Kanal İstanbul project will start from Yeniköy and follow Sazlıdere Dam and meet Marmara from Küçükçekmece Lake. Channel Istanbul, where rumors about the route have been circulated from language to language for months, was taken into consideration when determining the exact route of the route.
According to the news of Sabah newspaper Nazif KAraman, the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization has prepared the Zoning Plan for the project in this direction. The Ministry also sent the plan to the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and related public institutions for preliminary examination.
The plan is currently being reviewed by IMM Department of Urban Development. The municipality will report to the Ministry as a result of the review. After the Ministry has prepared and signed the final plan, opinions will be received from other municipalities and public institutions. Then, the plan, IMM and district municipalities will be suspended.
Channel Istanbul History
The history of the alternative waterway project to the Bosphorus goes back to the Roman Empire. The Sakarya River Transport Project was mentioned for the first time in the correspondence between the Governor of Bitinya Plinius and the Emperor Trajan.
The idea of connecting the Black Sea and Marmara with an artificial strait has come up 16 times since the 6th century. One of the three major projects planned by the Ottoman Empire in the mid-1500s was to connect the Sakarya River and Sapanca Lake to the Black Sea and Marmara. It came to the fore in 3 during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. Although the two great architects of the period, Mimar Sinan and Nicola Parisi, preparations were started, the realization of this project was canceled due to the wars.
Kanal İstanbul Technical Information
Will be implemented on the European side of the city. An artificial waterway will be opened between the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea in order to ease ship traffic in the Bosphorus, which is currently an alternative passage between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. At the point where the channel meets the Sea of Marmara, one of the two new cities foreseen to be established by 2023 will be established. With this channel, the Bosphorus will be completely closed to tanker traffic and two new peninsulas and a new island will be formed in Istanbul.
- Length 40 – 45 km
- Width (surface): 145 – 150 m
- Width (base): 125 m
- Depth: 25 m
453 million square meters of the New City, which is planned to be established on 30 million square meters, consists of Kanal Istanbul. The other areas are divided into airports with 78 million square meters, Ispartakule and Bahçeşehir with 33 million square meters, roads with 108 million square meters, zoning parcels with 167 million square meters and 37 million square meters are divided into common green areas. The extracted land will be used in the construction of a large airport and port, and will be used to fill quarries and mines. The cost of the project may be over $ 10 billion.
15 January The route of the project has been announced on 2018. It was announced to the public by the Ministry of Transportation that the project will pass through the Küçükçekmece Lake, Sazlısu Dam and Terkos Dam routes.
Dams and Lakes to be Used
According to the plan, the beginning of Channel Istanbul will be adjacent to Istanbul Airport. The most important reason for the Ministry to choose this route is that most of the land located on the canal axis belongs to the treasury and that the Sazlıdere Dam and Küçükçekmece Lake will be utilized at maximum level when the channel is opened.
Excavation work will be carried out in 16 km of the area outside the Sazlıdere Dam and Küçükçekmece Lake. The definitive route of Istanbul's crazy project will be Yeniköy-Sazlıdere Dam-Arnavutköy-Başakşehir-Küçükçekmece Lake. The Ministry of Environment and Urbanization asked the municipalities and institutions related to the infrastructure and superstructure projects for the Kanal Istanbul project last April for their approach plans, projects and works for the next 50-100 years. In line with the opinions reached to the Ministry, he made a 1 / 100.000 scale zoning plan. The plan was prepared by the General Directorate of Spatial Planning under the Ministry.
Channel Istanbul - Neighbor to Istanbul Airport
With the plan, new settlements, trade areas, tourism centers and reserve areas to be constructed along the route of Kanal Istanbul and the route were determined. According to the Reconstruction Plan, the Channel will start from Yeniköy in the North and will be adjacent to the 3rd Airport. A luxurious marina will be built at the northern and southern ends of the Canal, which is planned to be 44 km long and 200 meters wide. The most important reason for the Ministry to choose this route is that most of the land located on the channel axis belongs to the treasury. According to the data prepared in the plan, most of the land that the channel passes through is used in agriculture. The project also planned to provide maximum benefit from Sazlıdere Dam and Küçükçekmece Lake. Sazlıdere Dam will be in the canal.
