One of the priorities of the global agenda in recent months was the US decision to embark on Iran. Although this decision was suspended as a result of Iran's application to the United Nations International Court of Justice against the United States, the possibility of implementation of this resolution by the United States remains up to date in the coming days. First of all, it should be noted that; We believe the cause to be implemented by our neighbor, a country which the United States appears that these sanctions are appropriate in terms of trade firms in Turkey a number of problems and job loss. The concepts of 'sanction' or 'embargo' in the international politics and diplomacy language are described as bringing a state, a group of states, or another state through the organization to the desired line. The cause-effect relationship of these sanctions applied between countries in different geographies of the world should be established and calculated correctly. As it is known, in the recent years, the United Nations has carried out an almost 35 year-long embargo on Iran, showing international agreements and security breaches. Although the objective of the sanctions concept is generally one or more states, the impact of sanctions is not limited to the target. Intermediary institutions, related sub-sectors and the state, economic, military and political power in accordance with the global effects can also cause. When restrictions are imposed on an oil-rich state such as Iran, suppliers, intermediaries, the transport sector and the global oil market are also affected by these restrictions.
If we examine the sanctions in terms of the Turkish logistics sector; it is possible to say that there are two different results. First of all, it is necessary to mention that the logistics sector has an acceleration parallel to foreign trade. The trade volume between Turkey and our eastern neighbor Iran, in the year was around 2017 10,7 billion dollars. Turkey, including the purchase of the majority of oil and gas imports from Iran while around 7,5 billion dollars, gold, steel profiles, fiber board and perform 3 billion dollars from exports, mainly automotive industry products. 2017-2018 years of the talks between the senior representatives of the two giants 30 a billion dollars in the volume of trade was targeted.
Considering that one of the cornerstones of our country's economy is exports and of course services, it is possible to say that the sanctions imposed on Iran will have very serious consequences. Because of our country's manufacturing, textiles, construction, machinery, health and tourism has a serious manpower and knowledge. If Iran is more willing to open its market, both trade volume will increase and our deficit may decrease. If the opposite happens, that is, if the international market re-embarks on Iran, of course, the Iranian economy will suffer, but it will also harm its trading partners.
The big picture tells us that we can suffer damage from the embargo against Iran. In terms of the logistics sector, TIR fleets will be on the agenda especially in the south. We also know that there are many UTİKAD members who invested here after the end of the embargo against Iran. We are worried about the fate of Turkish logistics companies operating within the borders of Iran.
However, it is also possible to approach the situation from a different angle while experiencing all these concerns. As the Turkish logistics sector, our biggest goal is to be an international hub, transfer center. All activities of both the state and the private sector are realized within the framework of this target. At this point, Iran is perhaps our strongest opponent. "Turkey and Iran in particular is staying right in the heart of this trade in the market will be made to the Caucasian country from the Chinese market. When we think about Iran's opportunities in the transportation sector, it is more advantageous to go to Iran from Turkmenistan to Azerbaijan. At the same time, Bander Abbas Port is competing with Mersin Port as an efficient transfer center. Iran to stay out of the game in terms of Turkey's strengthening will improve the logistics sector to prefer words.
However, in spite of all these possible developments, it is necessary not to miss the narrow gorge in the energy sector. Considering that we provide 17 of our oil and natural gas imports from Iran, the embargo may cause more damage than good. (Emre ELDENER UTİKAD Chairman of the Board)