The EIA Application File of Kanal Istanbul, which was introduced by President Erdogan under the name 'Crazy Project' in 2011, was approved and the EIA process for the project started. The 5 routes previously offered have landed on 1. Accordingly, the project will be built on the route following the east of the Küçükçekmece Lake Sazlıdere Dam Terkos Lake. The approval of the ministry is required to start the construction of the project.
Planned as an alternative to the Bosphorus, the project area will be located within the borders of Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, Başakşehir and Arnavutköy districts. All of the infrastructure and superstructures to be established within the scope of the project will remain within the boundaries of these districts.
According to the completed report, the length of the route of Kanal Istanbul 45 kilometers. The channel will pass through Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, Başakşehir and Arnavutköy districts. The route will start from the intersection that separates the Marmara Sea from the Küçükçekmece Lake and continue along the Sazlıdere Dam Basin. After passing through the village of Sazlıbosna to reach the east of Dursunköy and past the village of Baklalı will reach the Black Sea west of Lake Terkos. 7 km Küçükçekmece, 3 thousand 100 meters Avcılar, 6 thousand 500 meters Başakşehir remaining approximately 29 kilometers will be within the boundaries of Arnavutköy.
History of Channel Istanbul
The history of the alternative waterway project to the Bosphorus goes back to the Roman Empire. The Sakarya River Transport Project was mentioned for the first time in the correspondence between the Governor of Bitinya Plinius and the Emperor Trajan.
The idea of connecting the Black Sea and Marmara with an artificial strait has come up 16 times since the 6th century. One of the three major projects planned by the Ottoman Empire in the mid-1500s was to connect the Sakarya River and Sapanca Lake to the Black Sea and Marmara. It came to the fore in 3 during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. Although the two great architects of the period, Mimar Sinan and Nicola Parisi, preparations were started, the realization of this project was canceled due to the wars.
Kanal İstanbul Technical Details
Will be implemented on the European side of the city. An artificial waterway will be opened between the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea in order to ease ship traffic in the Bosphorus, which is currently an alternative passage between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. At the point where the channel meets the Sea of Marmara, one of the two new cities foreseen to be established by 2023 will be established. With this channel, the Bosphorus will be completely closed to tanker traffic and two new peninsulas and a new island will be formed in Istanbul.
- Length 40 – 45 km
- Width (surface): 145 – 150 m
- Width (base): 125 m
- Depth: 25 m
453 is planned to be built on million square meters. The other areas are divided into airports with 30 million square meters, Ispartakule and Bahçeşehir with 78 million square meters, roads with 33 million square meters, zoning parcels with 108 million square meters and 167 million square meters are divided into common green areas.
The project will last two years. The extracted land will be used in the construction of a large airport and port, and will be used to fill quarries and mines. The cost of the project may be over $ 10 billion.
15 January The route of the project has been announced on 2018. It was announced to the public by the Ministry of Transportation that the project will pass through the Küçükçekmece Lake, Sazlısu Dam and Terkos Dam routes.
Channel Istanbul Cost
The total cost of the project is expected to be 20 billion. Taking into account the investments like bridges and airports, the total cost is estimated to be 100 billion USD.
Project 5 to be Completed in Year
Approximately 5 thousand workers will work during the construction phase. When the project is completed, it will provide employment for a thousand people. 1,350 will be suitable for crossing even DTW ships. Depending on the depth of the channel, approximately 1,5 billion cubic meters of excavation is expected. It is estimated that 115 million cubic meters of material will emerge from sea and bottom dredging.
What will happen to excavation?
According to the statements in the EIA report, the first group will consist of 3 sections and the total area will be 186 hectares. The second group of islands will consist of 4 islands and the total area will be 155 hectares. The third group consists of 3 islands and will cover an area of 104 hectares. Excavation will be used outside the island, filling the Black Sea coast and the construction of the new shore to the region of Lake Terkos.
Canal Istanbul Bridges
The routes of the bridges were also made. Except for bridges, emergency docks will be built in the channel. To ensure ship traffic, safe traffic and emergency response in case of accident or breakdown, 6 will be built to mobile 8 units to be approached once every kilometer. The length of these pockets will be at least 750 meters. In addition, emergency response centers for the operation of the channel, channel entry and exit structures, infrastructure and superstructures such as ship traffic systems, breakwaters, lighthouses and the Black Sea and Marmara Sea waiting areas will be made.
The most affected areas are Şahintepesi where 35 thousand people live and Altınşehir where 14 thousand people live.
One of the most talked about topics in Kanal Istanbul was the expropriation areas. According to the report, the 45 kilometer route passes through Küçükçekmece Lake, 8 passes through Sazlıdere. One kilometer is the forest. Back area places will be expropriated and this area is about 12 square kilometers. The most populated areas are between Küçükçekmece Avcılar line and Baklalı Terkos. Among the areas that will be most affected by the project are the Şahintepesi where 23 thousand people live and Altınşehir where 35 thousand people live.
About Kanal Istanbul Project
With the implementation of the “Kanal Istanbul” Project planned within the borders of Istanbul, Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, Başakşehir and Arnavutköy districts; reducing the overly dominant in the Bosporus, prevention of incidents that may occur after a possible maritime accidents and navigation of so Bosporus, life, the provision of goods and environmental security for all countries that use the Turkish Straits as well as for Turkey is of great importance. The planned project aims to minimize the ship traffic that threatens life and cultural assets in the Bosphorus and to provide alternative access to vessels that are exposed to heavy traffic at both entrances.
In the present case, detailed engineering studies ongoing Kucukcekmece Lake at approximately 45 kilometers long - Sazlıdere Dam - Terkos the following East to the corridor of the building work to be completed in contain year 5 the year 100 the condition of necessary maintenance Istanbul hence is expected to serve Turkey.
Channel Istanbul EIA Report
All of the Canal Istanbul Environmental Impact Assessment Report FROM HERE deductible. (The file is 141 MB)