Data collected in national and international reports on Istanbul were compiled
For the renewed Istanbul election, 10 million 560 thousand 963 are going to the polls again to elect the Mayor of Istanbul. Millions of history, green areas and the silhouette of the destroyed city to choose the president of the 21 candidates to choose from. 15 is a mega city where millions of people live, 11 is the state-owned 51 university, and 4 million 170 registered in traffic has many problems.
How did the city that made people unhappy become like this? What is the status of Istanbul in terms of traffic, environment, unemployment, culture and art activities and quality of life? In order to find an answer to this question, the data in some national and international reports about Istanbul were compiled.
World's second in traffic
One dayAccording to Uğur Şahin, Istanbul ranks second in the list of cities with the most traffic congestion in the world. According to the report of INRIX, an expert in transport analysis, last year, a driver in Istanbul spent an average of 6,5 days a year waiting in traffic. The survey was conducted in the 38 city in the 220 country, and as a result traffic congestion in Istanbul increased 6 percent compared to the previous year.
130 in the quality of life ranking
Mercer's quality of life survey covering 231 on five continents has revealed striking data on megacities. While Vienna is the city with the highest quality of life, Istanbul has found its place in 130.
One of the most stressful cities
According to PRNet's research based on the 146 country, Istanbul has become the most stressful 30 city in the world. 2018 in the year 'Istanbul and stress' was hosting a thousand 911 news. In the news, Istanbul residents complained about the high housing and rental fees, traffic density and cost of living.
Too expensive for locals
According to The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) survey of the most expensive cities in the world; Istanbul is a cheap city for tourists and an expensive city for local citizens.
Worst score in the perimeter area
Cities; According to the 2018 report of the Mori Memorial Foundation, which examines the cultural structure, cost of living, security, environment and economic power, Istanbul 44 ranked 34 among the city. According to the report megakent, 44 as the economic power of the city was 32. In the category where the criteria such as security and cost of living play a role, Istanbul ranked 35 and received the worst score in the environmental field. Megakent is the 44 in the 40 city.
Last place in the green field
The amount of green space per person that should be at least 15 square meters in Istanbul has decreased to 5,98 square meters including areas such as intersections, cemeteries and boulevards. According to the latest report of World Cities Culture, Istanbul is in the last place among 2.2 city with its 34 green area percentage.
Air pollution is dangerous
PM10 (Particulate Matter) and SO2 (Sulfur Dioxide) are the leading cities in Istanbul. Environmental and Health Union, the information note prepared by the European pollute is not among the ten most polluted cities in Istanbul, although the air quality has reached dangerous levels, he said. The average PM in Istanbul continues to adversely affect the quality of life of Istanbul residents
7 from Europe's 1 skyscraper in Istanbul
The world's largest structure information from the data source according to Emporis Turkey completed the construction of skyscrapers in the city of Istanbul no higher than in Europe when taken into account. With these structures, Istanbul ranks 22 in the world. At least 1994 skyscrapers were built with the AKP in Istanbul where only 4 skyscrapers were located until 117. These skyscrapers overturn the silhouette symbolized by the city. The Golden Horn Meter Bridge and Suleymaniye Mosque by Mimar Sinan and the entire Golden Horn silhouette were destroyed.
Istanbul in need of neighboring water
According to the BBC's research, water scarcity is one of the city 11 Istanbul. Annual 1 billion cubic meters of Istanbul's water demand is met by 55 in Melen Stream in Düzce and 15 in Kazandere and Pabuçdere dams in Thrace. In other words, Istanbul became in need of water from neighboring provinces. Experts call for urgent abandonment of water collection basins.
1 million 101 leave thousand young people 'helpless'
Dr. According to the information compiled by Ergün Demir and Güray Kılıç; In the last 1 year in Istanbul, 500 lost jobs to a thousand people. According to Demir and Kılıç, the picture is as follows:
2.5 lives a million people in poverty under minimum wage. Young people turned away from education and employment. 6 million 200 thousand 804 employees in Istanbul are dependent on social security. In 2018, there are 18 million 1 thousand 101 people who do not have any social security, do not work, receive income and monthly income from SSI, have reached the age of 573 and are not students.
The information note prepared by the TMMOB Istanbul Provincial Coordination Board (IKK) on the state of Istanbul summarizes the events in the megacities:
Validebag: 1'inci degree natural site area, the second largest green area of the Anatolian Side, 'crazy projects' was intended to open to construction.
Seagull project: Despite the warnings that the project will harm the coastline and the city skyline, it has started to be done. The project was canceled except for the piers. The public suffered.
Sevda Hill: At the request of the King of Saudi Arabia, the IMM Assembly gave permission to the Sevda Hill for construction. Plans returned from court as a result of objections of TMMOB IKK
Yassıada: Special provisions were introduced with the law of the bag to be opened to zoning. As a result of the construction activities carried out, the natural life and cultural heritage of Yassiada was' hit can.
Haydarpaşa: The station and the port and the surrounding area wanted to be used as cruise port, trade and tourism area. As a result of the objections made the historical station of the hotel 'for now' survived.
Sulukule: With the urban transformation, the registered buildings were destroyed. With the gentrification policies, the original values of the region were destroyed.
Tarlabasi: Hundreds of neighborhoods were forcibly evacuated by urban transformation.
Kurbağalıdere: The improvement work carried out by IMM has not been completed for years.
3. Airport, Canal Istanbul and 3. 2.7 million square meters of land in Arnavutköy, at the intersection of the Bridge, was opened for construction. Destruction of historical heritage has been added to the destruction of nature for mega projects. The registered Karaköy Passenger Hall and Package Post Office were demolished for Galataport.
20 thousand football field-sized area threatened
For the first time in Channel 2011, Channel Istanbul; From the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, it threatens to create damage and splits that will irreparably affect the entire geography. While the total cost of the project is expected to be 20 billion dollars, the total cost of the project is estimated to be 100 billion dollars considering the investments such as bridges and airports. According to experts, the project will destroy the natural forest about the size of a thousand football fields 20. With the project, the balance of population and employment will be turned upside down. Due to imbalances in the construction, operation cost and payback period of the channel, the channel will cause irreparable problems.
Northern Forests were destroyed for Istanbul Airport, which was built with the Build-Operate-Transfer model and spread over an area of 7 thousand 650 square meters. 1 million trees have been cut down, the tender of the project in May 2013 52 million Cengiz-Mapa-Limak-Kolin-Kalyon partnership was given. 29 The new airport opened in October, the problems do not end. The airport is miles away from the city center. This brought with it a series of problems. The fact that the planes cannot land at the airport due to the 'wind' is still in memory.
Bridge without transportation solution
The 3 Bridge, which was allegedly built to find a solution to Istanbul traffic, was not a solution to the traffic. During the construction of bridges and connecting roads, natural areas were destroyed and forest areas and water basins were destroyed. The region was under intensive construction. In 2017, “3. We don't recognize those who say hayır no e to the bridge, ”Erdoğan described the construction of the third bridge as a suicide when he was the Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality at 1995 and said,“ This is suicide, murder. I hope this project will not. ”
Meeting areas opened for reconstruction
Following the earthquake in 1999, the designated collection areas were opened for construction. Most of the 496 assembly area was built in shopping malls, skyscrapers and residences. Currently there is 77 assembly area. Some of the emergency transportation routes, which are the routes to provide transportation in the disaster area, are used as parking lots.