Tender preparations for Kanal Istanbul began: President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that preparations for tenders for 'Kanal Istanbul' have started.
The Kanal Istanbul project, which was announced in 2011 and has caused controversy, has been accelerated. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan recently announced that the tender process for the project will begin soon. The international legal dimension of the Canal Istanbul project, which will connect the Black Sea and Marmara with an artificial strait, has come to the fore again. So, do international agreements prevent the construction of Kanal Istanbul? What effect will Kanal Istanbul have on the Montreux Convention? Who determines the rules in the channel and how? According to the news of Gülistan Alagöz from Hürriyet, Member of Istanbul Bilgi University Faculty of Law, Department of International Law and Director of Maritime Law Research Center Assist. Assoc. Dr. Dolunay Özbek said that there is no provision forbidding the construction of Kanal Istanbul in terms of international law. Stating that the Montreux Convention, which was signed in 1936 and regulating the passage through the Bosphorus, did not prevent the Canal project, Özbek pointed out that there may be problems in the contract after the canal construction. Stating that the application area of the Montreux Convention is not only the Bosphorus, but the area between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea, Özbek said, “The canal project covers only a part of this route. It leaves commercial ships in the middle of the area where Montreux will be implemented. While the applicability of Montreux to the non-Canal part of the transition may create problems in general, a concrete example can be given about the fees to be taken. Turkey collects taxes and fees from ships passing through Montreux. These are applied to a round trip from the Straits. Will the fees for ships using Kanal Istanbul be determined as both the Canal fee and the Montreux fee? Or will there be some kind of "half-wage", departing from the procedure expressly stated in Annex I to the Montreux Convention? All these have to be determined by Turkey. This, in turn, will cause Turkey to come face to face with the accusations that unilateral intervention in an area where a multilateral agreement has been made is against the law. In addition, Turkey's 1936 kazanIt may lead to the questioning of the rights that he has been denied,” he said.
THROUGH NO BODY
Even if the channel constructed in Istanbul, Istanbul Uzbek emphasis can not legally ban the passage of the Strait, "termination of the Montreux Convention also does not have the power to ban commercial ships crossing the Turkey. On the other hand, in order to reduce the risk and traffic in the Bosphorus, the companies that want to give the channel fee and who are actually at risk will choose the Bosphorus again. Then the risk will not decrease. How to finance this project will be provided even if there is no fee. Ücret
Are warships through the channel
Information from the University Nilüfer Oral said, tr With the Montreux agreement signed at 1936, the border came from the Bosphorus. So what will happen in Kanal Istanbul? Mı We need to work to answer questions like whether warships will switch. Savaş Stating that the ships and tankers will not be obliged to use Kanal Istanbul, Oral said the use of the channel would be encouraged. indicating that the right to determine the details of the channel in Turkey oral, "Crossing boundaries and fee determination powers in Turkey. A good legal infrastructure is essential. The Montreux Convention should be protected. Mon
Kanal Istanbul properties
No alternative between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean The artificial waterway between the Black Sea and the Marmara will be opened in order to relieve the ship traffic in the Bosphorus. The length of the channel 40-45 mileage; The width will be 145-150 meter on the surface, and 125 meter on the base. It is stated that the excavation will be used for filling quarries and closed mines in airport and port construction.
The legal infrastructure of the Turkish Straits was determined by the 1936 Montreux Convention. Commercial and contract regulates the passage of military ships through the Straits, including Turkey, it is applied to countries not party as important for all parties. In the 1936 from the Bosphorus, an average of 4 thousand 700 ships were passing annually. Today 50 has exceeded one thousand. Oil transportation also increased to 150 million tons.