Railway lines from Ottoman to present

Railway lines from Ottoman to today: The Hejaz Railway was built by the Ottoman Empire and all from the local sources.
Mi Backward! Birlikte can a state in 1900 make its own knowledge, people and all from their own resources together with the 1500 km railway, bridges, tunnels, stations, workshops, hospitals? (*)
Yeah! Can he?
The construction of the 1500 kilometer railway was carried out by the Great Ottoman Empire on the land where this wild and impossible project, ruthless valleys and hard volcanic rocks were located.
Moreover, "Sick man!" During the periods when it is evaluated as
And yesterday the Ottomans, "sick man!"
They are today, "Diseased Societies!"
Those interested in the subject can read the interesting story about the construction of the railway below. (**)
In this chapter, the story of the railways in the Ottoman lands will be explained by leaving the Ottoman Manufacturers in the next section.
The history of the railway in the Ottoman lands begins with the concession of the 1851 km Cairo-Alexandria Railway line in 211, and the concession of the 23 km Izmir-Aydin Railway line on September 1856, 130, within the current national borders.
The 4.136 km section of the Ottoman period remained within our national borders.
Lines operated before and during the Republic of Turkey were purchased from 1928-1948 and nationalized.
RAILWAY LINES FROM 1856 TO THE PRESENT
Turkish Railway History begins in 1856. The first digging on the 130 km İzmir - Aydın line, the first railway line, was hit this year with the privilege given to a British company.
The choice of this line was not without reason. The İzmir-Aydın region was easily accessible to the raw material needed by the British industry, where the population of the population was high in terms of population, the commercial potential of which was high and the ethnic elements suitable for being a British market.
It also had a strategic importance in controlling the Middle East by taking control of the roads of India.
From 1876 to 1909, Sultan II, who was the Ottoman Sultan for 33 years. Abdulhamid states the following in his memoirs; ,
- “I accelerated the construction of Anatolian Railways with all my strength. The aim of this road is to connect Mesopotamia and Baghdad to Anatolia and reach the Persian Gulf. This was achieved thanks to German assistance. Grains that used to rot in the fields now find good plowing, our mines are supplied to the world market.
1856 -1922 has been built in the Ottoman territories:
-Rumeli Railways 2383 km normal line
-Anadolu-Baghdad Railways 2424 km normal line
-İzmir -Kasaba and extension 695 km normal line
-İzmir -Aydın and branches 610 km normal line
-Sam-Hama and extension 498 km narrow and normal line
- Jerusalem-86 km normal line
-Bursa-Mudanya 42 km narrow line
-Ankara-Yahşihan 80 km narrow line
Total 8.619 km
Post-Republican Period
- Railway Weighted Period (1923-1950 Period):
In the pre-Republic period, the railways, which were built under the control of foreign companies, under their control and serve the foreign economies and political interests, were structured in line with national interests in the post-Republic period, aiming to create a self-sufficient "national economy", aiming to mobilize the resources of the country.
İsmet İnönü, in his speech in Sivas on August 30, 1930, referred to the first program of the government that gathered under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's rule in 1920 and said:
“While all the fires of the world are raining on his head, his existence tomorrow is under a sad suspicion, while the citizens are trying to stand up against the insurgents with barefoot and stick, when all their foundations are gone and there is not a single lira in his treasury, in his first program he announced; He was saying that he would prolong now from Ankara to Yahşihana. "
Atatürk at the meeting of the National Assembly at 1 March 1922:
"The activity and vigor of the economic life is only in accordance with the state and degree of the means of negotiation, roads, sunshine and ports."
In a statement he made to newspapers on the same dates:
“All the centers of the country will be connected to one another with less time. Important mining treasures will be opened. The cornerstones of the purpose, which consists of transforming the ruined landscape of our country from the beginning to the end, will affect the eyes everywhere. "
In the first years of our Republic, everyone was surrounded by love for the railway. Here, the importance of the railroad and what it has gained, Foreign Chief Op. The speech of Doctor M. Necdet Bey in the ceremony held due to the arrival of the railway to Sivas on 30 August 1930 reveals strikingly:
“Our eyes are bright. Here came the train. (.) The railway is the steel branch of the Republic. Now Sivas is not far from anywhere. Now Ankara is the one-day road to us. (.) We laid these irons in these places to remove the soil's rust. We added the yellow spike crops to the ends to turn them into gold. It is these anchors that reduce the distance between Ankara and Sivas from ten days to one.
