The railway line will bring you to the Black Sea to Haliçl: built to carry coal to Turkey's first power plant, during the War of Independence Eyup Baruthanesi from Kastamonu kidnapped guns loaded, the war finished carrying passengers to the village and Black Sea in the forest and from Silahtarağa it closed in 1952 The railway line starting from Ağaçlı and Karaburun to Terkos will be reopened. This road will connect the two seas, meet the third circumference near Çiftalan and connect the Golden Horn to the Anatolian side.
Today we will tell you the story of a very different railway. The adventure begins in the harsh conditions of the First World War. Turkey's first electric production center, Istanbul glaringly illuminating the Silahtarağa Power Plant ships carrying coal from Zonguldak bombed by the Russians. Istanbul stays in the dark before enjoying the light it has just known. This train line was started to be built by Kemerburgaz and Ağaçlı in 1 to carry coal to the power plant. The first stage is established between Silahtarağa and Ağaçlı. Two seas meet; The Golden Horn and the Black Sea are connected by a dream railway. The construction of the first stage, which is 1915 kilometers, is completed in eight months and the second stage is passed. The road is first extended to Karaburun and then to Terkos. First it was carrying coal, then it was a passenger. Like this poem, the railway, which passes through streams, forests, embankments and under historical aqueducts, was closed in 62. Rails are dismantled, bridges fall apart, memories fly away. Everything is forgotten. One day in 1952, two men meet, who were chasing this railway, unaware of each other. One of these gentlemen is Prof. Emre Dölen is the other collector Mert Sandalcı. Emre Dölen is a chemist, but also interested in industrial history. This curiosity and research carried him to the founding director of the Rahmi Koç Museum. Actually, it was Prof. Dr. It starts with Dölen's grandfather. Dede Hasan Mukadder Bey is an important bureaucrat in Düyunu Ümumiye, which follows the foreign debts of the Ottoman state.
PHOTOS TO ENVER PAŞA
When the First World War started, he was enlisted and assigned to the Ayastefanos (Yeşilköy) Şimendüfer Regiment. Hasan Mukadder Bey is a photography enthusiast that can be called a patient. He has the classiest machines of the era. For this reason, it is up to him to photograph the new railway that started in Silahtarağa. After this photo adventure, which continues from the beginning of the railway construction to the opening ceremony, one example of the album, which emerged, devotes the other to Enver Pasha. Finally, this collection is left to his grandson Emre Dölen. Mert Sandalcı, who calls himself a micro historian, collects photographs and postcards on various subjects. He collects them and conducts research on unknown, hidden and hidden historical periods. At the end of the 1980s, Sandalcı received the construction snapshots taken on the Silahtarağa railway, episodes from the opening ceremony and various family photographs taken on the train line. Some of the photos you will see on these pages belong to Mert Bey's collection. Here these two men meet at a postcard auction. They both want to buy a railroad frame. So they meet. And they decide to combine their collections and do joint research. Prof. Dr. He has a detailed knowledge of Dölen train line. He finally decides to write a book. The work comes out after two years of work. At this point, a third person named Hüseyin Irmak steps in. Irmak, who is a journalist and the press advisor of the municipality, also comes across information about this railway while doing research on Kağıthane in the state archives. He also finds a map of the train line in the IRCICA archive. Combine them and set out from Silahtarağa. And he's traveling the whole line. While doing research on the photographs of the railway, he reaches the two researchers we mentioned above. And so, even if the book of the past is not closed, it is completed, a step is taken towards the future. Hüseyin Irmak suggests that the book is published by the Kağıthane Municipality. They accept it and the work is published. When I became aware of this book, I also made an extensive report on the railway in the newspaper I worked at that time. During the interviews, "Isn't it possible to rebuild this railway?" I asked. Because a large part of the land belonging to the train line still belonged to the Treasury.
