The historical German bridge (Varda Bridge), which is known as Köprü Koca Kopru tarafından by the local people in Karaisali district of Adana, has a history dating back to 1900 years. The historical bridge is still in use.
Varda Bridge is a bridge called "Big Bridge" by the local people in the Hacıkırı (Kıralan) neighborhood of Karaisalı district of Adana province. It is known as the Hacıkırı Railway Bridge or as the German bridge since it was built by the Germans in 1912. Its distance to Adana is 64 km via Karaisalı by road. The distance to Adana Station by rail is 63 km.
This bridge was made by the Germans, with a steel cage stone knitting technique. 6. It is located within the boundaries of the region. 1912 was opened in the year. The purpose of the bridge is to complete the Istanbul-Baghdad-Hijaz Railway line.
In the Kargir bridge type, 3 main openings are built on 4 main legs. Its length is 172 m. The middle foot height from the ground is 99 m. Bridge legs are steel support type and the outer covering is made by stone knitting technique. The beginning of the construction year is 1907 and the end date is 1912. There are maintenance stairs inside the four feet for bridge legs maintenance.
The railway on the bridge was arranged with a curve with a radius of 1220 m. The speed here is 85 mm compared to 47 km speed. During the 5-year construction period, 21 workers and a German engineer died for various reasons.
Address: Kiralan, 01770 Karaisali / Adana
Total length: 172 m
Opening date: 1916
Bridge type: Viaduct
History of Varda Bridge
The Baghdad Railway project was a major project that would cover the whole Ottoman territory. The German bridge, the Berlin-Baghdad-Hejaz Railway, was replaced by the Silk Road in history, and was built by the Germans in the early 1900 years as an important bridge between the West and the East.
In 1888 II. With the agreement signed by Abdulhamit and the German Emperor Kaiser Willhem, the construction of the Baghdad railway was given to the Germans. With the loan of German Deustche Bank, the most difficult part of the railway completed in 15 year was revealed in Taurus.
Within the scope of the project, a rail network from Haydarpaşa to Baghdad-Aleppo-Damascus was envisaged. Ottoman, military, goods and passenger transportation with the project; It is planned that the Germans will reach the oil resources they need. Railway construction in the Taurus Mountains began in the 1900 years. Tens of tunnels, bridges and Varda Viaducts were built between 1905 and 1918 years in Belemedik region which is the most important and difficult transition point used as home base in those years. Total 16 tunnel was constructed between Pozantı district Belemedik and Hacıkırı. The longest of them is 3 thousand 784 and the shortest is 75 meters.
Construction of Varda Bridge
The da Varda Bridge bilinen, also known as the German Bridge, is a marvel of engineering along with its historical monuments. German bridge; masonry Built on four main pillars, 172 meters are the length of the bridge, the mid-foot height is 99 meters. The feet of the bridge are of steel support type and the outer covering is made of stone knitting technique. The construction of the German bridge began in 1907 and the construction of the railway bridge was completed in 1912. There are separate maintenance stairs in the four pillars for the maintenance of the bridge legs. During the construction of the 5-year-old historic bridge, 21 workers and a German engineer died.
Having successfully completed this challenging phase of the Baghdad Train Line after years of work, the Germans have also built the monumental Varda Bridge with an 200 meter length and 99 meter height to connect the two ends of a sharp valley. they had.
Around the German bridge, there are two consecutive tunnels used today for vehicle transportation and the unused bridge legs. This old road, which was used for the passage before the construction of the Varda Bridge but posed a high risk of crossing a train due to its “U formu shaped form, was removed after the construction of the German bridge, which allows direct passage of the valley.