The giant move in transport: Liberalization in the economy led to a great revolution in the transport sector. The moves started in Ozal period, then accelerated after 2002. Airports, highways and high-speed trains with Turkey were linked together
Located in a strategic geographical position as a transit point as Turkey, with the liberalization of the transport sector is provided in parallel with the development of the economy after 1980 has scored important breakthrough. After the September coup, the only one-party government that came to work was the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge. The 12-1995 has come to a standstill following the 2001, which led to a new one-party rule, due to economic crises and terrorism. In the transportation sector, which experienced a real revolution with a total investment of 2002 billion pounds, big trains were made in high speed trains, air transport, highways and sea transportation.
17 TWIN KILOMETER DIVIDED ROAD
In 2002, there were 714 thousand 6 kilometers of divided roads, including 101 kilometers of highways, and at the end of 2014, the total divided road length, which was 2 kilometers of highways, reached 282 thousand 23 kilometers. The number of provinces connected to each other in a divided way increased from 716 to 6. Turkey acquainted with the High Speed Rail line, the first time in nearly a thousand 75 kilometer long high-speed railway network in the country was built. The conventional railway line, which was 213 thousand 13 kilometers 10 years ago, has been extended to 959 thousand 2014 kilometers as of 12. In addition, the 485 thousand 9 kilometers long railway line was renewed.
MARMARAY IS REAL
Marmaray, the engineering project of the century, also turned into reality. Connecting Asia to Europe with the rail system under the Bosphorus, Marmaray has carried 70 million 200 thousand people so far. Until 2002, there were only 4 metro lines in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and Konya. By 2014, the length of urban rail systems increased from 280 kilometers to 590 kilometers, and the number of cities with rail systems increased from 4 to 11. also rose to the top position in the maritime sector with investments in Turkey. The Turkish fleet, which ranked 2000th in the world ranking at the beginning of the 19s, ranked 13th. The number of shipyards increased from 37 to 73. The total cargo stowage in Turkey has reached 150 million tons from 383 million tons. This year, it will transfer 3 billion lira of resources to hundreds of projects in the fields of hospitals, transportation, roads, education, especially the Kanal Istanbul, Ankara-Istanbul High Speed Line, Istanbul New Airport, and the 65rd Bosphorus Bridge. In addition, 101 billion pounds of public fixed capital investment is planned.
THE LARGEST SHARE IN THE INVESTMENT
The biggest share of 64.9 billion investment allowance to be transferred within the scope of the Investment Program was the transportation sector with 30.6. General Directorate of Highways, 8.5 billion pounds with the General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works, 8 billion pounds with the Ministry of National Education, 6.1 billion pounds was the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications.
FULL GAS WILL CONTINUE
20 billion pounds will be transferred this year for 7.3 large projects. 13.4 billion lira resources were envisaged for projects involving big collective and consolidated state hospital, bridge structure, organized industrial zone and small water works. 5 billion pounds will be transferred for 2.3 urban transportation projects in Istanbul. Kadıköy-Kartal-Kaynarca Metro Line, Kabataş-Mecidiyeköy-Mahmutbey Metro Line, Mahmutbey-Bahçeşehir Metro Line, Üsküdar-Altunizade- Ümraniye-Dudullu Metro Line, Kirazlı-Halkalı Metro Line will be built.