Series Produced the first domestic xnumx.türkiye Car: ANADOL
Known Vehbi Koc and his interest in cars is one of the targets of Turkey was to produce its own cars. When 1946 years at Ford Motor Company's representative in Turkey, was selected, and Vehbi point to a significant adımdı.xnumx years to reach the coach's goal to realize this goal, it held talks with Ford and the work began.
There is something known that both facilities are limited and this study is quite costly. Koç Group tried to find new solutions and easy solutions. In 1963 (Automotive Group President) Bernar Nahum and Rahmi Koc saw a different material used on a dealer vehicle. The material used is 'fiberglass'. Investigating this material, Rahmi Koç went to Israel where the material company was located, because it was affordable. Fiberglass was found to be appropriate but primitive and unremarkable. It was learned that the manufacturer in Israel bought the technology from Reliant company in the UK and Fiberglass materials were used in Reliant cars. On January 1964, Bernar Nahum and Reliant's manager Raymond Wiggin met. Vehbi Koç, Rahmi Koç and Bernar Nahum After visiting Reliant's facilities in England, Tamworth / Staffordshire, the group found it suitable to work with Reliant. The order had the Prime Ministry approval for the project. The group returning to Turkey, Prime Minister's guidance on the Mechanical and Chemical Industry asked for approval. However, MKE's technical staff did not receive approval. Reason being, is an automobile manufactured by a new production system in Turkey has shown unknown. If the approval of the project could not be made that the government change was a great hope.
Vehbi Koç was eager to start the work despite the lack of approval. He wanted to get a prototype and show the prototype to the government officials in Ankara at the earliest opportunity. In principle, the prototype was two-door and the engine, gearbox and differential were taken from Ford. The design of the vehicle belongs to David Ogle. Anadol, the company's chief designer, was designed by Tom Karen.
The new government's Minister of Industry, Mehmet Turgut, went to England in 1965 to inform the prototype of the project. Although the prototype was not fully prepared, test pilots started off and the UK came to Istanbul at 63 hours. 22 December 1965 approved the project for the day. Of course, if the project ends in 10 months and the cost does not exceed 30 thousand liras.
The official application was made at 10 January 1966 and production started. In the meantime, a survey was started for the project name. He had more than two thousand names. Veko, Anadolu, Anadol, Otosan .. The meeting was decided to be ANADOL. In December 19 1966 promise has been fulfilled and Turkey's first domestic mass-produced car "Anadol 'was ready. Anadol, which was produced first, consisted of a two-door, 1.2-liter Ford engine.
Ultimately, Vehbi Koç's goal of producing a domestic automobile was realized. In time Anadol 1984 produced more with new models over time took its place in the history of cars. Anadol, which still attracts great attention today, is used in small cities of Anatolia and special days.
2.First Turkish Car: Revolution
16 1961 20 29 1.400.000 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX The subject of the meeting was to give the task of 'Developing an automobile type which will meet the needs of the army'. With the knowledge and experience it possessed under the project, its strong technical staff and its cooperation with other factories, TCDD could be lifted. The time allocated for the project is four and a half months and it is stated that the last day is XNUMX October. The aim was to educate the Republic Day celebrations. The budget was allocated as XNUMX TL. Both the press news and the public did not find it appropriate to spend this budget on this car. The idea of making a domestic car from scratch Sıfır
How did the 'Revolution Project' Advance?
In the meeting, the venue where the project will be realized was determined and the building which was constructed as a foundry in Eskişehir Railway Factory was considered suitable. The work as a team was started quickly, and we tried to start to complete it within the given time. The engineers involved in the project did not only work during working hours, but even on weekdays and even on weekends. The time was too narrow, so things were divided into groups. Design, engine-transmission, bodywork, suspension and brake, electrical equipment, foundry works, procurement and cost accounts groups.
28 was ready to be presented in October as 'Revolution'. From Eskişehir to Ankara, the car was transported by steam locomotives to the Ankara Railway Factory. Gas was put into the cars for the test drive.
