Turkey's first locomotive Karakurt: Starting for the first time in England in 1825 years 25 the world and spread all over Europe in rail transport, even though it was not easy spread quite early compared to many technological innovations have entered the Ottoman Empire. The construction of the railway and the production of locomotives and wagons working on that road required the highest technology of the period. For this reason, the first railways in Anatolia could be built with the privileges given to various states. The 1866 kilometer Izmir-Aydin line, built by the British initiative and launched in 130, was the first railway in Anatolia. Outside this line, there were two more lines between Constanta-Tuna and Varna-Ruse. Sultan Abdülhamit, who looked at many innovations with suspicion, was particularly supportive of rail transport. In fact, the Ottoman government was planning to connect Istanbul to Baghdad and thus to pass the line which will link India with Europe.
The construction of the Haydarpasa-Izmit line was started by 1871 and the 91 km line was completed in 1873. However, the financial opportunities of the Ottoman Empire, which was already in debt, were not enough to implement such a project. For this reason, German capital came into play. 8 October The construction and operation concession of the Izmit-Ankara part of the edifice dated 1888 was transferred to the German capital and the Anatolian Ottoman Shimendifer Company. Eskisehir-Konya, the same company, the construction of the parts of the Alayunt-Kütahya was commissioned. Railway line, 29 in July 1896 reached Konya. While the construction of the 1894 Railway continued rapidly, the Germans set up a small workshop called the Anatolian-Ottoman Company in Eskişehir in order to repair the steam locomotives and wagons. In fact, in this workshop small-scale repairs, the locomotives' boilers were sent to Germany to be repaired. The Anatolian-Ottoman company 1919, which was taken over by the British during the occupation of Anatolia in 20, was taken back by the Kuvayıump Milliye in March 1920 and changed its name to Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi. This small workshop had become a big trump against the invading armies in the hands of national forces. İsmet Pasha in his memoirs: em Our first fundamental duty was to prepare the army. ”I bought the wedges of various cannons and found the wedges of the balls I found in the Eskişehir Railway Workshop and used them in Sakarya kam. 20 July 1920 Greeks into the hands of the workshop, 2 taken back to replace a more hands in September 1922 and the new beginning of the introduction to contemporary art in Turkey provides to the economy based on technology from the agriculture-based economy first step to be taken.
After the National War of Independence was won, Atatürk declared that the struggle had just begun in the country where the struggle was not even the core of the industry by saying ğı The real war is an economic war Ulusal. Young hostile to the Republic of Turkey was still dependent on the sea shed. All the needs of the railways connecting the fields to the markets, the mines to the factories and the factories to the ports were met by Germany, Belgium, Sweden and Czechoslovakia. 1923 800 1928 reached 3 square closed area in the year to 4 until the end of the 30, bridges, railway scissors, weighing and road safety-related units were put into service and tried to reduce external dependence. 1946-1951 locomotives and XNUMX passenger cars and freight cars could be repaired. II. During World War II, a campaign was started in Cer Atelier. New workers were trained in six-month courses instead of first recruited workers. The day and boarding schools of the Apprentice Art Schools were opened. A handful of experts in the workshop provided complete support to railways and the army, while teaching new workers and apprentices on the one hand, and on the other hand, pursuing new projects to overcome the hardships of the harsh conditions of mobilization in our country, where there are no other industries. As a result of this superhuman sacrifice, many machine parts, even tools, which were not made before, were manufactured. Also in this period, established in Traction Workshop Resources within the house was also a center of world-class welders trained in Turkey. In XNUMX II. With the increasing production capacity of the workers who returned with World War I and the mobilization removed, Cer Workshop became a factory even though it was still a workshop. Draw Workshop on growing with the addition of a new manufacturing facility in XNUMX first mechanical scales in Turkey, was carried out without a license or know-how. Workshop institution has become one of Turkey's favorite, is now ready for a real breakthrough. Finally came the expected opportunity.
CAN YOU DO THEM?
In order to increase the love of the people's railway, Eskişehir Cer Workshop was instructed to produce two small steam locomotives. The locomotives were to be operated at Youth Park in Ankara. 4 April 1957 Adnan Menderes attended the opening ceremony of the Çukurhisar Cement Plant in Eskişehir and 5 visited the Cer Workshop in April. All the factory outbuildings of the factory, especially the Apprentice School; Menderes met with artisans, trade unions and federation delegations, and then got into one of the locomotives of üret Mehmetçik Gençlik and es Efe ler miniature trains produced for Youth Park. The applicant was so pleased with the small locomotive; . Can you do the biggest of this locomotive? Abilir he asked. The Cer Workshop was already waiting for this instruction for years. In 1958, the workshop was organized for new and large targets under the name Eskişehir Railway Factory. This goal was to manufacture the first domestic locomotive. After nearly 3 years of work, in the year of 1961, Karakurt, which was the work of Turkish workers and engineers, was ready to set off. 1915 horsepower, 97 tons of weight, 70 km / h speed capable of the first Turkish steam locomotive Karakurt, 25 10 year of service foreseen in the year, 1976 farewell to railways in the year. Currently, Eskisehir in Eskisehir today TULOMSAS name of the product in the same period of Turkey's efforts to develop domestic technology revolution as a monument to Draw Workshop on display along with the car. Meanwhile, as the twin of Karakurt, the Bozkurt locomotive manufactured at 1961 in Sivas Cer Workshop was also retired in 25 after serving a full year at 1994. Bozkurt was also exhibited as a monument showing the development of Turkish industry at his birth place like Karakurt. TULOMSAS, Karakurt's project and production is a completely local locomotive production, but the establishment of 100. year. In 1994, he bought the DH 7 bin, or the so-called adan Yunus Emre lisans type maneuvering locomotive, which was completely local and whose project was completely local, without purchasing any licenses from foreign countries. In the year of 1999, DH 9500 type diesel hydraulic main line and maneuvering locomotive which is completely domestic project and production was put into service on the anniversary of 105.