📩 21/03/2019 10:18
There is a steam locomotive on display at the Burdur Train Station, which has been waiting for the passenger train for years. With the transfer of the train station in the city to the organized industry, and the implementation of the plans of the dismantling of the railway, will this steam train locomotive be removed from the place where the public train and the 'black train'?
Although 1825 was first launched in the UK in the 25 year and the 1866 was spread all over Europe during the year, it was not easy to spread even though it had entered the Ottoman Empire quite early compared to many technological innovations. The construction of the railway and the production of locomotives and wagons working on that road required the highest technology of the period. For this reason, the first railways in Anatolia could be built with the privileges given to various states. The 130 kilometer Izmir-Aydin line, built by the British initiative and launched in 1871, was the first railway in Anatolia. Outside this line, there were two more lines between Constanta-Tuna and Varna-Ruse. Sultan Abdülhamit, who looked at many innovations with suspicion, was particularly supportive of rail transport. In fact, the Ottoman government was planning to connect Istanbul to Baghdad and thus to pass the line which will link India with Europe. The construction of the Haydarpasa-Izmit line was started by 91 and the 1873 km line was completed in 8. However, the financial opportunities of the Ottoman Empire, which was already in debt, were not enough to implement such a project. For this reason, German capital came into play. 1888 October The construction and operation concession of the Izmit-Ankara part of the edifice dated 29 was transferred to the German capital and the Anatolian Ottoman Shimendifer Company. Eskisehir-Konya, the same company, the construction of the parts of the Alayunt-Kütahya was commissioned. Railway line, 1896 in July 1894 reached Konya. While the construction of the 1919 Railway continued rapidly, the Germans set up a small workshop called the Anatolian-Ottoman Company in Eskişehir in order to repair the steam locomotives and wagons. In fact, in this workshop small-scale repairs, the locomotives' boilers were sent to Germany to be repaired. The Anatolian-Ottoman company 20, which was taken over by the British during the occupation of Anatolia in 1920, was taken back by the Kuvayıump Milliye in March 20 and changed its name to Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi. This small workshop had become a big trump against the invading armies in the hands of national forces. İsmet Pasha in his memoirs: em Our first fundamental duty was to prepare the army. ”I bought the wedges of various cannons and found the wedges of the balls I found in the Eskişehir Railway Workshop and used them in Sakarya kam. 1920 July 2 Greeks into the hands of the workshop, 1922 taken back to replace a more hands in September XNUMX and the new beginning of the introduction to contemporary art in Turkey provides to the economy based on technology from the agriculture-based economy first step to be taken.
Following the victory of the National War of Independence, Atatürk declared that the struggle had just begun in the country where the struggle was not even the core of the industry by saying bulun The real war is an economic war Ulusal. Young hostile to the Republic of Turkey was still dependent on the sea shed. All the needs of the railways connecting the fields to the markets, the mines to the factories and the factories to the ports were met by Germany, Belgium, Sweden and Czechoslovakia. 1923 800 1928 reached 3 square closed area in the year to 4 until the end of the 30, bridges, railway scissors, weighing and road safety-related units were put into service and tried to reduce external dependence. Now, 1946-1951 locomotive and XNUMX passenger and freight car could be repaired annually. II. During World War II, a campaign was started in Cer Atelier. New workers were trained in six-month courses instead of first recruited workers. The day and boarding schools of the Apprentice Art Schools were opened. A handful of experts in the workshop provided complete support to railways and the army, while teaching new workers and apprentices on the one hand, and on the other hand, pursuing new projects to overcome the hardships of the harsh conditions of mobilization in our country, where there are no other industries. As a result of this superhuman sacrifice, many machine parts, even tools, which were not made before, were manufactured. Also in this period, established in Traction Workshop Resources within the house was also a center of world-class welders trained in Turkey. In XNUMX II. With the increasing production capacity of the workers who returned with World War I and the mobilization removed, Cer Workshop became a factory even though it was still a workshop. Draw Workshop on growing with the addition of a new manufacturing facility in XNUMX first mechanical scales in Turkey, was carried out without a license or know-how. Workshop institution has become one of Turkey's favorite, is now ready for a real breakthrough. Finally came the expected opportunity.
In order to increase the railway love of the people, Eskişehir Cer Workshop was instructed to produce two small steam locomotives. The locomotives were to be operated in the Youth Park in Ankara. Applicant Adnan Menderes, who attended the opening ceremony of Çukurhisar Cement Factory in Eskişehir on April 4, 1957, visited Cer Workshop on April 5. Examining the Apprentice School, especially with all its outbuildings; Meeting with artisans, trade unions, and federation delegations, Menderes then took one of the locomotives of the miniature trains "Mehmetçik" and "Efe", which were produced for the Youth Park. The applicant was so satisfied with the small locomotive; "Can you make the biggest of this locomotive if I ask for you?" asked. Cer Workshop has been waiting for this instruction for years. In 1958, The Workshop was organized under the name of Eskişehir Railway Factory for new and big targets. This goal was to manufacture the first domestic locomotive. Karakurt, who was the product of the labor of Turkish workers and engineers, from design to production in 3, after about 1961 years of work, was ready to go. Karakurt, the first Turkish steam locomotive with a power of 1915 horsepower, weighing 97 tons and capable of 70 km / h, said goodbye to the railroads in 25, 10 years earlier than the service period of 1976 years. Currently, Eskisehir in Eskisehir today TULOMSAS name of the product in the same period of Turkey's efforts to develop domestic technology revolution as a monument to Draw Workshop on display along with the car. Meanwhile, as the twin of Karakurt, the Bozkurt locomotive, which was manufactured in Sivas Cer Workshop in 1961, was retired in 25 after 1994 years of full service, and Bozkurt is displayed as a monument showing the development of the Turkish industry, just like Karakurt. After Karakurt, TÜLOMSAŞ was able to manufacture a locomotive, whose project and production is completely domestic, only in the 100th anniversary of its establishment. In 1994, without purchasing any licenses from foreign countries, DH produced 7 thousand or “Yunus Emre” type maneuvering locomotive, whose project and production is completely domestic. In 1999, the diesel hydraulic main line and maneuver locomotive of DH 9500 type, the project and production of which are completely domestic, entered service on the 105th anniversary of the facilities. (Hasan Türkel - the Burdurgazete)