Marmaray and Silk Road: Silk Road is a dialogue route that started from Xian city of China two thousand and five hundred years ago and reached Europe from land and sea in centuries. Thanks to the security provided as a result of the expeditions and conquests of Alexander the Great from Macedonia in the West to India in the East, the Silk Road was built in BC. Since the 3rd century, interaction between cultures, civilizations, countries and regions has become one of the most important routes of communication, transportation and trade. It can be said that this route was one of the most important trade routes in the world until the 1500s.
This route, most of which is located on the land route, also had branches extending to the Red Sea, Mediterranean, Black Sea and Adriatic Sea, known as the inland seas. Although the highways line is mostly known as the silk route and the sea routes as the spice route, the transfer of silk and luxury goods from the east to the west and the gold and silver flow from the west to the east have continued for centuries. This trade route between Asia, Africa and Europe has also been the most important route for the dialogue between civilizations and cultures. It can be said that a group of merchants trading on this route played a role in the removal of Yusuf (AS) from the well in Egypt.
Along with the development of cultural, scientific and economic relations along the silk trade routes starting from China to the Mediterranean and Europe, the Gokturs, Uyghurs, Seljuks and Ottomans played separate and important roles along with other states and nations. Turkish-speaking states and communities, so to speak, have stood out as safety zones in east-west trade for centuries and have played an important role in the development of communication and interaction between civilizations, cultures and regions.
Ancient trade way
A new situation in east-west trade emerged with the arrival of the European nations to Asia by trans-oceanic routes in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Until Europeans arrived, merchants who spoke different languages, believed in different religions and lived in different cultures and civilizations could be involved in the trade between the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, whose land connections were made by silk. However, instead of adapting to this situation in the 16th century, Europeans struggled to monopolize this trade (silk and spices) and succeeded in this during the "modern" era and the era of "commercial capitalism" (mercantilism).
2000, the world's most important route in the history of the world, has been a new situation with the influence of the nations on the Atlantic coast, in other words, the transfer of the burden of camels on the ships and especially the monopolist practices of the Western European nations. With the use of compass by Western nations, the importance of sea routes has increased in the East-West trade. This is 19. century until the construction of railways continued. 19. In the 19th century, the regional economic integration within the countries where the railway was built up accelerated and the importance of the railway in world trade and economy began to increase. 20. In the 19th century, when air, sea and rail transportation were included, a new acceleration was reached in the speed of goods and goods transportation.
Yes, Europeans began their importance decreasing in the five hundred years before the date they activate the alternative pathway of the Silk Road and the Ottoman Empire over the centuries and Turkey in the country in the transition region where the east-west trade.
The proclamation of the Republic of Turkey 90 years on October 29, 2013 the day of many foreign statesmen with the participation of Mr. Abdullah Gul and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the opening date of the Marmaray carried silk road east in Asia Pacific China / the west London rail on the Atlantic coast in Beijing has been connected. Is the alternative trade route on the European silk road going back to its original form? Or is the compass pointing in a new direction?
Source : www.sabah.com.t is