CHP Umut Oran, who closely followed the Channel Istanbul project in the Turkish Grand National Assembly during his parliamentary term, made a remarkable statement about the project in question. While Oran was a member of parliament, he pointed out the critical problems that the Kanal Istanbul project would create for the country in 2013 and brought up a question proposal.
Upon the approval of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, Umut Oran, who read the 1595-page EIA report, prepared an appeal petition for 34 items in Istanbul and applied to the Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanization.
Umut Oran, who sent a 5-page appeal petition to the Istanbul Provincial Directorate of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization via e-mail and as a petition, stated in his petition that he published the full text on his personal website:
"24. I am a politician who brought the problems of Kanal Istanbul to the agenda of the Turkish Grand National Assembly when he was a Member of Parliament from Istanbul. On 10 and 12 May 2013, the written questions 7/23994 and 7/24429, which I submitted to the Presidency of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, were left unanswered by the Prime Minister of the time. Today, I read the 1595-page EIA report and once again saw how right my concerns were. For this reason, I present the following detailed objections to the EIA report on Kanal Istanbul that I have collected under 34 articles. ”
“WHY THE EIA REPORT IS NOT GIVEN TO THIS ISSUE”
Umut Oran, who stated that he objected to the construction of the Kanal İstanbul project and the adoption of the EIA report on 23 December 2019 and requested a written response to the objection, Umut Oran's 34 questions are as follows:
“1- While there is a natural and functioning strait in the world, is there a parallel, man-made, alternative channel example?
2- In section 6-28 of the EIA report, the Montreux Treaty is cursoryly cited. Why was it satisfied only with the opinion of Ali Kurumahmut, General Director of Maritime Transportation, Member of the Council of State, for the effect of the realization of the channel on the Montreux Convention which not only regulates the passage through the Turkish Straits but also established a security regime in the Black Sea-Marmara and Çanakkale regions? Has this opinion been received from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Defense and / or the Chief of General Staff? How can the grave consequences of not doing so on a matter directly related to our national defense be prevented?
3- Will the warships of the non-riparian states be able to reach the Black Sea via Canal Istanbul? Do you have a plan against the processes that could change the Turkish Straits which is the backbone of Montreux Convention?
4- In the EIA report, “The amount of agricultural land to be affected by the project and the number of buildings / structures will be determined during the mapping and expropriation processes to be made before the construction phase of the project. On the basis of the available data, there is no possibility to give precise information about what kind of immovable property can be affected in places requiring property regulation iyor does not indicate that the project still has many shortcomings? Doesn't it mislead the public that the cost of the project has been announced as 75 billion TL? In this case, will the project cost not exceed 75 billion TL?
5- 24 million m320 of concrete will be produced when the two concrete plants to be installed work 15 hours a year for 3 hours, but is it true that 66,6 million cubic meters of concrete will be used for the project? If a building with 5 floors of 10 floors can be constructed with roughly 450 m3 of concrete according to the Civil Engineers, couldn't there be 66.6 thousand new buildings in Istanbul with 3 million m148 of concrete, that is, 1 million 480 thousand independent sections and apartments? Couldn't the city be rebuilt from Fatih to Avcılar with such concrete and prepared for the earthquake?
6- Is it true that the excavation of Kanal Istanbul will be carried out by removing the 30-year rubble during the excavation works?
7- Will the quarries to be opened in Arnavutköy and Kemerburgaz not harm the forest area?
8- Will the fact that 816 heavy vehicles are actively involved on the TEM highway daily due to the project, will not make the lives of the citizens in the settlements to be crossed difficult even if you open the connection roads to the motorway? Will the speed of the earth-moving trucks terrorizing the traffic terror be mechanically fixed, and will their location and speed be monitored by GPS?
9- In the EIA report, when a foreign-flagged vessel stops crossing the channel for free of charge, it is said that olmayan it is a clear violation of the principle of crossing the Bosphorus from the sea and the difficulty of recommending a non-stopover passage through Kanal Istanbul and strongly recommending it deniz. , why isn't this topic explained?
10- How will the channel change the ecology of Eastern Thrace? Has the annual return of agricultural land to be lost been calculated? How many trees will be cut in this gigantic project due to infrastructure requirements?
11- As stated in the report, how will the passage through the channel be closed simultaneously during earthquake and tsunami? How will the safety of ships and passengers passing through the channel during an earthquake or tsunami be ensured?
12- What is the content of Annex-16 of the EIA Report prepared as “Earthquake Risks Report, and why is this report not disclosed?
13- According to the Cruising Boat Navigation Rules (R13); Will fishing boats, tourist boats, small yacht boats and ferries passing through Canal Istanbul be forbidden?
14- Are the new surface currents flowing more than 8 kilometers per hour from the Black Sea to the Marmara Sea due to the salinity and the negative impacts on the eco-system balance and the negative effects on the eco-system balance? This stream will increase with the effect of the prevailing northern winds in the Black Sea and it is the most polluted part of the Black Sea due to the Danube Basin (Danube delta). Isn't there a danger that it will increase the contamination?
15- If any ship sinks in the Channel which is 275 meters and 20,75 meters deep in its narrowest place or if an independent tank like Independenta is burned for days, how to intervene in this channel, which is much narrower than Bosphorus, and how to intervene in the accident. How will it be removed? Have emergency procedures been established? Will the planning of tugs and pilot captains alone prevent, for example, a 1979-meter-long container ship from crashing? How many anti-pollution kits will be available for mooring basins?
16- This project, which will turn Western Istanbul into an island, roughly 5-6 million people need to evacuate in the event of natural disaster or radioactive fallout. How will the evacuation take place in case of this disaster if the bridges to be built on this channel in the west are compelled? Why is this issue not included in the EIA report?
