📩 28/11/2018 15:52
Marmaray-Metro excavations changed history: The sentences describing Istanbul ?? the foundation of the city in 700 BC ... ?? until the Marmaray-Metro excavations, one of the biggest transportation projects, turned this information upside down.
The history of the peninsula dates back to the 6000 to these excavations. 8 age of more than one thousand years was revealed. The Neolithic period is the beginning of a new era. The Marmara Sea is less than the 15-20 meter from today's level. Straits have not yet formed. Here, a culture of agriculture, hunting and fishing is created. Used terracotta and flint stone. When the glaciers, which started to melt, caused great changes in the water levels, the waters reached Xikum 6800-7000 years ago, and this settlement was abandoned.
The baseline of the Neolithic village, which remained in the sea for thousands of years, is hidden in the formation of a protective layer next to the swamp. The sea level increased further and entered the Bayrampaşa Creek valley (Lykos) and formed a second bay, creating a natural cove formation. Before this bay, in the 6-4 century BC, it became a shelter for ships from Marmara to the Black Sea. The ceramics on the sea floor prove that Yenikapı Port has a function in the period when ancient Greek cities established colonies along the Black Sea. Emperor Constantine used to distribute free grain to the people in the city where he was the capital of MS 330, just like in ancient Rome.
Emperor I. Theodosius, who felt the need for an arrangement for the distribution, transportation and storage of these grains, built a large port in the deep cove formed in the mouth of the Lykos Stream. II. Theodosius built the city walls that surrounded the city from both the land and the sea. Over time it became a port worthy of the capital. Moreover, only the grain was not carried; wine, fish and building materials are also included in commercial goods. In the 641, 11 has lost its importance with the passage of Egypt into the hands of the Arabs. century The port was filled with the shafts of Lykos and some of the buildings were built. Located in the excavations and 13. century small church and written sources show that the region is the Jewish quarter. 15. When Fatih Sultan Mehmet conquered the city in the 19th century, the region was full of land and the name was Vlanga, Langa, as in the Byzantine period. The excavations included many water wells belonging to the Ottoman period, as well as cisterns and water cupboards.
In the last period of the Ottoman Empire, the port was known as Küçük Langa. During the Republican period, the remaining banks were opened for housing. So much so that the area was full of multi-storey apartments when the excavations started. 600 workers, 60 archaeologists, seven architects, six restorers and six art historian for nine years working in the field of total 353 thousand 624 cubic meters of earth were manually excavated. Reached under the 6.3 meter of sea level, 8000 changed its history software from the year-old neolithic settlement of Istanbul. Footprints from a few meters below this settlement are the common heritage of humanity. It is also important to preserve this heritage as much as the extraction and to pass it on to future generations. With the Law No. 2860, non-proprietary artifacts are buried back, leaving a coin from the present to the future. The largest collection of caves provided by the excavation, the archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological data is very important.
Many secrets under water for thousands of years; different animal and plant species in the combination of diversity, trade and eating habits hints on the surface. These excavations are now at the Istanbul Archeology Museum's Stories from the Hidden Port-Yenikapı Wrecks exhibition. 25 The exhibition, which can be visited until December; As he wrote in his catalog, he offers a section from the first inhabitants of the city to the present and provides a multi-dimensional view of the life of Constantinople. THE MOST OLD PORT OF THE WORLD The archaeological excavation of the ancient harbor for the first time in Istanbul. The excavations started at 2004 are a great 'salvage excavation'. The port area is huge. The 58 is over a thousand square meters of which the 40 thousand square meters are hands. Before the Ottoman traces were reached. And surprisingly the first news that came from a very little depth. Only a meter deep found the most important port of Constantinople. This is the oldest port of the world known as 'Theodosius Port'.