Opportunities and Threats in One Generation One Road Project; New Turkey, linking China to Europe "One Generation will strengthen the position of a road project to" join the global world order.
Vice Rector of Eurasia University Prof. Dr. Ersan Bocutoğlu, China is forming the agenda of connecting the world to Europe using a Belt Way Project değerlendz the Caspian your-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey European line, continuous two continents, two seas, 2 thousand kilometer route to the destination by times in 2 days has reached. The train, welcomed with a ceremony in Ankara, is used for the first time in the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway line and the Marmaray Railway connection in the One Belt One Road Project.
China Railway Express from Turkey due to the passage, the public has developed a Belt is considered the birthplace of China's need to provide information about a road project.
WHAT IS A GENERATION ROAD PROJECT?
With its extraordinary economic power it has gained since the 1980s, China announced its "One Belt One Road Project" to the world in 2013. One belt leg of the One Belt One Road Project is the revival of the historical silk road from China to Europe; Another leg of the road aims to establish a sea route network starting from China, crossing the Yellow Sea, the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean, to Europe from Piraeus in Greece and Venice in Italy.
A Generation A Road Project is an interregional, transnational, and intercontinental infrastructure, trade and finance project, although its geographical boundaries are not clearly defined.
One Generation One Road Project is an 60 Trillion Dollar project that covers more than 1 countries and aims to connect China to Europe and Africa continents with various infrastructure investments. The main role in the financing of the project belongs to the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, which is dominated by China.
One Belt, One Road Project consists of highways, railways, oil and natural gas pipelines, power transmission lines, ports and other infrastructure projects that will connect China to the world.
A Belt A Road Project consists of two parts: The first part is the “One Belt” section and the “Silk Road Economic Belt oturan resting on a terrestrial base. This belt will connect China to Central Asia, Eastern and Central Europe. The second part is “21. Century Marine Silk Road ”is located on the sea floor. It connects China to Southeast Asia, Africa and Europe. The project includes the 6 land economic corridor and the 1 maritime economic corridor.
Land economic corridors;
a) New Eurasia Land Bridge with Western China to Eastern Russia,
b) Sino-Mongolian-Russian Corridor and Northern China to Mongolia through Eastern Russia,
c) China-Central Asia, West Asia corridor through West Asia and western China, Iran, Turkey and Europe,
d) Sino-Indian Peninsula Corridor and South China through Turkey-China to Singapore,
e) Sino-Pakistan Corridor and Southeast China through Pakistan and the Indian Ocean through Pakistan,
f) The Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Corridor connects South China to India via Bangladesh and Myanmar.
The maritime economic corridor connects the Chinese coasts / ports to Africa and Europe via Singapore-Malaysia-Indian Ocean-Red Sea-Suez Canal-Mediterranean.
The Land Corridors (Red Line) and Marine Corridors (Blue Line) of the "One Belt One Road Project" are shown on the map below.
A GENERATION-A ROAD PROJECT AND THE WORLD
There are supporters, abstainers and opponents of One Way One Way Project in the world.
1. Supporters of a Generation One Road Project
China, Iran, Pakistan Although there are more than 60 countries supporting the project, it can be said that the main supporters of the project are mainly China, Iran and Pakistan. It can be said that Iran sees the project as a shield against the US and Pakistan as a shield against India.
2. Opponents of a Generation of Road Project: India, Japan, USA, India
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is opposed to the project due to the fact that India passes through the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir Region, this situation challenges India's sovereignty and territorial integrity, Chinese investments in the Indian Ocean, the project surrounds India and is not transparent. Thinking that the project, which has the potential to turn into a geopolitical status in the medium and long term, will ultimately put Japan in a difficult economic and geopolitical situation, Japan also acts in partnership with India and stands against the project. Following the project closely, it supports the United States' initiative against India-Japan and is among the project opponents with this attitude.
3. Abstentions of a Generation of Road Project: Russia, European Union
Although Russia stands out as one of the main partners of the project, it is afraid of the long-term geopolitical consequences of the project. With its economy with limited production diversity, large lands, unlimited oil, natural gas, mineral and other raw material resources, and its population in a declining trend, Russia is both taking part in the project and taking measures to prevent the project from threatening Russia, considering the possibility of being the target of Chinese hegemony in the long run. is also improving. The method followed by Russia regarding the project is "find it, check it, block it when necessary".
Although the European Union signed the "2020 Strategy Agenda for European Union-China Cooperation" document with China, the concern that trade subsidized by China will lead to unfair competition against the European Union countries has not been resolved yet. However, the European Union takes into account the opportunities that the project will create. Two of the EU's weakest aspects are that it does not have a common military power and a common foreign policy. For this reason, it can be said that despite the Strategy Agenda signed by the European Union on the project, the members of the union do not have a common attitude and each union member country takes individual initiatives in the project area.
ONE WAY PROJECT GENERATION AND TURKEY
Turkey will finance the project, which was co-founder of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, in China, has joined the One-Way Summit Belt is closely involved with the project. The loss of confidence in Turkey's western allies for the last ten years, the West has pushed him to seek the support of Russia and China in balancing the world. emerging Turkey in Asia this new economic powerhouse of the project with out a reliable line outside of Iran (China-Central Asia-Caspian Sea-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey) to reach opportunity to regain the Turkey to Central Asia, China over the Turkish Republic ' e. However, with China's economic projects increased over the Turkish Republic, Turkey's geopolitical and to offset the impact of population it is clear that there is a need of close cooperation with Russia. This is one of the issues that made Russia uneasy about the project, and perhaps the most important one. Turkey-China relations in the development of the importance of the role to play Uighur Autonomous Region of factors should be noted that aside.
A GENERATION ROAD PROJECT AND CENTRAL ASIAN TURKISH REPUBLICS
Geographically, the Central Asian Turkic Republics are in the first circle of the project. Although it is clear that the increasing influence of China as an economic power will be felt globally, if the project is successful or fails, the Turkish Republics in the first circle will suffer the most. The increase in Chinese economic influence in the medium and long term, the free movement of goods, money and labor have the potential to disrupt the population balance of the Turkish Republics. It is not only an issue that the Turkish Republics can overcome by themselves. Russia on this issue should be considered whether there is a need of close cooperation of Turkey and the Turkish Republic.
A GENERATION ROAD PROJECT AND TRABZON
The tension between the US and Iran, as a Generation jeopardize the use of a Road Project from Iran last West Asia corridor, China instead of this corridor, it prefers the China-Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey-Europe corridor. This situation is a strategic advantage in our country, Turkey is closer physically Central Asian Turkish Republics. A generation of West Asia, the Caspian Sea Corridor Project variant of a path through Turkey, although, to be connected to the ports of Trabzon, Turkey Railway Network are hampering the project to benefit from the Eastern Black Sea Region. Therefore, the gold of connecting to Trabzon, Turkey Railway Network has once again draw is good.
A generation project is an economic cooperation in the short and medium term of a road project, taking into account the long-term geopolitical threats that may result, the importance of having alternative plans regarding Turkey's project is large. Turkey to take part in a road project of a generation, as a result, it is a strategic step that will strengthen Turkey's new global status. " (Blew)