Speaking at the Channel Istanbul Workshop, Lawyer and Ambassador Att. Rıza Türmen and retired Rear Admiral Türker Ertürk said that the channel to be established would lead to new problems at the international level.
In the session titled ukuki Legal Framework and Security ği directed by Eren Sönmez, 1st Legal Counsel of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality; Galatasaray University Faculty of Law Assoc. Dr. Ceren Zeynep Pirim, Chairman of Istanbul Bar Association Att. Dr. Mehmet Durakoğlu, lawyer and ambassador. Rıza Türmen, Retired Guide Captain Saim Oğuzülgen and Retired Brigadier Türker Ertürk spoke.
CHANNEL ISTANBUL IN TERMS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
The first speaker in the session, Assoc. Dr. Ceren Zeynep Pirim, unlike economic and scientific ways of international law should be examined, he said. In summary, Pirim said:
Mon As a result of the Montreux Convention signed in 1936, our dominance in the Straits is increasing. The agreement puts 6 different elements for ships that will pass through the Bosphorus. Montreux The real significance of warships in peacetime in Turkey stipulates that prior notice should indicate by. This situation increases the security of the neighboring countries on the Black Sea coast. According to the agreement, ships of countries that do not have a Black Sea coast cannot stay in the Black Sea for more than 21 days.
Montreux authorizes the closure of the Straits in time of war. Straits are within the scope of international law remains even in the country and the Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits, Turkey is in favor of a contract. A new adok arrangement will be accepted in case of cancellation of the contract and I present the result to your discretion. If the Montreux Straits Convention expires, the Straits will be examined as two separate waterways and will be excluded from the scope of transit. The cancellation of the Montreux Straits Convention will result in the destruction of the rule of warplanes not passing through the Straits. It is clear that the contract is in our best interest, not to put it at risk. Turkey's agreement to continue without disturbing the status quo needs. "
CHANGE OF CHOICE OF RUSSIA
Assoc. Dr. Ceren Zeynep Pirim'den lawyer and ambassador after the speech. Rıza Türmen said that the initiative to open a channel parallel to the side of the Bosphorus is not unique in the world and that the relevant channel opening attempt should be explained to people. Montreux and Lausanne Treaty are Turkey's founding treaty.
Türmen said the following:
“Turkish Straits, like the Danish Straits, have exceptional features. Cancellation of the contract will eliminate this exception. Looking back, we see Russia's stable position on the Straits. Russia sees the Black Sea as a closed sea. The disappearance of Montreux will lead to a change in Russia's understanding of the Black Sea.
While the Bosphorus ships receive a service fee of US $ 0.90 per tonne, the channel's fee is defined as US $ 5 per tonne. Why should ships prefer a more expensive and slower system when cheaper? The channel will cause Russia to shift its activities from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea due to these costs. After all these situations, I couldn't find out why Kanal Istanbul should be built. ”
THE EFFECT OF THE CHANNEL ON AMERICA AND ENGLAND
Lawyer and ambassador. Riza Türmen'in then speaking retired Rear Admiral Türker Ertürk, stressed that Channel Istanbul is a freak. Channel Istanbul is a ball of problems, noted that retired Rear Admiral Ertürk, said that since 2011, this project has been struggling. Ertürk, said:
“The debate, amendment and even cancellation of the Montreux Straits Convention is in favor of countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom, who want to implement the agreement that allowed transit in 1982. Channel, America is not the only sea in the world can not easily enter the Black Sea, dominates the result of the increase. No matter how wide the channel is, no matter how wide the channel is, it cannot provide as many opportunities as the Bosphorus. Decisions on whether or not to make the channel should be made with the opinion of the institutions owned by the country such as the General Staff. ”
A CRIME AGAINST THE CITY
Chairman of the Board of Istanbul Bar Association Att. Mehmet Durakoğlu said that the best publication of the discussions was to teach the Montreux Straits Convention to the whole nation. Durakoğlu stated that the channel is in the stage of attempting a crime against the city and said, ler Those who run the city oppose the political activities of the power. This situation is of great importance, although it is not seen much. I would like to look at it from the perspective of urban concept in the European Cities Conditions. The Kanal Istanbul project is opposed to previously signed international conventions. Citizens should not forget that people wait in the queues until midnight to appeal the EIA Report. A great lawlessness prevails. I anticipate that the inclusion of the channel in residential areas will increase cases. Our Bar Association will follow this issue ”.
SAFETY OF SHIPS IN THE BOSPHORUS
The last speaker, retired pilot captain Saim Oguzulgen, Lausanne, the contract imposed on us before the 13-year rule in our country said. Oğuzülgen stated that the independence of the seas came with the Montreux Straits Convention and stated that the Straits wanted to be seen internationally by some countries.