29 On the morning of October the vehicle was brought before the Assembly. However, the gas that was put on the road was consumed and drivers who were not aware of the situation came without gasoline on the road. The situation was noticed in front of Parliament, but the gas that was brought in urgently was put in only one car. Cemal Gürsel joined the other car and got on this vehicle. On the road to Anıtkabir, the car was finished and Cemal Gürsel was asked to go to the first vehicle. Gürsel'in came to the car at the Atatürk Mausoleum said, 'You've made a car with the Western head, but you have forgotten the supply of gas with the eastern head,' the text of the headlines in the history of the headline was buried.
Only the 4 of 1 revolution, which has brought a nationwide sound, has survived. Turkey Locomotive and Engine Industry Inc.-TULOMSAS-in Eskişehir 'Revolution' is still work in the state is also open to visitors.
Who is 3.Nuri Demirağ?
Nuri Demirağ Republic of Turkey is one of the first contractors in the construction of railways. Turkey's 10 thousand km rail network has realized the construction of 1250 km long section. For this reason, he was given the surname ağ Demirağ ağ by Atatürk. establishment of the first airplane factory in Turkey, the first cigarette paper manufacturing, firsts such as the first local parachute production, also made a bridge over the Bosphorus in Istanbul, Koban bringing the first raised the idea of making a large dam is the person Nuri Demirağ. In addition to these achievements, the most important step has been taken in the field of aviation.
Nuri Demirağ took the first step in the name of aviation in 1936. The target was to build an aircraft factory. Selahattin Reşit Alan and they started joint works. First of all, 17 September 1936 was established in Besiktas, Beside the Barbaros Hayrettin Pier and the d Nuri Demirağ Besiktas Tayyare Atölyesi Hay was established. In the meantime, the Turkish Aeronautical Association (THK) 10 school aircraft and 65 ordered gliders.
In August 1941, he flew to Divriği, the birthplace of Nuri Bey, with the first domestic Turkish plane made in the Istanbul factories. The public's appreciation kazanThis time, Nuri Bey proved his success to the public by flying a fleet of 12 aircraft on the route of Bursa, Kütahya, Eskişehir, Ankara, Konya, Adana, Elazığ and Malatya in September. The passenger plane, which was designed in 1938 and therefore code is 'Nu.D.38', is a Turkish type aircraft that was developed entirely by Turkish engineers and workers. The aircraft has a capacity of 6 people, dual pilot control, can reach a speed of 325 kilometers per hour and fly 1000 kilometers. Despite these successes, the Turkish Aeronautical Association gave up on purchasing these planes that Nuri Demirağ had ordered for his factories. They cited the lack of timely delivery as the reason. Thus, Nuri Demirağ and his aviation achievements could not go beyond being the subject of history.
xnumx.türkiye First Locomotive: Karakurt
5 April 1957 Adnan Menderes who visited the Ceramics Workshop in Eskişehir, made interviews with all the staff of the factories and made the necessary investigations. He also visited the Apprentice's School and had meetings with craftsmen, Trade Unions and Federation Delegations. In the workshop, there were two miniature locomotives produced in Ankara Youth Park. These are Mehmetçik and Efe. Adnan Meneres ride one of the locomotives and said he was very satisfied with the work done.
On top of this, 'Can you make the biggest of this locomotive?' in fact, he laid the foundation of a very important innovation. The target was to produce Karakurti. In 1958, Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi, Eskişehir Railway Factory was made suitable for achieving more innovative targets. In 1961, the first Turkish steam locomotive was ready to be put on Karakurt rails as a result of the work of Turkish workers and engineers. The locomotive 1915 had horsepower, 97 weight and 70 km / h. 3 year of construction was completed in a period of approximately 25 year 15 years of service has been appropriate. But Karakurt, XNUMX farewell to railways after years. Today, it is exhibited in Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi, which is named as TÜLOMSAŞ in Eskişehir.
Our First Real Missile: Marmara-5 Missile
In the 1959, Bandırma Şehit Gönenç High School students, who were very impressed by sending Sputnik I into space, formed a club called 'Bandırma Missile Club' by Artuğ Sayıner, Adnan Zambak, Güngör Gezer, Osman Caran and Atilla Yedikardeşler. The target is to accomplish the missile project and to fly. The team started to work quickly, but they didn't succeed in any of them. The first trial 10 was carried out in October 1959, but the 'Bernark' type missile that could rise in the 40 meter fell into the sea. The second trial shot was made the same year but the missile could only rise to 15. These works were ridiculed, but the club did not abandon the work. A third attempt was made at 10 February 1960. The two-storey missile, prepared for the third attempt, dropped into the sea after taking off 750 meters and brought failure. However, since it was more successful than others, it was mentioned in the journals about space studies and rocketry in America, the Netherlands and Italy. Voice of America Radio faithful representative of Turkey Hatay, was interviewed by füzeci on. These developments gave hope to young people, made their voices heard better.
