World's first subway will make its first night expedition

The world's first subway will operate at night for the first time: For the first time in its history, London's 153-year-old subway will serve two or even 24 hours on weekends. The application, which will start tonight on the Central and Victoria lines, will be expanded to other lines in the fall.
In London, the capital of England, the Central and Victoria lines from now on the weekends 24 hours will be organized.
153, the world's first subway, is the annual London subway, where the 2, including Central and Victoria, will start serving 24 hours over the weekend, midnight.
The Mayor of London, Sadık Khan, expressed his appreciation for the new voyages:
“I am very excited that the subway will be open at night. Many people such as doctors, nurses, security guards, and guards have to go to their jobs or their homes late at night. The application will also be a great impetus to the city's night economy. Think theaters, live music venues, restaurants. I am really pleased and proud that the night metro is finally put into practice. ”
London Transport Authority (TFL) in a statement on the night voyage of the new application until the 2030 6,4 £ X billion in the 500 additional contribution to the average and XNUMX thousand additional employment was expected to create additional records.
Application will be expanded
London's decision to launch the night metro lies in the desire to strengthen the economy of the city, which is visited by about 18,6 million foreign tourists every year.
Foreign tourists visiting London every year spend an average of £ 15,6 billion. In London, if the metro line runs 24 hours a day on weekends, it will be possible for tourists to shop and spend the night.
According to 8,6 official data of businesses, cafes, bars and restaurants in London with a population of 2014 million, it is estimated that they contribute approximately 17,7 billion pounds to the UK economy. It is stated that the total number of people working in the service sector in the UK until late at night is 720 thousand.
The need for night-time metro in London is not only due to entertainment demand. Approximately 101 thousand people in the city at night, working in health institutions, hospitals and retirement homes, the number of employees in the transport and transportation sector is about 107 bin. In London, which is one of the most expensive metropolises in the world, wage scale is higher and night jobs are preferred especially among immigrants.
While the Jubilee, Northern and Piccadilly lines are expected to be included in the weekend night metro application in autumn, in the following years, following the modernization works to be carried out on some lines and stations, the application is planned to include the Metropolitan, Circle, District and Hammersmith & City lines.
History of the world's first subway
For the first time, the idea of ​​taking the trains from the underground was proposed by Charles Pearson, the lawyer of the City of London in 1845. When it is considered that the first steam train in public transport is used in 1830 in the UK, it can be said that it is a very early time for the same service to be given underground.
In the beginning, Pearson, whose thoughts were reacted, succeeded in getting the subway project, which he described as 'trains going through water channels', in the House of Commons in 1853. Finally, the construction of the world's first subway line began in London in March 1860. The 'Metropolitan Railway' between Paddington and Farringdon Street, which made history as the world's first subway, was opened on January 10, 1863.
It is known that subway engineers started excavations under the ground by starting from the system of progression of bedbugs and formed the metro line by supporting the continuous side walls and ceilings of small and simple tunnels.
Today, the London Metro, which has a total length of 402 kilometers, serves with the 270 station. With approximately 10 million pounds of advanced drilling machines, new stations are opened almost every year and the metro lines are extended according to the speed of development of the city.

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