The Hejaz Railway was made with the donations of the Islamic World: The Hejaz Railway, which was built with money from the campaign organized by Sultan Abdulhamit's first donation, was completed with great sacrifices of the Islamic world.
Sultan, the Ottoman Empire's most discussed, but the great innovations adopted by the Sultan. Hijaz Railway, the largest project of Abdülhamit, was first launched in Medina on 1908 August of 27.
The Hijaz Railway, considered the last major project of the caliphate, envisaged laying a railway network from Istanbul to Medina. The cost of the railway was calculated as 4 million pounds. This figure corresponded to almost the 20 of the state budget, and it seemed impossible to pay. Sultan Abdülhamit launched the first donation from the personal property of the project and launched a big campaign. In order to collect these aid by the Islamic world in a single hand, the ası Hicaz Intelligence Line yardım was established. The campaign attracted great attention not only in the Ottoman lands, but also in the entire Islamic world.
Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Russia, China, Singapore, Netherlands, South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Javanese, Sudan, Pretoria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Skopje, Plovdiv, Constanta, Cyprus, Vienna, England, Germany and America donated for the construction. Even the Muslims, Germans, Jews and many Christians even donated. Aids came from state administrators, such as the Moroccan Emir, the Shah of Iran, and the Emir of Bukhara.
The Hijaz railway project was welcomed with enthusiasm in the Islamic World. Ottoman, Indian In the Iranian and Arab press, the hicaz railway had been the subject with the greatest focus for months. The newspaper Sabah, published in Istanbul, referred to the railway as the most spectacular work of the holy line and the caliph.
Construction of the Hejaz Railway started at October 1903. German engineer Meissner was at the forefront of the technical works of the railway, but a significant portion of the engineers were among the Ottoman nations, despite the presence of German engineers. In the Hejaz Railway construction, 2 bin 666 masonry bridge and culvert, seven iron bridges, nine tunnels, 96 station, seven ponds, 37 water reservoir, two hospitals and three workshops were held. Workers, soldiers, officers working in the railway construction worked with great sacrifices against the negativities such as hot, thirst, bandit attacks.
II. Abdul Hamid showed a great example of delicacy and the noisy lands in the holy lands Hz. He wanted Muhammad to not disturb his great spirit. For this purpose, work was continued by laying felt under the rails. During the studies, attention was paid to use sound locomotives in the region.
The construction of the railway was first started between Damascus and Der'a. Maan was reached in 1903 in Amman, 1904. A branch line from the Maan to the Gulf of Aqaba was made to go to the Red Sea, but the British could not be realized as a result of opposition. Haifa Railway, which was previously given to a British company, was purchased with construction materials and was completed at 1905 and connected to Derya, from the valley of Yermuk to Haifa. Thus, the Hejaz Railway reached the Mediterranean. Haifa, which was a small town at the beginning of the historical Akka city until then, has evolved with the construction of the Hicaz railway and port and has become an important transportation hub of the region today.
After the arrival of the railway to Maan, a business administration was established by separating the construction and the operation works and the first time in the 1 1905 1 began to carry passengers and goods. In the same year Mudevvera'ya and 1906 September 27 reached the Medâyin-i Sâlih'e. After this point, the whole construction was carried out by Muslim engineers, technicians and workers. to el-varıllâ and finally to Medina. The first train with the ceremony 1908 August XNUMX'dan Damascus, leaving the Damascus-Medina line was opened. The fact that the line was finished in such a short time caused a great surprise in the western world.
Hijaz Railway, which has a total of one thousand 464 kilometers up to that date, is the successor of the throne of Sultan Abdülhamit 33. 1, which is an anniversary of 1908, was fully opened with an official ceremony on September XNUMX. The Hejaz Railway was used extensively until the First World War.
II. The 18, known as the 'Hamidiye Hijaz Railway X until the abdication of Abdul Hamid, and 1909 from January 1918, surpassed the thousand 900 at 16. Fahreddin Pasha, commander of the Medina of the Armistice of Mondros 7. According to the specifications signed in January 1919 XNUMX in the delivery and evacuation of Medina in accordance with the specifications of the Ottoman sovereignty over the Hejaz Railway had vanished. Mukaddes Trusts, located in Medina, was able to move to Istanbul through the Hejaz Railway line with the great efforts of Fahreddin Pasha.
In spite of its short life, the Hejaz Railway has produced significant military, political, economic and social consequences. The graduates of the Engineering School which was not employed in the railroads made by foreign capital was the first experience and training place of many Turkish engineers.
The foundation of the knowledge, skills and experience necessary for the construction of the Republic Railways was provided by the Hejaz Railway and there were too many technical staff to be highly respected. The Hijaz Railway, which facilitated the communication of the Ottoman Empire with that region, also facilitated the work of the Muslims who wanted to go to Hajj and had great results.
In addition to the material results it has created, the Hejaz Railway has also made a significant contribution to our people's awareness of solidarity and solidarity around a common goal and ideal.