Kucukcekmece Lake, which is given a danger alarm due to pollution, will also take place in the channel. In this way, expropriation costs and other costs will be lower. Another advantage of the route is that there is no forest land on the road. Along the canal there will be dense and low-density housing, commercial areas and tourism centers.
Channel Istanbul Route
Planned as an alternative to the Bosphorus, the project area will be located within the borders of Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, Başakşehir and Arnavutköy districts. All of the infrastructure and superstructures to be established within the scope of the project will remain within the boundaries of these districts.
According to the completed report, the length of the route of Kanal Istanbul 45 kilometers. The channel will pass through Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, Başakşehir and Arnavutköy districts. The route will start from the intersection that separates the Marmara Sea from the Küçükçekmece Lake and continue along the Sazlıdere Dam Basin. After passing through the village of Sazlıbosna to reach the east of Dursunköy and past the village of Baklalı will reach the Black Sea west of Lake Terkos. 7 km Küçükçekmece, 3 thousand 100 meters Avcılar, 6 thousand 500 meters Başakşehir remaining approximately 29 kilometers will be within the boundaries of Arnavutköy.
Channel Istanbul Cost
The total cost of the project is expected to be 20 billion. Taking into account investments such as bridges and airports, 100 billion USD It is estimated.
Project 5 to be Completed in Year
Approximately 5 thousand workers will work during the construction phase. When the project is completed, it will provide employment for a thousand people. 1,350 will be suitable for crossing even DTW ships. Depending on the depth of the channel, approximately 1,5 billion cubic meters of excavation is expected. It is estimated that 115 million cubic meters of material will emerge from sea and bottom dredging.
3 Island will be built
According to the statements in the EIA report, the first group will consist of 3 sections and the total area will be 186 hectares. The second group of islands will consist of 4 islands and the total area will be 155 hectares. The third group consists of 3 islands and will cover an area of 104 hectares. Excavation will be used outside the island, filling the Black Sea coast and the construction of the new shore to the region of Lake Terkos.
6 Bridge Over Canal Istanbul
The routes of the bridges were also made. Except for bridges, emergency docks will be built in the channel. To ensure ship traffic, safe traffic and emergency response in case of accident or breakdown, 6 will be built to mobile 8 units to be approached once every kilometer. The length of these pockets will be at least 750 meters. In addition, emergency response centers for the operation of the channel, channel entry and exit structures, infrastructure and superstructures such as ship traffic systems, breakwaters, lighthouses and the Black Sea and Marmara Sea waiting areas will be made.
23 km2 Expropriation to be done
The most affected areas are Şahintepesi where 35 thousand people live and Altınşehir where 14 thousand people live.
One of the most talked about topics in Kanal Istanbul was the expropriation areas. According to the report, the 45 kilometer route passes through Küçükçekmece Lake, 8 passes through Sazlıdere. One kilometer is the forest. Back area places will be expropriated and this area is about 12 square kilometers. The most populated areas are between Küçükçekmece Avcılar line and Baklalı Terkos. Among the areas that will be most affected by the project are the Şahintepesi where 23 thousand people live and Altınşehir where 35 thousand people live.
About Kanal Istanbul Project
With the implementation of the “Kanal Istanbul” Project planned within the borders of Istanbul, Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, Başakşehir and Arnavutköy districts; reducing the overly dominant in the Bosporus, prevention of incidents that may occur after a possible maritime accidents and navigation of so Bosporus, life, the provision of goods and environmental security for all countries that use the Turkish Straits as well as for Turkey is of great importance. The planned project aims to minimize the ship traffic that threatens life and cultural assets in the Bosphorus and to provide alternative access to vessels that are exposed to heavy traffic at both entrances.
In the present case, detailed engineering studies ongoing Kucukcekmece Lake at approximately 45 kilometers long - Sazlıdere Dam - Terkos the following East to the corridor of the building work to be completed in contain year 5 the year 100 the condition of necessary maintenance Istanbul hence is expected to serve Turkey.
Kanal Istanbul Environmental Impact Assessment Report
All of the Canal Istanbul Environmental Impact Assessment Report FROM HERE deductible. (The file is 141 MB)