Moroccan Economy and Rail System Investments

moroccan economy and rail system investments
moroccan economy and rail system investments

Located in North Africa, Morocco has a rich history and culture. Morocco has both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Area 710.850 km2 The majority of Morocco's population is concentrated in the cities on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The capital city of Rabat is Casablanca. On the other hand, Marrakech is the capital of tourism in the inner regions, Meknes, Fes cities where agriculture is concentrated and Tanger, Tetoaun, Nador and Oujda are other important cities located on the Mediterranean coast. Urbanization and population are increasing rapidly. 20. At the beginning of the 20th century, the population of Morocco was less than 5 million, while the population approaching 1954 million in 10 reached 1985 million in 1990-22 years. By the year 2018, Morocco's population was 35.7 million.

Unemployment is an important problem in Morocco. Morocco; It is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, the Great Maghreb Union, the Francophone, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Mediterranean Dialogue Group and the G-77, and has the fifth largest economy in the African continent.

Morocco, which has the largest phosphate deposits in the world, owes its economy to income from agriculture, manufacturing, fisheries and tourism sector and foreign currencies brought by Moroccans working abroad. 3 is one of the most important producers and exporters of the future in Morocco, North Africa and the Arab world with its fleet of around 1000 ships and equipped port infrastructure. Morocco, which is moving towards becoming a regional center for transportation, logistics, production and sales sectors in the north and west of Africa and Sub-Saharan, has duty-free access to the 1 country, where more than one billion consumers live.

Since the 1980 years, Morocco has entered into a successful economic reform process in cooperation with the IMF and the World Bank, and within this framework, liberalization of the foreign trade regime, new investment law, privatization program and the banking system have been improved. In the last 10 year, the Moroccan economy's dependence on the agriculture and phosphate sectors has declined, increasing the share of manufacturing and service sectors in GDP. GDP varies over the years according to the performance of the agricultural sector. The priority of the government is to reduce the unemployment rate and reduce poverty due to the recession. Economic activity in the country is concentrated around Casablanca and Rabat. The government applies investment incentives to improve business opportunities in less populated areas. Despite various measures, migration from village to city cannot be prevented.

Morocco is running the economic program proposed by the World Bank. Social and economic inequality in the country is said to be the most important obstacle to growth. On the other hand, there is also a section that is skeptical about the transition of the country to a free market economy. There is concern that Moroccan companies will remain weak in the face of competition from Europe. The government launched a campaign on the modernization of the business community. Tourism revenues are the country's most important source of foreign exchange inputs. Other important foreign exchange sources are the remittances sent by Moroccan workers working abroad and the revenues from phosphate exports. The currency is Dirham, which is calculated on a basket of Euros and Dollars.

Morocco is considered a middle income country. Approximately two-thirds of the Gross Domestic Product is based on the services sector. The manufacturing sector accounts for about 13% of GDP, the agricultural sector accounts for about 12% of GDP, and the mining sector accounts for about 4% of GDP. Due to the low external debt burden, it was relatively less affected by the global economic crisis. In the medium term, the economy is expected to gain strength.

The state of the country's economy;

GDP (Nominal) (2017 IMF): 109 billion USD
GDP Per Capita (2017 IMF): 3.007,24 USD
GDP Growth Rate (Real-IMF): 4,1%
Inflation Rate (January 2018): 1,8%
Unemployment Rate (December 2017): 10,2%
Total Exports: 29,3 billion USD
Total imports: 51,2 billion USD

Turkey's exports to Morocco, while the total value of 2,3 billion dollars, the value of imports was $ 591 million. Morocco, Turkey's biggest trading partners in the African countries in which there is the xnumx'inc countries. Textile and garment, automotive, agriculture, iron and steel, tourism and contracting services are the leading sectors that have the potential to develop economic relations between the two countries.

Fas automobiles and automobile parts early products exported to Turkey, nitrogen, phosphorus and mineral or chemical fertilizers including potassium, two, or three, meat, poultry, seafood, natural calcium phosphates, natural aluminum calcium phosphate, such as phosphate compounds, gold and from silver.

cars early products that Morocco imports from Turkey, ignition internal combustion reciprocating or rotary piston engines, steel profiles, jewelry goods assembly, cotton fabric, refrigerators, freezers, come other cooling or freezing equipment and heat pumps.

Major Turkish Firms and Investments in Morocco;

- Özdemir Import Export Sarl AU: Cosmetics, textile, paper packaging activities.

- bgcturq: Steel construction, reinforced concrete, machinery installation and store decoration works in Casablanca.

- Mersel Turkey Sarl: need to develop exports from Turkey to Morocco between Morocco and Turkey as well as transportation to people who will trade from Morocco to Turkey, accommodation, guides, it offers services such as consulting firms.

