Animal bones to shed light on the Marmaray History: Turkey's only osteoarchaeology Application and Research Center belonging to various periods exhibited in animal fossils, the research also sheds light on the period.
Istanbul University (IU) Director of Osteoarchaeology Application and Research Center Dr. Vedat Onar, AA correspondent, Istanbul Marmaray and underground excavations found during the 57 type of animal bone is displayed in the center, archaeological animal bones is an important institution examined, continued to serve by growing, he said.
IT'S GREAT IMPORTANT FOR THE WORLD OF SCIENCE
Explaining that very important findings were reached during the excavations that changed the history of Istanbul, Onar stated that the findings they obtained were important for the scientific world, and they hosted many student groups in the center as well as many scientists from abroad.
12 TRUCK BONE INVESTIGATED
In the excavations, he stated that they found bones from the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods, and said, “We can now see the past in the written sources of that day. The samples we find are exactly the same with the written records. We examine thousands of animal bones. We discovered 57 species in this area. Over 60 thousand, approximately 12 truck bones were examined. Based on the bones, we are trying to reveal information about the social life, human-animal relationship, eating habits and cultural structure of the period ”.
“WE HAVE GOT THE NEOLITHIC PERIOD”
Noting that the examination of the bones continues, Professor. Dr. Onar, “We examined the bones one by one. We need to understand what a bone is telling and expressing. Yenikapı and Marmaray excavations are the project of the century. The materials came out from an area of 58 thousand square meters. While talking about the 4 thousand years of history in the establishment of Istanbul, we can see that it is going backwards. ”
Stating that they have reached the ruins of 6 thousand-6500 BC before the excavations, Onar said: “We have another material that we can get new results, which is the fact that the European bison has been extending into the borders of Istanbul that day. As the excavation work deepened, we went back 8 thousand to 8 thousand 500 years until the Neolithic period. Human skeletons and remains of life from this period, when the Sea of Marmara emerged from the lake stage. Findings that could change the history of Istanbul were reached. ”
He emphasized that they found animal fossils especially in the layers belonging to the 3rd and 14th centuries, and that the bones belong to the Byzantine period intensively, and that the excavation area, which is the Theodosius Port in the Marmara Sea, provides rich data.
“THE BEAR IS ALSO THE FIL”
Repair, 57 species within the consumption of sheep, goats, camels, cattle, such as the remains of cut animals were diagnosed, the bones and tools were made from the bones of that period, found that they found bones for decorative purposes, he said.
Attracting attention to the various information obtained from the processed bones Onar, said:
“They used the comb bone of the sheep. The comb bone has also been used for textile purposes and has been turned into a tool called 'bobbin and awl'. We see that there are textile workshops around the Port of Theodosius. Probably these tools used here. The most dense bones were horse bones. We saw that the horses were thrown into this area in two ways, dead and cut. You can easily see the marks of butchery on the cut bones. We came across single humped camels. Fish species are also very rich. We encountered Caretta species in the sea turtle. These were probably the turtles that were brought to the Mediterranean as a result of the trade of commercial ships in the area rather than the chain of life around Theodosius Port. There were also bears. There are findings that show that bear acting was performed. ”
Onar, who gave detailed information about the bones, concluded his words as follows: “There was a 4 horned remains in our area, the original of which is the Syrian side. This bone is an important document in terms of showing the commercial way of the harbor. Again, the remains of the gazelle appeared interestingly. We also found a monkey skull. As a pet animal, the cat and the dog were too many. From domestic duck to wild duck, from chicken to vulture, we came across a wide range of bird species. We even found two elephant remains in the excavations. ”