What is Trambus? - History of Trambuses

Trambus is an electric bus that takes the energy it needs from the power line hanging in the air along the road. The name of the Trambus abroad is trolleybus, but the name of these vehicles in our country is referred to as trambus.
Trambus is an electric bus that takes the energy it needs from the power line hanging in the air along the road. The name of the Trambus abroad is trolleybus, but the name of these vehicles in our country is referred to as trambus.
Trambuses show great similarity with the trams. However, trambles are driven by wheels as the trams move through the rails. In addition, two cables are used in trambus and one cable is used in trams. The reason for this is that the trambles do not complete the circuit because they use rubber tires. For this reason, two cables are used in trambuses. The other difference is that the trambles are wheels, which means that they have more mobility than trams, so they can move to the right or left.
Although the bodywork of the vehicles is produced as the same bus, the vehicles are driven by the electric motor running on the 400 volt. Trambus engines are quiet and powerful at maximum level. The vehicles have no clutch and accelerator pedal, and instead of the accelerator pedal, there is a special pedal, called a rheostat, which increases the speed by adjusting the current flow.
Thanks to the batteries in the Trambus, the vehicles are not affected by road works, power outages and the contactless cables. Nowadays, new trambuses can be operated with diesel fuel besides electric energy.
History of Trambus
Trambus in our country, called the trolleybus abroad, the original name of these vehicles is Trolley Coach. The first trambl system 29 was established on April 1882 in Berlin.
When it came to 1900s, trambus production started in Italy, Germany, France and Central Europe for commercial purposes. In the 1930, trambuses were used in these countries and in the US for the transportation of city passengers. Today, trambus is still in use in some cities of France and Italy.
TRAMBUS Usage in Turkey
Trambus was used in our country in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir. The trambus, which first started to serve in 1947 in Ankara, was used in the nation-ministries line. 10 has found the number of trambus 10 in Ankara with the Brill brand, 1952 XWX brand and 13 MAN vehicle taken from 33. In addition to these brands, Alfa-Romeo brand trambuses were used in some periods and these vehicles served in Dışkapı-Bahçelievler and Dışkapı-Kavaklıdere lines. In the year of 1981, trambuses were removed from service in Ankara due to the reasons of slowing the traffic and going slow.
A Trambus on the Aksaray Line in Ortakoy
Trambus has started its operations in 27 May 1961 in Istanbul. The cost of the Trambus system was 70 Million TL with the numbers at that time. The vehicles were only serving on the European side in total 45 km lines. The garage of the 100 trambus running on the lines was in Şişli and Galata. 1968 in the year produced by the IETT masters, called the Tosun, 101 tool was also used as trambus. Due to power failures and failures, the Trambuses, which frequently stay on the roads and do not interfere with their voyages, are removed from use in 1984 because they block traffic. The trambles in Istanbul are sold to the General Directorate of ESHOT (Electricity, Water, Gas, Bus and Trolleybus) of the Municipality of Izmir.
Izmir was the last city to leave the use of trambus. The tools are now available in 1954. Due to the termination of the use of 1984 in Istanbul, the trambles were sent to Izmir. By the year of 1992 in Izmir gave up the trambus gave up service.
Trambuses used in our country in the 1900 years have been discontinued due to the problems experienced.
Malatya chose Trambus!
Despite all the problems in history, Malatya Metropolitan Municipality chose trambuses again in public transportation. Trambuses 11 March Launched at 2015. Bozankaya Domestic trambuses produced by the company were equipped with modern technologies. Domestic trambuses can work with electric fuel as well as diesel fuel. The use of diesel fuel in vehicles, such as power failure, breakdown prevents many problems. The trambuses used in Malatya can reach 80 km speed and the vehicles in front can overtake the 1,5 lane.
In spite of all modern and new equipment, a trambus which was put into operation in Malatya was only burned on 4 on 15 on the day of 2015 and was scrapped at İnönü University campus. In this case, no one was damaged. The temperature was overheated and the high pressure in the box was shown.

Source : I www.mesuttaskin.co



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