Let Trabzon pass the railroad or pass it on my back: President's Advisor and doctor Trabzon Trabzon deputy Erdöl train letter to Trabzon ..
Professor Dr. Cevdet ERDÖL (Ankara Member of Parliament) wrote “THE TRUTH TRAIN OF THE EASTERN BLACK SEA”…
Here is that post;
“The Governor of Trabzon, Vizier Muhlis Esat Pasha, of the time:“ Let Trabzon Railway pass or pass it on my back. ”
A MODERN HARBOR and RAILWAY CONNECTION to Trabzon was the ideal of Atatürk. When Ataturk came to Trabzon in 1924, he explained: “It is a nuhbei to see our Trabzon in a short time, as well as being rambled with the lighthouse, equipped with a beautiful dock and harbor.”
'THE TRUTH TRAIN OF THE EASTERN BLACK SEA'
Besides the land, sea and air transportation, the most important and even most attractive type of transportation is the railway. In fact, it should be noted; Perhaps the most important for places far from the sea. Railways are of great importance in almost all countries in both peace and war time. In times of peace they are very important in economic and social terms, they provide cheap and safe transportation, they are environmentalists. In times of war, military supplies are the best means of transport to the regions of need.
The first railway line built in Anatolia was the 23 km İzmir-Aydın line on September 1856, 130. This line was completed in 10 during the time of Sultan Abdülaziz with a work lasting 1866 years.
Railways from past to present; It has more strategic importance especially in terms of port and airport. Considering that 90% of the world trade is made by seaway, it will be seen that the most important common factor in the most advanced countries in trade is the ports of the countries and their rail connections. It is a well-known fact that ports with railway connections attract the attraction of world trade.
THE ROLE OF HORIZONTAL TIME WITH THE RAILWAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT LEVELS
As in the world, the developed cities in the coastal strip in our country have grown rapidly because of the coexistence of the port and the railroad and the combination of both. The role of cities such as Istanbul, Izmir, Iskenderun, Mersin, Samsun at the present development level at the same time with railway and port should never be forgotten.
TRABZON, THE PROVINCE OF THE AREA OF TRADE IS A DISTRICT
When we look at the coastline of the Eastern Black Sea, unfortunately there is no other city between Samsun and Batumi where the airport, port and railway are located together. Although this is the case, we have another province that has the potential to have these characteristics. This province is Trabzon. Trabzon is a province that has the feature of being the lifeblood of the region's trade area. Trabzon, which has a developed port with an international airport, does not yet have a railway.
However, the connection of Trabzon to Erzincan and therefore to the whole world by rail is a very old dream.
When we mix the pages of history, about a hundred and fifty years ago, during the time of Sultan Sultan Abdü'l-Azîz Han (1861-878), the words “Let the railway pass or pass my back” by Trabzon Governor Vizier Muhlis Esat Pasha are very meaningful.
Another step regarding the construction of the railway to Trabzon is the M Law (1341 / 1340) Proposal (2 / 330) Hakkında on the Enforcement of the Discovery and Issue of Trabzon Erzurum Railway and Trabzon Port in the Envelope of the 1925 Year “ (XNUMX).
WHEN THE REASON OF THE LAW OFFER IS EXAMINED, THE FOLLOWING ISSUES ARE REALLY SPECIFICALLY INDICATED:
-The cattle, sheep and goats in the provinces of the province is intense and the transport of grass, wool and fleece is a serious problem.
- The provinces of the provinces are very fertile. Plenty of good breed potatoes, beets, ground apples, turnips, carrots and similar crops grown under the ground can be grown and exported.
-The beet production can be increased and it can be transported to Bayburt by Trabzon-Erzincan railway and operated in large sugar factories to be established here. In this way, beet production will increase the welfare of the people.
-In addition, this policy for our sugar policies will provide very advantageous logistics and transportation.
- There are plenty of mines in the provinces. These can be transported and operated in the most economical and optimal way thanks to the railway.
- It is understood that there are petroleum resources in the provinces. Even the operation of these oil resources is sufficient reason for railway transportation.
- Lignite is also present in many eastern provinces. If the railway is constructed, it will be possible to supply the lignite mine to the production and to the places with the problem of fuel.
- If the problem of transportation in the eastern provinces is resolved, grain production may be increased.
-TRABZON PORT and the mentioned RAIL is also very important for the import and export of Iran. Transport to the north of Iran can be carried out in this way.
AFTER BOTH REQUIRED IN THIS WAY
- All of these mentioned things will be realized immediately after the construction of the railway -B
-The facility and facilities to be provided after the railroad and limestone plants, tanneries and industrial establishments that will be established at the center of these provinces should not be ignored.
The purpose of the proposal was highlighted by emphasizing that Trabzon and Erzurum and the railroads should be built for Trabzon port and all these counties and the welfare of the people there.
MORE ECONOMIC AND COMMERCIAL REQUIREMENTS
As can be seen, economic and commercial reasons come to the forefront in the rationale of the proposal. Likewise, it is stated that it would be much more economical to reach Trabzon Port by rail in the marketing of mines existing in Eastern Anatolia and agricultural and agricultural products in this region. It is also stated that it will be a safe alternative transportation method for the passengers in terms of tourism.
This Law Proposal, 6 Ramadan 1342 and 10 dated April 1349 and numbered 476 Law and "Trabzon Erzurum Railway and Trabzon Port Discovery and Issue in the 1340 Year Envelope with the name of the Law" was enacted.
It was proposed by law to build a railway from Trabzon to Erzurum. The deputies of the provinces such as Erzincan, Erzurum, Agri, Ordu, Gumushane, Giresun, Diyarbakir, Nigde and Mersin have also signed this law proposal given by the Trabzon Deputies, Ahmet Muhtar and his colleagues, indicating how important this project was at that time.
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK: “TO SEE OUR TRABZON IS BEEN USED WITH A BEAUTIFUL QUAY AND PORT, IT IS NUHBII.”
When we look after the war of liberation, we see that a MODERN PORT AND RAILWAY CONNECTION to Trabzon is the ideal of Atatürk. So much so that; When Atatürk came to Trabzon in 1924, he explained this ideal:
“It is a nuhbei to see our Trabzon in a short time, as well as having been rambled with the light, equipped with a beautiful dock and harbor.”
This Law is based on the Law on the Abolition of Legislation which is not Applicable on 27 / 10 / 1988;
“It is about the discovery and determination of the route of the railways to be built in certain lines in 1924, since it has enforced its provision, there is no possibility of implementation.” It was repealed on grounds.
As it is seen, despite the fact that our country could not be developed yet, especially when it emerged from the wars, moreover, despite the ATATÜRK'S TEST, the relevant law was abolished and unfortunately Trabzon's railway dream could not be realized.
Since 1925 year was almost 70 over the 1993 year of the proposed law, the feasibility studies of TRABZON-ERZURUM-ERZİNCAN and DİYARBAKIR RAIL were carried out by the Ministry of Transport, General Directorate of State Airports Authority. Today, however, the rapid developments in the railways sector, experiences gained from the High Speed Train applications implemented in some of our provinces, and finally with the help of the dazzling developments and new technologies in the construction sector, this big project will be a bit more expensive.
This railway will play an important role not only in the Eastern Black Sea and Eastern Anatolia, but also in the development of Southeast Anatolia. Especially considering that Trabzon Port is an important export gate to be built from the GAP region, which is supposed to produce 50 million tons of grain in the future, it is obvious how vital this RAILWAY IS.
What I want to say here is that; Our task in this matter is to work together to realize this project, which is ATATURK'S VISITOR as soon as possible, as in the proposed law.