Will the 'Black Train' be exhibited at the Burdur Railway Station?

The 'Black Train' Exhibited in Burdur Train Station
The 'Black Train' Exhibited in Burdur Train Station

There is a steam locomotive on display at the Burdur Train Station, which has been waiting for the passenger train for years. With the transfer of the train station in the city to the organized industry, and the implementation of the plans of the dismantling of the railway, will this steam train locomotive be removed from the place where the public train and the 'black train'?

Although railway transportation, which started in England for the first time in the world in 1825 and spread throughout Europe in 25 years, entered the Ottoman Empire quite early compared to many technological innovations, it was not easy to spread. The construction of the railway and the production of locomotives and wagons to work on that road required the highest technology of the period. For this reason, the first railways in Anatolian lands could be built with the privileges given to various states. The 1866-kilometer İzmir-Aydın line, built with the initiative of the British and put into service in 130, was the first railway in Anatolia. Apart from this line, two more lines were opened between Constanta-Tuna and Varna-Rusçuk. Sultan Abdulhamit, who was skeptical of many innovations, especially supported railway transportation. In fact, the Ottoman Government was planning to connect Istanbul to Baghdad, and thus to pass the line that would connect India with Europe through Istanbul. In 1871, the construction of the Haydarpaşa-İzmit line was started by the state and the 91 km line was completed in 1873. However, the financial means of the Ottoman State, which was already in debt, were not enough to implement such a project. Therefore, German capital stepped in. With the edict dated October 8, 1888, the construction and operation concession of the Izmit-Ankara section of the line was given to the Anatolian Ottoman Şimendifer Company with German capital. The same company built the Eskişehir-Konya, Alayunt-Kütahya sections and put them into operation. The railway line reached Konya on 29 July 1896. 1894 While the construction of the railway continued rapidly, the Germans established a small workshop called Anadolu-Ottoman Kumpanyası in Eskişehir for the repair of steam locomotives and wagons operating on the line. In fact, minor repairs are made in this workshop, the locomotives kazanThey were sent to Germany to be repaired. The Anatolian-Ottoman Company, which was captured by the British during the occupation of Anatolia in 1919, was taken back by the Kuvayi-Milliye on March 20, 1920, and its name was changed to Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi. This small workshop had become a big trump card in the hands of the national forces against the occupying armies. İsmet Pasha wrote in his memoirs: “My first fundamental duty was to prepare the army. I had the wedges of the balls that I found in the form of pipes, the wedges of which were taken in various warehouses, made in Eskişehir Railway Workshop and used them in Sakarya”. Atelier, which was captured by the Greeks on July 20, 1920, was taken back on September 2, 1922, never to change hands again, and as the beginning of the entry into modern technology in the new Turkey, the first step was taken from an agriculture-based economy to a technology-based economy.

of the National Liberation War kazanAtatürk declared that the struggle had just begun in the country where there was not even the core of the industry, by saying “The real war is the economic war”. The young Turkish Republic was still dependent on the enemy it had cast into the sea. All the needs of the railways connecting the fields to the markets, the mines to the factories, and the factories to the ports were met from Germany, Belgium, Sweden and Czechoslovakia. In Eskişehir Cer Atelier, which reached an indoor area of ​​1923 square meters in 800, units to produce bridges, railway switches, weighbridges and road safety materials were put into service until the end of 1928, and foreign dependency was tried to be reduced to some extent. Now, 3-4 locomotives and 30 passenger and freight wagons could be repaired annually. II. During World War II, a mobilization was launched in the Cer Workshop. First, new workers were trained in six-month courses, replacing the conscripted workers. Day and boarding Apprentice Art Schools were opened. A handful of specialist workers who remained in the workshop, while providing full support to the railways and the army, on the one hand, taught new workers and apprentices, on the other hand, they pursued new projects in order to overcome the difficulties caused by the difficult conditions of mobilization in our country, where there is no industry yet. As a result of this superhuman devotion, many machine parts and even tools were manufactured that had not been done before. Also in this period, the Welding House, which was established within the body of Cer Atölyesi, also became a center that trains world-class welders in Turkey. II in 1946. After the end of World War II and the abolition of mobilization, Cer Atölyesi had become a factory with its increased production capacity with the returning workers. In 1951, the first mechanical weighbridge in Turkey was manufactured in Cer Atölyesi, which grew with the addition of new facilities, without obtaining a license or know-how. Atelier, which has become one of Turkey's favorite institutions, was now ready for a real breakthrough. The long awaited opportunity has finally arrived.

In order to increase the railway love of the people, Eskişehir Cer Workshop was instructed to produce two small steam locomotives. The locomotives were to be operated in the Youth Park in Ankara. Applicant Adnan Menderes, who attended the opening ceremony of Çukurhisar Cement Factory in Eskişehir on April 4, 1957, visited Cer Workshop on April 5. Examining the Apprentice School, especially with all its outbuildings; Meeting with artisans, trade unions, and federation delegations, Menderes then took one of the locomotives of the miniature trains "Mehmetçik" and "Efe", which were produced for the Youth Park. The applicant was so satisfied with the small locomotive; "Can you make the biggest of this locomotive if I ask for you?" asked. Cer Workshop has been waiting for this instruction for years. In 1958, The Workshop was organized under the name of Eskişehir Railway Factory for new and big targets. This goal was to manufacture the first domestic locomotive. Karakurt, who was the product of the labor of Turkish workers and engineers, from design to production in 3, after about 1961 years of work, was ready to go. Karakurt, the first Turkish steam locomotive with a power of 1915 horsepower, weighing 97 tons and capable of 70 km / h, said goodbye to the railroads in 25, 10 years earlier than the service period of 1976 years. Currently, Eskisehir in Eskisehir today TULOMSAS name of the product in the same period of Turkey's efforts to develop domestic technology revolution as a monument to Draw Workshop on display along with the car. Meanwhile, as the twin of Karakurt, the Bozkurt locomotive, which was manufactured in Sivas Cer Workshop in 1961, was retired in 25 after 1994 years of full service, and Bozkurt is displayed as a monument showing the development of the Turkish industry, just like Karakurt. After Karakurt, TÜLOMSAŞ was able to manufacture a locomotive, whose project and production is completely domestic, only in the 100th anniversary of its establishment. In 1994, without purchasing any licenses from foreign countries, DH produced 7 thousand or “Yunus Emre” type maneuvering locomotive, whose project and production is completely domestic. In 1999, the diesel hydraulic main line and maneuver locomotive of DH 9500 type, the project and production of which are completely domestic, entered service on the 105th anniversary of the facilities. (Hasan Türkel - the Burdurgazete)

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