along with this channel will eliminate the problem of maritime traffic, he added.
Turhan, earthquake risk and under the conditions of the current zoning conditions for those who do not want to leave the house as an attractive area where they said they offer a place.
Turhan emphasized that they want to crown Istanbul with a smart and green new city that will increase the brand value of Istanbul with the urban transformation project and Kanal İstanbul Project. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan instructed Erdoğan Bayraktar, then Minister of Environment and Urbanization, for this purpose.
Turhan, the channel starting from Lake Kucukcekmece Altinsehir Sazlibosna Village, Baklali and Durusu'dan then reached the Black Sea gave information.
In this region, all the buildings in Şahintepe neighborhood are risky against earthquakes, Turhan pointed out that the buildings were built in areas without land and the citizens lived here for 30-40 years.
Turhan stated that these areas around the canal should be rehabilitated and said:
Ümle We will give our citizens the rights with the urban transformation, we will give the money to those who want, and those who want to build from the places we will make in this region. We will present the preferences to them. This project will also contribute to urban transformation. ”
Turhan shared the knowledge that a large logistics port will be built at the exit of the Black Sea and that 85 percent of the excavation will be used in the filling.
Han We will use the excavation to be extracted from the channel as a fill in the cliffs between Durusu Lake and the Black Sea. Formed area will make the promenade. ”
Turhan voiced that the sea life will start in Küçükçekmece Lake when the channel is opened and said that marinas and marine structures will be built here.
Turhan said that the modeling of the channel in the laboratory environment was done, "the break-breaks in the mouths of the channel's input-output against the maximum wave loads that the sea could create was tested against the earthquake."
Speaking about the similarities of the project in the world, Turhan said that the related team was researching the subjects such as construction techniques, operation and maritime transportation service.
“No criticism of technical issues“
Turhan emphasized that they consider all criticisms made to contribute to the project useful and said:
Ik We didn't get any criticism about technical issues. Istanbul Metropolitan Mayor, against the construction of the channel from time to time '20 meters 75 centimeters is not enough 'as a phrase used. He made a technical criticism, 'Excavations in the channel trigger other faults in Istanbul.' says. When we dimensioned here, we examined the social life of seismology, geotechnics, soil mechanics, hydrogeology, and the biology of the canal that would affect the channel, and if any, the impact on the production companies in the country. ”
Turhan pointed out that 60% of Sazlıdere Dam will be disabled with the construction of the canal, and in this way, Hamzalı, Pirinççi and Karacaköy dams will be constructed in the immediate vicinity of the city in order to meet the 2,5% water need of Istanbul. He said he could afford more.
“We have answers to every question of Ekrem İmamoğlu”
Turhan stated that Ekrem İmamoğlu, the Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, did not make any application to the Ministry for information on Kanal Istanbul and said: cevap We do not need to answer this question because we know that we will not be convinced. Our account to our nation, we are aware of this because we believe that our business is in the interest of the country. ”
Turhan explained that they have reported the transportation projects at the national scale to the metropolitan municipality in accordance with the relevant laws.
“But this project is not only the transportation project, but also the urban transformation project, one of the most important problems of Istanbul, has become the project of transforming the structures at risk of earthquake into safe structures. Our Ministry of Environment and Urbanization started the planning works after determining the construction area of the project. Objections to this project are examined and answered. The Ministry of Environment and Urbanization is responsible for these practices. ”
“Responsible public administration would not be like this”
Before commencing the construction of the channel, the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure, the Ministry of Energy, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization and Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality reminiscent of the protocol prepared by Turhan, Ekrem Imamoglu said he withdrew his responsibilities in this protocol.
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality said that the responsibility of the protocol is the construction of transmission lines, transport roads and subway lines, Turhan said, the municipality will benefit from the rent and revenues to be obtained from these places, he said.
Turhan says, am I do not receive income ama but 'I do not do the infrastructure'. Responsible statesman, public institution management does not. We have such a project, '2-3 infrastructure facilities here due to the displacement locked, remained.' can not say. kul
New metro line project
Turhan explained that there are new planned projects in the investment program of the Ministry and gave the following information about these projects:
Uz We are considering a subway line that will cross Istanbul Strait with the road crossing. We have come to the final stage in the project of what we call the Great Istanbul Tunnel. When it comes to national interests, everyone will go to the main stance, will know the place, authority, responsibility, responsibility, will work with the powers received, will serve the nation. I don't think it's right for Istanbul to stop solving its problems and problems and try to provide a premium for itself (Ekrem İmamoğlu) with such works. Işler
Response to earthquake risk reviews
Channel Istanbul, the region is also risky in terms of earthquake response to the criticism of Turhan, technical studies on the subject was done, the earthquake will not affect an excavation, he said.