- Malay Import Export SARL: Company has been operating in Morocco, home textiles from Turkey steel doors and interior doors room doors sells.

- Upes Energie: He works on renewable energy in Rabat and Casablanca.

- Style Turc: MOROCCO is engaged in wholesale, retail and store decoration of textiles and textile products in Casablanca.

- Vip Turk: Vip Türk, a pioneer in custom car design, specializes in interior design of VIP vehicles.

Railway Transportation in Morocco;

ONCF is the national railway operator of Morocco. The equipment is responsible for freight and passenger transport on the ONCF railways, which is affiliated to the Ministry of Transport and Logistics. The company is also responsible for the construction and maintenance of infrastructure. The company employs a total of 7.761 people. Operated Line length is 3.815 km, of which 2.295 km is double line. The rail opening used is the standard line size 1.435 mm and 64% of the line is electrified. The company has 230 locomotives, 585 passenger wagons, 49 EMU-DMU sets.

Strategic Objectives of Railway Transportation;

- Completion of the high-speed train line of Tangier-Casablanca to Marrakech.

- Extension and modernization of the railway network (Beni Mellal and Tetouan).

-Increasing and improving the existing railway network.

- Modernization of railway stations.

- Development of regional railway lines in major urban areas such as Casablanca, Tangier, Tetouan, Marrakech, Agadir, Oujda, Fez.

- Development of logistic centers (Mita Zenata, Fez, Marrakech and Tangier).

Railway Targets Until 2040;

-Existing with 23 by expanding the railways connecting 43 province.

- Total 39 billion USD investment in railways.

- Increasing the number of ports connected to each other by rail network from 6 to 12.

-% 51 of the population is connected to the rail network while increasing it to% 87.

-300.000 provide employment to people.

- Increasing the number of airport connections that are only 1 to 15.

Ministry of Transport 2019 Budget;

Railways 2,9 billion USD
Highway 2,7 billion USD
Ports 3 billion USD
Havayolları 0,5 billion USD
Logistics 6,6 billion USD
Total 15,7 billion USD

Casablanca-Tangier High Speed ​​Line;

Called Al-Boraq, the line 15 was opened in November 2018 by the king of Morocco, Mohammed IV. This is the first high speed train line in the African continent. The line consists of two parts. The 186 km Tangier-Kenitra line has been constructed in accordance with the 320 km / h speed. The Kenitra-Casablanca line of 137 km corresponds to the speed of 220 km / h. Again, there are two types of electrification in this high speed train line: the 25kV-50Hz between Tengier Kenitra and the 3 kV DC catenary line between Casablanca and Kenitra have not been changed. The signaling system of the line was supplied by Ansaldo STS and Cofely Ineo. With the launch of the line at 2018, the journey time from Casablanca to Tangier has fallen from 4 hours 45 minutes to 2 hours 10 minutes. In this high speed train line, 14 Avedia Eurodeplex train sets ordered from Alstom are used.

Casablanca Tram;

As of 2019, two lines, T1 (Sidi Moumen-Lissafa) and T2 (Sidi Bernoussi-Ain Diab), consist of 47 km and 71 stations. T3 and T4 lines are planned to be opened in 2022. 20 km. and 1. The 3 km of 10 is being built by the Region Building Center. The region was built by Colas Rail. Even 2 used low-rise Alstom Citadis trams. The signal system of the lines was built by Engie Ineo and Engie Cofely.

Rabat-Sale Tram;

The line opened in 2011 is 19,5 km long and has an 31 station. The line is operated by Transdev using Alstom Citadis vehicles. 44 units are available and 22 will be delivered in 2019.

Thales;

In 2014, the Thales-Huawei-Imet consortium signed a contract to establish a GSM-R mobile communication system on seven lines of the national railway network, including the high-speed railway line between ONCF, Morocco's railway operator, and the cities of Tanger and Kenitra. Thales is the leader of this consortium and has overall project management responsibility. In 2007, Thales built the railway signaling system for the Taourirt-Béni Ansar line, and in 2009 he installed the first ETCS system on the Rabat-Casablanca line. Nouaceur-Jorf also installed a control system on the Lasfar line in 2013.

Bombardier;

Casablanca applied the Interflo 30 railway control system to the first 250 km of the Tanger-Med line.

The success of Yapı Merkezi in FAS;

The second line project of Casablanca Tramway to be realized in Morocco is the continuation of the first line constructed by Yapı Merkezi between 2010-2013 years. Yapı Merkezi received the esi Best Project of the Year Award L by LRTA for its success on the first line. The superior performance shown in the first line played an important role in delivering the Second Line Project to Yapı Merkezi.Dr. Contact Ilhami directly)

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