The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway (BTK), which was put into operation last year, contributed to the emergence of new and new international economic projects. Nowadays, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Georgia, Iran, Afghanistan, they continue to share some countries of the experts' opinions and thoughts about the importance of joining the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars line, including including Central Asian countries of China. In this regard, the world's leading MASS Media (Mass Media) is written in continuous successive analytical articles. Azerbaijani President Aliyev as saying: "Baku-Tbilisi-Kars means the restoration of the historic Silk Road and a portion of that of China, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, will use European countries. The North-South transport corridor will connect India, Pakistan, Iran, Azerbaijan, Russia and European countries. Azerbaijan is an active participant in both projects and a country that provides its own financial resources ”.
one of the XXI important project of the century, and only Azerbaijan, Georgia and not to Turkey, to be able to play the role of bridge between them and the people and the country, which is transformed into a strategic advent route to Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway Eurasia. At present, there is no such a pioneering country in Eurasia, so that it has not revised its use of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway in its transport system.
For information, 2017 30 In October, Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway was inaugurated in Baku International Maritime Trade Port. Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev at the ceremony, first lady Mehriban Aliyeva, the Republic of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan Prime Minister Recep and his wife Emine Erdogan, Kazakhstan Prime Minister Bakıtj the Saqintayev, Prime Minister of Georgia Giorgi Kvirikaşvil of the Republic of Uzbekistan's Prime Minister Abdullah Aripov, also attended Tajikistan and Turkmenistan ceremony, the delegation of the republic.
Azerbaijan, neighboring countries with a total of more than xnumx't Georgia and Turkey. A few of them are common neighbors. Each of these countries favors further expansion of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars entry-exit opportunities through its border neighbors. At least nowadays, transit transport has such a great power in economic resurrection that there is no alternative that can compensate. On the other hand, the railway line has been continuously defeated by air, ship, automobile transportation in all periods since its establishment. Even in the first and second world wars, railways were known as strategic military power.
Professor Ali Hasanov: “Azerbaijan's global position is now becoming clearer in Europe. Azerbaijan plays an important role in Europe's energy security. Azerbaijan is the author of a number of global energy and transport projects. Azerbaijan became a logistics center. Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan, oil, Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum natural gas pipelines, Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, TANAP, TAP projects were realized especially with the initiative of Azerbaijan and the support of friends. We made jointly with the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway to Turkey. We managed to connect East and West with the railway. Previously, it was only before 35-40 began to move loads from China to Europe, but now only 14 days. Now Azerbaijan is pulling a railway in the same way as Iran and Russia. Azerbaijan is at the center of these roads. We want Azerbaijan to be the center of the world. All these achievements Azerbaijan has achieved in the last 20 years ”.
It should be noted that the basis of 2007 21 November Georgia's Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway is laid down in the village of Maraba Bosphorus in railway construction of tunnels, Trans-European and Trans-Asian Railway networks combining the cargo and passengers directly from Azerbaijan, Georgia and passing through the territory of Turkey in Europe and Asia is the steel motorway that provides the exit. In the successful completion of the decade-long construction works, President Aliyev steel showed political will. The political excuses and financial and technical barriers that were put forward to prevent this project have been resolved with determination.
According to the latest data, it will be possible to travel from Azerbaijan to Kars for one day and to Istanbul for two and a half days. The first stage will cover the land transport of passengers up to Turkey's Kars city. Of course, the technical conditions must be paid first. According to the official explanation for this: "The technical requirements from the one shot, in the territory of Azerbaijan railway track size mm 1520, 1435 MMA equals the territory of Turkey. Geçiş To change from one dimension to another, wheel pairs are required to be changed, or to be automated. ”
According to the data of Demir Azerbaijan Railways Kapalı (Azerbaijan Closed Sehmdar Cemiyyetini), “Stadler İsviçre of Switzerland has now been ordered to prepare wagons suitable for this demand. Only when moving from one country to another, the movement of the trains can be carried out without wasting time for changing wheels and without changing from one dimension to another. At the same time, new types of wagons are needed to transport passengers. These wagons were also ordered to the ler Stadler ”company, and delivery of the wagons is likely to be lifted by May of next year.
On the basis of the facts and considerations outlined above, we know that the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway is in Eurasia as well as a corridor for the intercontinental transport system. Because this corridor has direct access to the Black Sea, Mediterranean and Caspian basin ports. North-South transport corridor, Baku International Sea Trade Port, TRANSXƏZƏ project, including Turkey's rapidly across the railroad Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway's decisions about diversification sets new perspective.
They linked the development of the historical railway with the industrial revolution. However, as the world developed, it was able to gain the status of life safety in the steel motorways transportation system. In fact, there is no second vehicle to transport humanitarian aid and daily necessities to housing, as well as to natural disaster areas, as large as the railway, which can be deployed quickly and at reasonable prices. In addition, the railway has special facilities for the transportation of heavy industrial vehicles, heavy vehicles and car-mechanisms used in the construction of highways, bridges and tunnels, fuel and rubble oils, spare parts, construction materials and large large-scale land.
Likewise, steel motorways have always been needed to transport heavy vehicles used in military drills and import-export military industrial products.