This is the iron that brings abundance and richness to arid plains and arid plains. Now it is a pound that will bring a ruple to five pounds after tomorrow. This is not the iron, but the golden way. (.) The road is the vessel. The impact of a non-impacted soil is gangrene.
In order for the earth to survive, the blood vessels surrounding our body must be surrounded by road veins. The pulse of the soil should work for a minute like that of a human being. Until a crop grows, water feeds the road after it grows. "
Indeed, despite all the famines and impossibilities, railway construction was continued at great speed until the Second World War. It slowed down after 1940 due to the war. 1923 km of the 1950 km long railroad built between 3.578-3.208 was completed by 1940.
Without finishing the railway;
Sultan 2. Built by Abdülhamid, inşa 1500 Km. The construction of this railway, which is "long," has been completed with the contributions of the state budget, as well as the contributions collected in the Islamic countries and has led to the training of many Muslim engineers and masters.
The construction of the railway started in 1900, mostly Turks and regional workers worked in its construction, but also the technical advice and support of the Germans was received. Although German engineers were involved in the construction, most of the engineers were Turkish. And they found the opportunity to develop themselves to a great extent… ”(3)
Kill the valiant! Don't eat!
A period in the Ottoman Empire;
From 1876 to 1909, Sultan II, who was the Ottoman Sultan for 33 years. Abdulhamid states the following in his memoirs; ,
With all my strength, I accelerated the construction of Anatolian Railways. The aim of this road is to connect Mesopotamia and Baghdad to Anatolia and reach the Persian Gulf. This has been achieved through German assistance. Formerly the rotting grain in the fields is now well-established, and our mines are brought to the world market.
A period after the Republic;
Mustafa Kemal Pasha, March 1922 in his statement to the newspaper;
All the centers of the country will be connected to one another with less time. Important mining treasures will be opened ...
The story of our country's railways is explained according to the above documents.
As always, we leave the interpretation of what is told to those who read it, to knowledge, experience and prudence.
Ottoman manufacturing facilities in cities and cities
Hejaz Railway, II. It is a part of the railways of the Ottoman Empire that started in Istanbul, built by Abdulhamid between Damascus and Medina in 1900-1908. German engineer Meissner was in charge of the technical work of the railway. In the construction of the Hejaz Railway, 2666 masonry bridges and culverts, seven iron bridges, nine tunnels, 96 stations, seven ponds, 37 water tanks, two hospitals and three workshops were built. The Hejaz Railway was built especially to strengthen the transportation between Istanbul and the Holy Land, facilitating the transportation of soldiers to these regions, pilgrims to go to and from pilgrimage in a safer manner, and increasing the economic power of Arab countries ... "(Wikipedia)
En Seylapler was one of the biggest dangers in railway construction, büyük says James Nicholson, author of the book of Hejaz Railway. You'll already see long grilles along the line. These grilles raise the way the rails are laid, so flooded water flows through the railroad. However, it is sometimes known that floods have dragged and destroyed the grilles, and destroyed the bridges. In the winter of 1904-1905, when it rains outside of the ordinary, a bend is destroyed near the three bridges, Amman. At that time, the engineer of the train, despite the torrential rain, stopping the train just in time to recover the 5 passenger wagon; but the locomotive of the train fell down from me.
During the construction of the Hejaz railway, more than 2000 bridges and culverts, 7 iron bridges, 9 tunnels, 96 stations were built; In addition, water reservoirs and workshops are recorded in two hospitals at later dates. Along this road, it is stated that the workers of the workers from Europe, as well as the Ottoman soldiers, are working in the construction of tunnels and bridges.
Despite all the problems encountered in the laying of railways, Sultan 2. Abdulhamit regularly, while reviewing the construction reports sent to him, used to be installed on the roads of the camel caravans. German engineers order rail from Germany, Russia, Belgium, England and the United States. The opening ceremony is planned to be held on the sultan's birthday for each ending and the 8 year-long construction is completed in 1908 and it is the first direct train from Damascus to Medina.

Source: blog.milliyet.com.tr

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