Turhan said, “When we are left alone with the earthquake, which we call büyük the big Istanbul earthquake“, we will see the urgent needs of people as soon as possible, and we have planned the hospital and food needs of these people and the meeting places. We will not transport people exposed to the earthquake here. We will gather Istanbul residents in designated parking areas and see their human needs. ”
“We determined the construction cost as 15 billion dollars”
Turhan also gave information about the cost of Kanal Istanbul and said, sonra After the design of the channel, we determined the construction cost to be 15 billion dollars. We have determined that this cost is the renovation works of the existing infrastructures before the construction of the channel. $ 10 billion is the channel's own construction cost. In other words, we are talking about a project with a budget of 15 billion dollars, which requires financing. U
Turhan stated that they would make bridges primarily within the scope of construction activities and said that the traffic that will arise from the construction of bridges would be regional and would not affect all of Istanbul.
New Road Work
Turhan pointed out that the areas where the channel construction will take place are mostly rural areas and that local traffic is not dense in these areas and used the following statements:
“We will build a new high-capacity road on the canal from Nakkaş, Hadımköy, Başakşehir and connected to Hasdal. We hope to announce the tender for this road that will connect Haddal, Hadımköy, Başakşehir, Bahçeşehir, Esenyurt to the Northern Marmara Motorway next month. This is going to be highway standard 7 times 2 lane road. ”
Turhan expressed that they will take the TEM Highway up to 64 meters from the zero elevation of the channel and said, ız We will rebuild this place so that the boats can pass. This; Çobançeşme, Safaköy, Avcılar, Beylikdüzü road will also lift up the bridge. Touching the existing traffic for the existing roads, they will serve, we will make variant to it. Their construction methodology was determined in detail and their projects were prepared. During this year, we will start in order of priority and give way to the construction of the channel. Kul
Teknik Technical measures have been taken for underground water movements ”
Turhan, due to the construction of the channel here in the soil and excavation traffic, in its own corridor, pointing to be moved to the north, in this context will not be damaged Lake Terkos said.
Turhan also stated that the necessary technical measures were taken to prevent the underground water movements from being affected by the works and that water leakages would be prevented.
Finishing target in 2026
Speaking about the completion of the project, Turhan said, “If we hit the dig in 2020, we will first start by bridges and roads. Then we will have completed the project in 6 years. So by the end of 2025, we will be finished in 2026. ”
Channel construction to begin the excavation of the bridges in the order of priority from north to south indicating that they would do Turhan, 75 percent of the construction excavations in the north, he said.
Stating that reeds and marshes will be rehabilitated, Turhan said, “We will make these places the living places of Istanbulites. Excavation below the water level is 150 million cubic meters. We were in close contact with Dutch and Belgian teams with expert teams and equipment and experienced in the channel. ”
“Economic terror attacks have reduced entrepreneur's desire and appetite. Now the environment has improved again ”
Turhan pointed out that they expected 20 billion dollars revenue from Kanal Istanbul in 60 years and said, uz We calculate the income low expense more. We told them to those who are willing to do this. ”
Turhan, said they plan to begin the project, but said last year due to economic attacks overseas partner firms that process on hold for Turkey, said:
“Economic terror attacks have reduced entrepreneur's desire and appetite. Now the environment has improved again. We, today's figures of 15 billion dollars of the project, 20-25 percent of the auction today, we bid $ 12 billion. 15 billion investment, 60 billion dollar conversion. The project with an internal profitability rate of 15 percent. There is not much in the way of this project in Turkey. We say that this project has high profitability and internal profitability. Içinde
Minister Turhan, the project will bring tourism revenue to Istanbul, will encourage investment in the region, he added.
“Europeans are interested in the project”
Turhan said that Europeans showed more interest in the project, not only the construction of these countries, but also interested in construction and credit financing, he said.
Stressing that a new living space will be created with the project in question, Turhan said, “This population will come from urban transformation within Istanbul. A smart, green city will be built around the canal. It will be planned according to the principles of contemporary urbanism. I believe that this will be one of the most sought-after attractive areas of Istanbul in the future. ”
Turhan said that about 40 percent of the land around the Canal Istanbul belongs to the public and said:
Le With the project, the current value of the land will probably increase by 10 times. The public will benefit here. Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Arnavutköy Municipality, Küçükçekmece Municipality, Başakşehir Municipality and some amount of Esenyurt Municipality which will benefit the most from the income to be obtained from urban projects around this channel. They do not earn any income from these areas. On behalf of the public, everyone will benefit from this project. All Istanbul residents will benefit from the tourism revenues that this project will bring to Istanbul. Kaynak (Source: UAB)