İstanbul KadıköyThe last tram line in

İstanbul KadıköyLast tram line in Istanbul: With the agreement of “Tramway and Facility Construction in Dersaadet” on August 30, 1869, the “Dersaadet Tramway Company” founded by Konstantin Krepano Efendi for 40 years, by the railway for the transportation of passengers and goods on the streets of Istanbul. was given to the company.

In 1871, the first equestrian tram started to work on 4 including Azapkapı-Galata, Aksaray-Yedikule, Aksaray-Topkapı and Eminönü-Aksaray. In the first year of operation, 430 generated revenue from 4,5 for 53000 million passengers at XNUMX.

Later on, Voyvoda opened lines such as Kabristan Street-Tepebaşı-Taksim-Pangaltı-Şişli, Beyazıt-Şehzadebaşı, Fatih-Edirnekapı-Galatasaray-Tunnel, Eminönü-Bahçekapı.

The trams, which started to work in the Ottoman Empire, were later established in the major cities of the empire, first in Salonika, then in Damascus, Baghdad, Izmir and Konya. The Ministry of Defense received trolley horses in 1912 during the Balkan War and received 30000 gold money, so Istanbul remained trams for more than a year.

The Dersaadet Tramway Company increased the company capital to 35,531.- Lira by collecting an additional 2.5 lira from 266,482 shareholders for overhead lines, providing the necessary materials, building facilities and purchasing motorized wagons (motris). In the meantime, the first electric tram was put into service on February 20, 1914 in Tophane, Karaköy - Ortaköy route, as a result of the Ottoman Anonymous Electric Company established by Belgians to Dersaadet Tram Company. With the operation of the electric tram, it was the first excitement for Istanbul residents to start operating the tram over the Galata Bridge. Separate ceremonies were held here because the line was laid and the bridge opened to the tramway. After the tram passes over the Galata Bridge, 1 kurush “Official to the Bridge Murder” was added to the tram tickets. Trams were passed through Galata Bridge and the city's Istanbul and Beyoğlu sides were connected in 1914. KabataşWith the electricity produced by an electricity factory established in Istanbul, trams started to carry passengers. Wide range rails of horse-drawn trams were narrowed in order for electric trams to work. As in the first run of the tunnel; In the beginning, electric trams were also irritated. They worked with very few passengers for a while. Finally, Istanbulites started to take advantage of the innovations of the age by accepting electricity and tram. A modern transportation opportunity was created with trams, a fast, comfortable, cheap and reliable vehicle for Istanbul of that day. Therefore, more and more passengers had been moved day by day. With the launch of Silahtarağa electricity factory, the electric tram operation was expanded throughout the city. Meanwhile, the Ortaköy line was extended to Bebek.

28 In May 1912, with another contract added to the 1911 contract, the company accepted the construction of the new line 5. These:

• Aksaray - Silivrikapısı

• Eminönü - A new annex that passes in front of the Bahçekapısı Police Station and connects to the main line.

• Taksim - Dolmabahçe

• Harbiye - Maçka

• Feriköy - Kasımpaşa - Azapkapısı lines. (Source: Tramway in Istanbul History of Tramways, Fehime Tunalı Çalışkan - Zikrullah Kırmızı, 1998)

11 In January 1913 was cut off the electric current with the order of the government, 14 February 1914 was issued with a contract on the tram network current.

The start of World War I made the construction and expansion of lines difficult. I even stopped for a month transportation 8 months. The war years were often the period of the company's recession. 100 cars were ordered from Europe, but the number of 5 cars was broken, roads were distorted due to military transportation, material shortages, expensive and lack of personnel affected the financial situation of the company.

The first electric tram in Istanbul was operated 33 year after the first electric tram in the world. Istanbul, Horse Riding

the electric trolleys are quite delayed by trams. 1881 1883 year in 1889 33 1881 36 1907 75 1908 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX in the hands of this right in the hands even though it does not want to spend money on the electric trolley in the hands of a reason why the Ottoman throne in the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Abdülhamid is said to have a great fear of electricity and electricity. Since the operation permit of Dersaadet Tramway Company has been renewed for a period of time, there has been no attempt for electric tram until XNUMX.

For the first time in the Ottoman Empire, the first electric trolleys were tested in Damascus. This was possible with the continuous pressures made to the Dersaadet Tram Company. However, Atlı Tramways started to be operated first in Istanbul and then in other cities of the Empire: Damascus, Baghdad, Izmir and Konya.

In the 1913, Dersaadet Tramway Company accepted the operation of the Istanbul Tramways and started to work and this study lasted until February of 1914. February 1914'da Istanbul 's first electric trolley with a great ceremony began on the Karaköy-Ortakoy line. Therefore, a great ceremony was held in Karaköy; After the prayers and the sacrifices read, Şehremini Bedreddin Bey gave a speech and wished the electric trams would be beneficial to Istanbul.

The ceremonial photo taken that day was published in Paris in I'llustration, 7 published in February. The proceeds of that day were left to the Navy Society.

The first works on the operation of the tram in the Asian side of Istanbul were launched in 1927. First, however, the Üsküdar-Bağlarbaşı X Kısıklı line was put into service at 1928. A year later, Bağlarbaşı-Haydarpaşa and Üsküdar-Haydarpaşa lines; After the business profit, Bostancı, Moda, Feneryolu lines were opened. The Anatolian side of the business with the permission of the Municipality of Üsküdar and Havalisi Halk Tramvaylar TAŞ. It undertook. The Üsküdar and Havalisi Trams Company was formed with the initiative of the Foundation and the participation of the people of the environment. Later, Istanbul Municipality acquired the shares of the Foundations Administration and acquired the company's 90.

The first works on the operation of the tram in the Asian side of Istanbul were launched in 1927. First, however, the Üsküdar-Bağlarbaşı X Kısıklı line was put into service at 1928. A year later, Bağlarbaşı-Haydarpaşa and Üsküdar-Haydarpaşa lines; After the business profit, Bostancı, Moda, Feneryolu lines were opened. The Anatolian side of the business with the permission of the Municipality of Üsküdar and Havalisi Halk Tramvaylar TAŞ. It undertook. The Üsküdar and Havalisi Trams Company was formed with the initiative of the Foundation and the participation of the people of the environment. Later, Istanbul Municipality acquired the shares of the Foundations Administration and acquired the company's 90.

When was the tram handed over to IETT?

The horse-drawn trolley, which started to work in 1869 in Istanbul, was replaced by electric tram in 1914.

The 12 Tramway Transfer, which was transferred to the Government on June 1939 and 3642 days, was connected to Istanbul Municipality and 16 was connected to IETT on June 1939 day and 3645 numbered law.

When did Istanbul say goodbye to the tram?
12 August 1961 was removed from the European side and 14 was removed from the Anatolian side in 1966 and the tramway management in Istanbul ended.

Armin

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