Kirkor Divarcı, a member of the Bandırma Missile Club, prepared a project and submitted the project to the Istanbul Technical University for approval. After the approval of the project, they started the project by presenting them to the Turkish Armed Forces. The resulting missile 1 meter 33 centimeter tall, 1 weight weighed 500 grams. There was a Turkish flag on it. 'Marmara-30', which was tested in 1962 August 1, was thrown into the sky in Küçük Livatya location of Bandırma. The missile reached the height of the 900 meter. The press followed by a crowd of people and a mass of people watched the fire of the parachute cell 20 minutes postponed. During the launch, the second part of the missile fired and exploded. The pieces of the rocket falling down the 200 meter led to the burning of a five-acre field of grass and bushes. Although the negative criticism of this trial, there were supporters.
Missile missiles were fired near 20 in missile construction. However, Marmara-1 was the most successful. Although there were technical failures and bad luck, Marmara-I was the first real missile that pushed the sky. This success also gave hope to those who continue their missile work.
6.First Turkish Aircraft: Vecihi K-VI
Vecihi Hürkuş duy Vecihi… We have heard so many times that name. And who is this Vecihi Hürkuş? Vecihi Hürkuş, who has an important place in the history of Turkish aviation, is the first person to manufacture the first Turkish aircraft in 1924. This plane was called 'Vecihi K-VI'.
How is 'Vecihi K-VI' Made?
Vecihi Hürkuş carried out support flights during the War of Independence and World War I. Inspired by these flights, he wanted to realize the idea of airplanes. He submitted his draft airplane project to Colonel Muzaffer Bey, Air Force Inspector of the period. And the aircraft was approved. Halkapınar Tayyare Workshop is suitable for the project. The carpenter and his blacksmith friends also supported Vecihi. The team, which started to work together, used domestic materials in all other parts of the aircraft except the engine. However, as engines, they used the engines of the Greek aircraft remaining from the war. 14 28 1925 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX
Vecihi asked for a technical delegation to obtain a flight certificate. The delegation was created, but the delegation could not issue certificates due to lack of staff and engineers with the knowledge to carry out the controls. The head of the technical delegation 'Vecihi, we can not give you this license, if you trust the plane jump, and save us the tip' on the words jumped to Vecihi plane and made the first flight. Due to international standards, the first test flight was 15 minutes, so we landed on the ground by performing a full 15 minute flight with Vecihi K-VI. Vecihi is a pilot in the Air Force during the flight of the K-VI. Successfully completing the flight, Vecihi was sentenced for unauthorized flights while waiting to be rewarded. Moreover, the person who punished was also the Colonel Muzaffer Bey. Finally, his plane was confiscated not to be given again, and he resigned from the Air Force.
Vecihi, '1923 year, world aviation was at the stage of technical evolution and in scientific research. The discoveries and incomplete training of the necessities of World War I stopped and the possibilities of the aerospace industry to be studied within the principles of education began to be investigated. This progress was a progression in world aviation technology. ' with the words that the aerospace field is not at all left behind proved to everyone.
What are the technical characteristics of Vecihi K-VI?
|Type:||Vecihi K-VI Reconnaissance Aircraft|
|Engine:||Benz brand, 6 Cylinder water cooled, 200 Bg|
|Full width:||11.700 M|
|Full length:||7.610 M|
|Full height:||3.00 M|
|Wing conveying surface:||31.800 M2|
|Empty weight:||830 Kg|
|Crew:||160 Kg. (Double)|
|Liquid fuel:||200 Kg|
|Full flight weight:||1270 Kg|
|Canada Falling Weight:||40 Kg./M|
|Weight falling to motor force:||7,70 Kg. / BG|
|Highest speed:||207 Km./Hours|
|Travel speed:||188 Km./Hours|
|Strap speed:||83 Km./Hours|
|Propeller Diameter:||2850 Mm|
|Pevanehatve of:||2740 Mm.|
Source : I www.ilhamipektas.co