17- Why was the vulnerability of all external logistics of the West Istanbul Island dependent on several bridges from the east and the west?
18- The average sea levels are changing due to the Canal Istanbul project. It is stated that the level in the Black Sea can be reduced by 5 cm and there may be an increase of approximately 2 cm in the Marmara Sea (up to 3 cm regionally). How will the rise of the sea, together with the consequences of global warming, affect the lives of residents on the Bosphorus? How will you eliminate the negativity it will create? What kind of assistance will you provide to Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and district municipalities?
19- This sampling corresponds to approximately 12% of excess water entering the Black Sea from the Marmara Sea. Isn't that proportionally a big change? Will this change not affect the daily life of Istanbulites, the ecosystem in the Sea of Marmara and the living things negatively? Will the sea water rise by 1,65 meters due to global warming will not affect Istanbul negatively?
20- As a result of the Hydrodynamic model study conducted for the Dardanelles, what does it mean that there will be 12 km20 / year overflow from the Black Sea to the Marmara Sea, which is about 3% above the current flow? What will be the effects of the 20 km3 extra flow caused by this increase in the Aegean Sea and thus Çanakkale, Balıkesir, İzmir, why has not been studied in this direction?
21- Will the natural resources of the new West Istanbul Island, where approximately 5-6 million people live, be sufficient to feed the island, especially water? How did you reach the conclusion that it would be possible to transmit 1,08 billion m³ of water to Istanbul with the Melen Project? How will water be retained and transferred here when there is a crack in the Melen dam body?
22- The wastewater of Küçükçekmece and Avcılar was treated at the point where the project would be built and deep sea discharge was provided. If these are canceled, the EIA report states that 500.000 m3 / day capacity treatment plants are planned, who will construct this treatment plant? How will you prevent the grievance of the people of Avcılar and Küçükçekmece?
23- If the channel project goes to the construction phase, will 23 million square meters of forest area, 45 kilometers long and 150 meters wide average of 136 million square meters of fertile agricultural and forest area will not be destroyed?
24- The information that the farmers who had similar experiences in Tayakadın and who had to work in the construction of the airport could not keep up with working as workers and had to quit the job was also shared in the EIA report. Therefore, has there been any effort to prevent the loss of employment in agricultural and pasture areas that will be lost due to the project? Have projects been developed to encourage rural activities with relevant institutions / organizations on the impact to be generated? For example, can't loss of employment be prevented by providing alternative agriculture and pastures instead of lost farmland and pasture areas? Or can't the damaged pasture areas in the province be rehabilitated and used, which of them?
25- It is envisaged that 6 construction sites will be established and approximately 10.000 workers will be employed for construction activities. How much of this will be met by the people of this region who will be forced to go to another region by taking away the land?
26- Will national standards as well as international financial institutions (IFI) standards be taken into account in the implementation of resettlement applications when expropriation costs are issued and if necessary, which organizations are they, and what are their names?
27- Within the scope of Kanal İstanbul Project, the pasture quality of 440 (418 square meters) real estate has been removed from 13.437.022,67 pasture, plateau and winter property properties. Since there are 22 pasturable immovable properties in the title deed registry, preventive measures and defendant encumbrances have not been finalized yet. In this context, why not provide support for alternative pasture areas and / or livestock activities such as feed support?
28- It is stated that the effects of the Kanal Istanbul Project to the livestock activities in the project and its impact area, risks and measures to mitigate these effects are also examined in detail in the HIA report (EIA Report Annex-36). What are the measures in this Annex-36, which is of particular interest to citizens engaged in agriculture in Arnavutköy?
29- In Karaburun, the number of households living in fishery is 300. It is stated that in case of the construction and operation phase of the Project, they will be affected by the activities in the sea and they will not be able to continue fishing in the areas they currently hunt. In the assessment studies, not only those who have boats, but also other groups that receive income from fishing such as crews were included and no additional studies were conducted on how the fishermen would be affected and whether they would suffer loss of income or not, and what measures would be taken to prevent the fishermen from losing income?
30- According to the Ship Flow Simulation study, it is predicted that more than 2 times the number of ships is expected to come, has a separate risk study been conducted to check the compatibility of Küçükçekmece Nuclear Research Center and Kanal Istanbul, if so, what is the content and result?
31- Unarmed security forces will be employed by the contractor in order to protect the construction site and this application will continue until the project is put into service. After the acceptance of the facility, will the facility be protected by armed private security employed by the Investor? It said the absence of a citizen of the Republic of Turkey Investor armed security personnel will be banned from foreign nationals constitute?
32- During the impact assessment studies, 1 archaeological site, 1 historical bridge and 50 registered archaeological sites or historical sites exist within the project route and impact area. What are the works and procedures mentioned in the opinion of the Istanbul Regional Board for Protection of Cultural Heritage No. 2.2.7 presented in Annex-1 of the EIA Report regarding these areas? What is the content of the additional report in question?
33- In the report stated that the labor flow to be experienced in the region may provide potential benefits for the society; people living in the region are disturbed by the arrival of foreign workers due to the current socio-cultural dynamics, theft, physical attacks, gender-based violence, human trafficking, alcohol and drug use, smuggling and so on. Potential negative impacts such as increased criminal activity, increased traffic and increase in accidents, additional burden on transportation infrastructure. What measures will you take to eliminate these problems?
34- The General Directorate of Mining Affairs (MİGEM) examines whether there is a loss of resources and whether it will affect the existing licenses in case the project is carried out. quartz sand operation, license areas are reported to be adversely affected by the project. How much will the total cost of the identified resource loss be to the state? TL