Importance of Railways for Turkey; It is the first and most important element of the public transportation approach, which has an increasing importance in terms of transportation systems. It is the dynamo of integration and economic development. It contributes greatly to the economic, social and cultural development of the places it passes through. It is economical, providing generally more affordable transport for heavy and high volume loads. It allows more passengers to be transported by wagons at one time and cost-effectively. In today's world, where the search for alternative energy is gaining importance, it is at the forefront with its environmentally friendly identity.
It is an alternative to the increasing road traffic with the spread of High Speed Train networks. The iron route, which connects Europe and Asia in the most attractive way, increases our capacity in commercial transportation as it will pass through our country thanks to its geographical location. It paves the way for the development of the logistics sector. It increases the speed, capability and capacity of industrial production by facilitating access to logistics centers.
19, one of the inventions that had a significant impact on the course of history. The train and rail, which became commercialized in the first half of the century; it transforms and transforms industry, trade, and culture; art, literature, in short, has been an area that affects almost everything and everything that concerns humanity.
The locomotives who started their journey on iron rail are the leading actors of social transformation and integration. In addition to economic development, railway investments increase its importance in order to ensure integration with scientific, social and cultural development. Railway; introduces modern life to every settlement where it passes. The maximum positive impact of the railways on the delivery of public services has led to the growth of steps aimed at improving the quality of life of people.
Technological and scientific developments have brought countries closer together than ever before. In order to complete globalization and political and social integration, the need to integrate transportation modes has been created. The importance of the railway is thus better understood. The main reasons for the investments on rail, especially in the European Union and Far East countries, do not stop. It has been understood in the last thirty years that the importance attributed to road transport, which is the most used mode in the world, does not make sense alone.
Our Ministry has seen railways as one of the most important links of sustainable development moves and has worked hard to revive this neglected sector from 1951 until the end of 2003. The deep gap between the years 18-945, where the total 1951 kilometer railway was built for the year but only 2004 kilometers, was filled with the last 16 annual intensive activity schedule and the most intensive study was made when the 1856-1923, 1923-1950, 1951-2003 periods were compared It has been.
Our railways have also benefited from the transformation of the idea of a balanced and integrated development of all modes of transport into a priority state policy. The importance given to the railway has been shown in the investment planning in order to reach the determined targets and the investment allowance has increased exponentially from year to year. Railway, within the sectors of the Republic of 2023 targets
100. is preparing to leave its mark on the transportation system.
●● Implementation of high-speed, rapid and conventional railway projects,
●● Modernization of existing roads, vehicle fleet, stations and stations,
●● Connection of railway network to production centers and ports,
●● development of the advanced railway industry with the private sector,
●● Making our country an important logistics base in the region, especially with the logistics centers expected to provide great opportunities in exports,
●● Modern Iron Silk Road, which will extend from Far Asia to Western Europe, is established and a continuous railway corridor is established between the two continents,
●● With the new railway industries in the sector, many major projects have been successfully implemented in line with the main objectives of the development of the domestic railway industry, and many have been working intensively.
Turkey's high-speed rail projects 40-year dream was realized. Ankara-Eskişehir-İstanbul, Ankara-Konya and Konya-Eskişehir-İstanbul High Speed Railway lines have been completed and put into service. 8 in the world with high-speed rail line, 6 in Europe. rising to the position of countries have now started a new era in Turkey. Ankara-Sivas High Speed Railway line is at the end of 2019; Polatlı-Afyonkarahisar-Uşak section of the Ankara-İzmir High Speed Railway line, which is currently undergoing intensive work, is planned to be completed by 2020, Uşak-Manisa-İzmir section in 2021 and Ankara-Bursa line in 2020.
With the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway and Marmaray / Bosphorus Tube Passage, the Modern Iron Silk Road is put into practice, and the distant Asia-Western European railway corridor becomes functional.
Marmaray 2013, which was built with the deepest immersed tube tunnel technique in the world, was built in the Bosphorus, which is our dream of a century and a half, which is considered as the engineering wonder of the world and where the double currents are made considering the migration routes of the fish.
In addition to the new railway constructions, importance was given to the modernization of the existing system and a road renewal campaign was initiated. The complete maintenance and renewal of the 10.789 km of the existing railway network, most of which has not been intact since the day it was built, has been completed. Thus, by increasing train speeds, line capacity and capability, passenger and freight transportation became more comfortable, safer and faster and the share of railways in transportation increased.
Priority has been given to the connection of production centers, organized industrial zones to railways and to the development of combined transport. By planning logistics centers for the OIZ, factories and ports that contain the priority logistic value of our country and by establishing some of these; A new transportation concept has been developed in terms of national, regional and global transportation.
65. Government Program and 10. Efforts are underway for the implementation of the tan Transformation from Transport to Logistics Program yer included in the Development Plan. The program aims to increase the contribution of the logistics sector to the growth potential of our country and to make our country one of the first 15 countries in the Logistics Performance Index.
The law regulating the railway sector was enacted, liberalization legal infrastructure was provided in the sector and the way for the private sector to carry out railway transportation was opened. In this context, the separation process of railways as infrastructure and train operation has been concluded.
Between the years 2023-2035 in the railway sector
●● In order to support the Trans-Asia middle corridor of our country, 1.213 km from 12.915 km to 11.497 km, 11.497 km from 12.293 km to 2023 km achieving total 25.208 km rail length in XNUMX, thus raising
●● Completion of renewal of all lines,
●● share of railway transportation; increase to% 10 in passenger and% 15 in load,
●● Ensuring that the transport activities of the liberalized railway sector are carried out in a fair and sustainable competitive environment,
●● Increasing our railway network to 6.000 km by constructing 31.000 km additional high speed railway,
●● Development of intelligent transportation infrastructures and systems to ensure the integration of the railway network with other transportation systems,
●● the completion of railway lines and connections in the Straits and Gulf Crossings and becoming an important railway corridor between Asia-Europe-Africa continents,
●● It is aimed to reach 20% in railway freight transport and 15% in passenger transport.
10. The railway sector objectives in the Development Plan are as follows:
In transportation planning, it is essential to adopt a corridor approach. Combined transport applications will be developed in freight transport. High-speed train network, the center of Ankara;
●● From the Istanbul-Eskişehir-Antalya corridors
It is formed.
Existing single-line railways in order of priority based on traffic intensity
will be double-lined.
The signaling and electrification investments required by the network will be accelerated. Compliance with technical and administrative interoperability regulations will be ensured in order to ensure uninterrupted and harmonious railway transport with Europe.
Rail and road connections of the ports will be completed. The 12 logistics center (9 logistics center is open for service), which is currently under construction and project preparation, will be completed.
In Turkey, the first time a logistics master plan is being prepared. A holistic logistics legislation will be prepared and put into force. Efforts towards the objectives of the Development Plan continue at full speed