Sakarya Victory with Ankara-Yahşihan Dar Line Railway

We have won the Sakarya Victory with the Ankara-Yahşihan Dar Line Railway: Let us start by giving a brief information about the ık Narrow Hat ın in the title, taking refuge from the forgiveness of our retired older brothers who have devoted their lives to railways Ankara
Rail lines according to rail clearance; standard line (1435 mm), wide line (above 1435 mm), narrow line (1435 mm below) and decovil line (600 mm). Due to its low cost, short lines are used in the production lines.
Before and after the republic, several narrow-gauge railways were built in Bursa, such as Bursa-Mudanya, Samsun-Carsamba, Ilica-Palamutluk and Erzurum-Sarikamis. But none of these will be due to his contribution to the Sakarya Victory, which is not as prominent as the Ankara-Yahshihan line.
At the beginning of the First World War, the construction of the mentioned line, which was started to be constructed because the harms of the railroad not being able to pass to the east of Ankara, was started and workers battalions composed of Egeli Greeks who were conscripted for being in front of the Turks were employed.
Starting from 1856 where Anatolia was introduced by railroad, Aydın-Isparta-Burdur, Manisa-Uşak-Afyon and Manisa-Balıkesir railway lines were constructed parallel to each other starting from İzmir and France.
The Germans brought the Anatolian-Baghdad railway from Istanbul to Ankara in 1892, but they did not take the eastern part of Ankara with the influence of the Russians. On the other hand, they moved from Kütahya and Konya to Mardin with a branch leaving Eskişehir. They advanced because their main goal was to reach Baghdad where the oil deposits were located.
During the National Struggle, when the battles in Eskişehir and Kütahya were lost, the Turkish Army withdrew to Polatlı, east of Sakarya. Therefore, the Izmit-Eskişehir-Kütahya-Konya railway lines to the west of Polatlı, which are under the control of the National Army, were captured by foreign forces.
The normal railway line between Ankara-Yahşihan narrow railway and Ankara-Polatlı, which was obtained before the Battle of Sakarya, was of vital importance to meet the army's ammunition, arms, food and clothing needs.
On the other hand, the fact that the railway has reached up to Yahşihan made Yahşihan an important center.
Yahşihan Menzil Hat Command, which is attached to the General Directorate of Shipment and Transport, was established to bring the materials such as weapons, ammunition, food and clothing that were brought to Yahşihan to Ankara completely. This command, Yahşihan-Ankara between the transportation of the bakery and mill in Yahşihan to establish and were also assigned to open guesthouses.
The materials brought from the Central Anatolia to the Yahşihan were transported from here to Ankara, which was transformed into the Main Supply Center of the Turkish Army with small trains, and from there they were sent to Malıköy by regular trains.
250 tons of food and 325 tons of ammunition were shipped every day with trains.
You need to think about here. I wonder if these materials would be moved to Ankara from the 90 façade?
The narrowly-operated Ankara-Yahşihan railway line was another important task, such as delivering our injured Mehmetçiklarimiz on the Polatlı Front to the Military Hospital in Keskin. The wounded were transported by trains up to Yahşihan, and from there to Keskin with paper bags.
The trains consisting of several small locomotives and two-three wagons run regularly between Ankara and Yahşihan every day, and the 80 road can only go on the 4 hour.
Many of the voyage stories of the journey are described today, even today.
Here's one of them:
“The year is 1921, between İnönü and Sakarya war…
There is an influx from Ankara to Kayseri. Its paper, oxen, oxcart… There is no creaking on roads, mountains and stones. A thin, tin-made locomotive that resembles a mummified donkey, and the wagons reminiscent of exhausted camels that have lifted thin, long hump, are among them heading the road to Kayseri.
For some reason, the decovil that worked here at that time had a stubborn resemblance to the stubborn animal's stubbornness. From time to time he would stop. You look, and when you walk away, you're suddenly a zink. A sound is heard:
“The locomotive has run out of water. Whoever loves his God may bring water! "
With buckets, pitchers and jugs, a lot of people go out to search for water, and in a place where there is no water, everyone pours the water from their flasks, jugs, tin or earthen pitchers into the locomotive. Mubarak begins to walk. But what a march!
The elders on the train would sometimes say:
"I got off while the train was going, broke down, sipped my hand, got on the train."
"I freshened up the fool, I came again, I was raised.
When the train arrived at an uphill hill, a sound rose:
"You push after the wagons who love God!"
Hundreds of men get off the train, the villagers who see the train stop. They would run the train with Helesa Yelesa. The train ran out of coal and gathered from the region. Kömür
As far as the story is concerned, it is clear how important the railway is as usual.
During the Sarikamish operation at 1915, we did not have a railway line in that area. Food, drink and weapons were not transported to the front, and thousands of our soldiers were martyred, not by fighting, but by freezing from coldness and cold.
In the Sakarya War, there was a narrow railway line between Yahşihan -Ankara, while between Ankara and Polatlı we had a regular railway line.
We won the Sakarya Victory with this railway!

Example: İbrahim KEKEÇ
TCDD Press Office




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