Yunus Yener, Chairman of the Board of TMMOB Chamber of Mechanical Engineers, made a press statement on 22 July 2004 on 41 July 81 20 on July 2018, XNUMX on XNUMX.
PAMUKOVA AND OTHER RAILWAY MUNICIPALITIES OFFERED BY Y ACCIDENT ”WILL BE CAUSED BY THE PURPOSE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES REQUIREMENTS
22 The death of our 2004 citizen on July 41 continues to mirror the problems in railway policies, as the UM accident X of the Pamukova high-speed train (YHT), which led to the injury of our 81 citizen, is again seen in this month's 8 with UM accident mas in Tekirdağ-Çorlu.
The need for an integrated transport system based on reliable, balanced, community benefit is felt more and more today. However, transportation policies are in the opposite direction. The current transportation system presents a more unstable, unsecured, expensive and unhealthy structure as we witness every day. For this reason, our Chamber needs to draw attention to the reasons and railway policies that lead to Pamukova and other railway politik accidents Bu.
Many of the personel accidents düşüş that led to mass deaths, such as scientists, expert colleagues and expert reports show that the requirements of the engineering sciences are not fulfilled, lack of infrastructure, lack of ground survey work, maintenance-repair, lack of renovation work, quality decrease in personnel structure and numerical reduction due to being experienced. These problems have been pointed out in the Report of the Truth of Transport in Public Transportation. As it has been determined in our report, railways have been put into the second plan since the 1950s due to road-weighted transportation policies.
Railway line lengths provide important data in this respect. The 4.136 km of the railway conventional lines was made before the proclamation of the Republic, the 3.746 km was between 1923-1950. At the end of 2017 there is a total line length of 1.213 km including 12.608 km YHT. So 68 has been built 4.726 km railway per year. 1923-1950 period compared with the possibilities of amenities that today Turkey today can be understood how little importance is given to the railways. Although YHT is a requirement, it is mainly used in passenger transportation and image / prestige axis.
An important comparison can also be made over passenger and freight transport. 1950'da 42,2'da passenger transport in our country, 49,9'i by rail, 55,1'i by road; 17,1 by rail was carried out by rail and 90 by road. Today, approximately 1 of passenger and freight transport is done by road. Railway passenger transport decreased to 4 and rail freight transport to XNUMX.
On the other hand, the cost of railway construction is 8 floor in plain land according to highway and 5 is more economical in medium rough terrain. While the ratio of the railways in the total energy consumption is 2, the energy consumption of the highways is over 80. When these data are evaluated together with environmental pollution and noise factors, the importance of railway transportation in terms of economy, energy efficiency, land use and environmental health is clearly seen.
Railway management requires a centralized planning from investment to maintenance, renovation, staffing, training and the construction of new lines. But BOOZ, ALLEN-HAMILTON, CANAC, EUROMED etc. 162 annual railway acquisitions are liquidated according to the policies prepared by the organizations and the EU liberalization policies and the restructuring policy of TCDD.
In accordance with this program, TCDD is fragmented and marketed, market approach has been adopted instead of public service approach, engineering services and criteria have been restricted, technical excellence approach has been abandoned, infrastructure, maintenance, signalization, electrification investments have been neglected, maintenance workshops have been closed and reduced, TCDD's properties and ports have been sold Employees were subject to precarious working conditions, the number of 2000 on 47.212 2017 17.747 39 XNUMX XNUMX, thousands of roads and the number of maintenance workers on the lines of the maintenance paralegals need to fall to XNUMX.
In short, public service is liquidated by the process of commercial and public transportation, with the benefit of public and community benefits, commercialization of highways, airlines, maritime and railway operations and weakening of railway operations.
However, a correct rail policy is based on other factors such as land, life span, safety, energy efficiency, environment, and public service and public service perspective. In this context, all privatizations, municipalities and third parties should be stopped for all transportation and infrastructure, vehicles, land, facilities, enterprises and real estate in railways.
Disassembling of TCDD, disabling political staff, and dismantling expert staff at all levels should be terminated.
TCDD's personnel shortage, which is caused by wrong policies, should be eliminated within the professional and technical criteria, not the political, the criteria of the engineering sciences and the competent staff should be given importance, the out-of-service maintenance-repair shops and all facilities should be re-functionalized.
TCDD should cooperate with universities and professional chambers for the training of qualified personnel.
In order to evaluate the idle capacities in railway modes, operational improvements should be made and all lines affecting transportation safety should be repaired in a serious and complete manner and the electrification and signaling requirements should be met.