It is the institution that operates the state-owned railway services of Azerbaijan. The company was established in 1991 as Azerbaijan State Railways (Azərbaycan Tattoolət Dəmir Yolu) in place of the Soviet Railways and was renamed in 2009. It is located in central Baku.
The first railway in Azerbaijan was opened in 1880. Today, Azerbaijan Railways has 12 stations, two of which are fully automatic, 176 with container mechanisms with adapted mechanisms and machines, and three stations with high cargo containers. Railways have a total length of 1,272 km, 2,918 km of which are electrified.
Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway briefly (ICTA), Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey, which connects directly to a regional rail line. The line is called the “Iron Silk Road”.
The railway line from the capital of Georgia bypassing Armenia Azerbaijan's capital of Baku through Tbilisi and Ahilkelek the city extends to the city of Kars in Turkey. The entire railway is 838,6 km and its total cost is 450 million dollars. 503 km of railway from Azerbaijan, 259 km of Georgia, while 76 km of passes through Turkey. In the first stage, it is aimed to transport 1 million passengers and 6.5 million tons of cargo annually from the line.
Basic thrown line in 2007, the Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev on 30 October 2017 Turkey Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Prime Minister of Georgia Giorgi service opened with the participation Kvirikaşvili.