In order to describe the general content of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway more clearly, we can give the organization of panels related to this international corridor in international conferences, symposiums and forums held in various countries in recent years. For example, take place in Istanbul, Turkey in November last year, the Islamic Cooperation Organization and Economy Standing Committee for Commercial Relations (COMCEC) in the framework of 33-ci Ministerial Meeting, "The development of private transnational transport corridor" was made special session on. In this session, he was particularly interested in Dakar port - Sudan railway project, “One line - one road” initiative and Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) projects. The session highlighted the challenges for the realization of the projects, the better functioning of these corridors and the negotiation of possible cooperative relations between the countries on the route.
In November of last year, 30 was mentioned in the speeches at the VII meeting of the Ministers of Economy of the member states of the Turkic Speaking States Cooperation Council (TKDIK) in Istanbul in November. The international economic projects that are being carried out have shared ideas to bring the economic rise to a dynamic point. They shared their views and opinions on other possibilities. Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, the largest port in the Caspian basin, Baku International Maritime Trade Port and other international economic projects have been highly evaluated. It is stated that Turkish-speaking countries can make new contributions to development opportunities by benefiting from historical chance to benefit from these projects and participate in projects that are in perspective. The parties found the opportunities for cooperation relations positive.
In addition, in October of last year, in the Italian city of Rome, the Turkish Cultural Center - the Italian representative of the Yunus Emre Institute, the organizasyon Fondazione Ugo Spirito e Renzo De Felice ”Foundation and the organizasyon Eurosis Consulting” joint organization organized a conference on the “New Silk Road: Economic and cultural network” Edited. Azerbaijan's Roman ambassador, Mehmet Ahmedzade, spoke of the role of Azerbaijan in the restoration of the Silk Road and said that Turkey plays a strategic bridge role between East and West.
Speaking at the international conference on "Azerbaijan-China economic cooperation" held in China in September last year, the vice president of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, academic Isa Habipbeyli, stated that the "One line - one road" project carried out in China It is one of its economic priorities. Baku-Tbilisi-Kars, which will unite the East and West, is the iron Silk Road of XXI century. Considered to be one of the leading countries in the world according to its economic development, China is both Eastern and Western. rönesansIt has been one of the centers of I. The historical Silk Road played a big role in China's development. At the center of the Old Silk Road is Azerbaijan.
Following this idea was dropped instead of remembering Ahmet Arslan's description ministers from Turkey. He said: ası One of our main goals is the implementation of trade from China to Europe through the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line ”.
The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway potential and opportunities were also seriously addressed at the International Ankara Forum on Başarı The Case of Success of Regional Cooperation: Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway düzenlen held in Ankara in February this year. Azerbaijan's Ambassador Khazar Ibrahim form of TC Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communications Deputy Minister Coşkun Yüksel heart, Azerbaijan National Assembly Deputy Aydin Huseynov, Chairman of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey-Azerbaijan Interparliamentary Friendship Group Prof. Dr. Necdet Ünüvar, member of the Turkish Grand National Assembly Selahaddin Beyribey, Rector of Cappadocia University. Dr. Hasan Ali Karasar, Chairman of Eco-Eurasia Hikmet Eren and others expressed their thoughts on the issue. In the speeches, the perspectives of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway were analyzed. Reportedly, the European integration process and accelerate the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum projects from After Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia third major projects carried out in XXI basis of the century "Silk Road" that names the winner of "Baku-Tbilisi-Kars" railway project not only three peoples, but three countries, they play the role of bridges between the people and the country. This project is currently considered as one of the most important indicators of regional cooperation.
Taking into consideration the exceptional importance of the People's Republic of China (PRC) to participate in the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, it should be noted that China Central Television (CCT), one of the leading media organizations of the People's Republic of China, the national news agency Sinhua, the official min Renmin Ribao ”newspaper , China International Radio, State Council Information Office news portal, “China Daily” newspaper, the Chinese, English and Russian Azerbaijani delegation visited the country in February this year and the “Line and Road” initiative. Rolü The role of the Caspian East-West Trade and Transit Corridor. In the materials, the history of the relations between the two countries in various fields, the current development level of advanced cooperation aspects, Azerbaijan's restoration of the old Silk Road, especially China's “Line and Road” strategy has been mentioned in the contribution to the implementation. According to Azerbaijani economy minister Sahin Mustafayev, 2016 transported more than 1 million tonnes of cargo between China and Europe in 100. The main goal of our country is to provide the transportation of 10-15 through Azerbaijan.
Finally, the following points should also be noted that the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway subject only Azerbaijan, Turkey and Georgia "MASS Media" s are not limited to being the leading subject. The writings on this steel highway have already crossed the boundaries and become the subject of M International MASS Media.. For example, Spain's "La Vanguardia" in the publication, "Global Risk Insights" report of the analytical center of Turkey's Wise People's Strategic Research Center (in BILGESAM) site, Argentina's "Tela" and the news portal of Paraguay's IP agencies, Uruguay The analytical articles published in "El Observador" make very interesting judgments.
Source : ekoavrasya.net