In recent years, there have been important developments in logistics in the world. One of these developments is on China, the world's new economic power. While many world brands direct all their investments to this country, they have shifted almost all of their production to this region.
The Chinese president, Shi Cinping, had attracted all the attention with a project he announced in 2013. The Silk Road Project focuses on the efforts to re-activate the Silk Road, which connects Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe.
So what does this project involve? What is Silk Road Project?
The Chinese president, Shi Cinping, announced his big project in 2013 in order to revitalize the historical Silk Road. This project included many countries from Europe to Central Asia. Within the scope of the project, it was aimed to make new railway lines, energy pipelines, sea routes and highways in Eurasia and to make logistics more rapid.
Within the scope of the project, 40 billion dollars infrastructure investments were planned to be made to Central and South Asian countries. For this, the Asian Infrastructure Bank (AİİT) was founded and was a founding member of one of these banks in Turkey. The Bank's main objective is to finance this project. The project is not only economic but also geopolitical.
Silk Road Project Applications
By the end of the year 2014 is the longest railway line in the world, and a train from Yiwu in China can reach Madrid, the capital of Spain. On the other hand, sea transportation of the project is expected to take place with a road extending from China to the Bay of Hin and the Mediterranean Sea.
Silk Road Project Implementation in Turkey
Turkey, the Silk Road Project, Borusan Logistics, using the physical assets located in Kazakhstan has mobilized this way. With this application, people and institutions who want to transport to China by using Borusan Logistics can transport their products between 14 and 18 days.
With Borusan Lojistik, you can work on Chinese logistics and solve your transactions in a short time without waiting too long.
New Silk Road = One Belt One Road
The New Silk Road is the One Belt One Road, One Generation One Road Project of China. Although movements from historical traces are similar to those shown on the map above, the Bir Birkuk Bir Yol Project is a strategic goal that connects Asia, Europe and Africa with trade and energy routes, which integrate with land railways, seaports from ports and ports to sea. The link routes of a generation project and some of the important ports are shown on the map below.
WHAT IS BELT?
The concept of generations refers to a collection of land transport networks, starting from Central China and extending from Moscow, Rotterdam to Venice, by road, railway, oil and gas pipelines and other infrastructure projects. Under the project, instead of a single route, corridors of land bridges in the direction of Asia-Europe are planned. Planned routes are:
- China Mongolia Russia
- China's Central and West Asia (Turkey remains within these corridors)
- Chinese Turkey Tile Peninsula
- China Pakistan
- China Bangladesh India Myanmar
WHAT IS ROAD?
The concept of road corresponds to the maritime network of the project. Within the scope of the project, a network of ports and other coastal structures is planned in the marine region extending from south and south east Asia to East Africa and north of the Mediterranean Sea.
The land and sea routes within the scope of the project cross the continents of Asia, Europe and Africa, allowing the Chinese economy and the developed European economy to be connected. The initiative, at the same time, thanks to the multi-faceted cooperation with other countries, China will be a central player in the solution of global problems, paving the way, said it will contribute. Chinese 'I dai, I lu' project, in terms of China's rising role in world politics and economy, will shape the next 50 year.
The establishment of the Chinese-led Shanghai Cooperation Organization in 2001 allowed China, an already great power, to establish a system of close cooperation and solidarity to an alliance system. The 2013 was announced by Chinese President Shi Cinping during his visit to Kazakhstan and Indonesia. When the Silk Road Fund and the Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank (AIIB) were added to the One-Way and One-Way initiative of the Century Marine Silk Road projects, a major economic front was opened against the US-led Atlantic system in the Asia-Pacific region.
It Ranks 65 countries including Turkey in the project. These countries are region by region:
East Asia: China, Mongolia
Southeast Asia: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Vietnam
Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan,
Middle East and North Africa: Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
South Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Europe: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine
Mid-where in the Turkey corridor, carrying date for the revival of the Silk Road. The total investment in the Middle Corridor is expected to reach 8 trillion dollars. It is stated that only 40 billion of this amount will be allocated for transportation infrastructure. In the first stage of the project for the integration of Turkey with the agreement signed between the two countries 40 billion dollars a predictable budget. The amount planned to be spent annually for investments is 750 million dollars.
Turkey, one of the alternative corridor project with geopolitical location for the OBR is located on the Central Corridor. OBR Located at a key point on the route Turkey, the strong geopolitical location, strong production and high potential of the Black Sea stands out as being an important transshipment country with rule of transportation. With mega projects such as Yavuz Sultan Selim and Osmangazi Bridges, 18 Mart Çanakkale Bridge and Eurasia Tunnel, it is an important ring that will provide important logistics and transportation opportunities to China's 'One Way One Generation' project.
China-Turkey trade cooperation projects except also showing steady growth. 2016'da import-export volume between the two countries increased 1.9 percent 27 billion 760 million dollars reached. China, xnumx'unc Turkey's largest export market and the largest import country.