A SINGLE TREE WILL NOT BE CUTTED
In addition, not a single tree grew on the line where the line is, thanks to the tar and impregnation wastes on the sleepers thrown on the ground where the rails will pass while the railway was built. As you can see in the photos on these pages, the road through the Belgrad Forests is obvious as if it was made yesterday. Therefore, there will be no need to cut a single tree in the corridors where the train will pass. I asked the Metropolitan Mayor of the period, Ali Müfit Gürtuna, about the rebuilding of the railway. He said, "It can happen." In 2003, a meeting was held at the Rahmi Koç Museum under the chairmanship of Gürtuna. Prof. Dr. Dölen, Mert Sandalcı, Hüseyin Irmak and I attended. The parties expressed their dreams and projects regarding the railway. However, the project was shelved on the grounds that the municipal budget could not meet this at that time. Kağıthane Mayor Fazıl Kılıç has been closely interested in this project since the day he took office. He also told the Mayor of the Metropolitan Municipality, Kadir Topbaş, and invited him to a tour on the line in Kağıthane. Topbaş got involved in the project after this trip and last year Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced to the whole world that the railway would be rebuilt.
HÜSEYİN IRMAK: THIS TRAIN ROAD TESTS THE MODERN HISTORY OF ISTANBUL
Let's go back to the beginning and take a look at the story of the railway. Let's leave the floor here to Hüseyin Irmak. Irmak gives us the following information about the history of the railway in his comprehensive research called Kağıthane History Inventory: In the triangle where Kağıthane and Alibey streams flow into the Golden Horn, the Silahtarağa Electricity Factory / Power Plant, which was established by the Hungarian Ganz company in 1912 and started to provide electricity to the city as of 1914, works with coal. Under the conditions of World War I, the shipment of coal imported for the plant from England, which was at war, stops. On the other hand, Firma-i Hayriye ships carrying coal from Karadeniz Ereğli are sunk by the Russian navy.
LOCOMOTIVE AND WAGONS FROM GERMANY
Due to the risk of coal-free power plant, ships and other factories and the city being without electricity, it is decided to establish a decoil line from the Black Sea to the Golden Horn through the forest after testing the availability of the lignite coal of Ağaçlı and Çiftalan basin, which has been known to exist since Byzantine times but has never been used industrially. . Known as Kagithane Railway, but the official name of the Golden Horn Black Sea Field Line, the decovil line is established by the military unit in Yesilkoy, known as the Ayastefanos Simendüfer Regiment, but the official name is the General Directorate of Railway Regiment-Communication and Muvasala Inspectorate Şimendüfer Continent, with the work of the Corlu Labor Battalion. Germans were also involved in the construction organization. The prefabricated rails, locomotives and wagons used are made in Germany and are brought to Yeşilköy by ships via the Danube River and from there to Kağıthane by sea. The first line is established between Kağıthane-Ağaçlı. The second stage is built on the Çiftalan line. The total length is 62 kilometers. The number of stations is nine. A total of 24 pairs of trains have a power of 960 net tons. The train length is eight wagons. Kagithane Dekovil Line is used in railroad trainers' shimendüfer courses as well as coal transportation. The staff trained in the Kağıthane Course performed important services on Anatolian railways during the War of Independence. Weapons and ammunition are smuggled over the Kağıthane Railway from Silahtarağa to Kagithane in the Kagithane Gunpowder Warehouse, which is located near the stream and sealed by the British occupation forces. One of the leading names in this activity is Mebus Mahmut Naci Bey, one of the founders of Beşiktaş Gymnastics Club. In line with the instructions of Mahmut Naci Bey, Hüseyin Ağa from Kağıthane Village organizes the smuggling of weapons with about 40 young people from the village.
THE WAR HEROES HERO
On the nights when the shipment will be made, the English soldiers in the village police station are entertained with musical instruments, and the soldiers are completely drunk in the following hours. Then, the train used by Seftren Sergeant İbrahim Efendi leaves, passes the Kağıthane and Ayazağa police stations quietly and reaches Karaburun via Ağaçlı. There are about 40 soldiers on the train. According to the instruction he received, Sergeant İbrahim will take his soldiers off the train and put them into combat if the train is stopped while passing through the Ayazağa British Garrison, and the train will continue on its way without stopping. We act according to this instruction for a year and the ammunition is loaded into the tanks waiting in Karaburun and sent to İnebolu. While we were doing research on this line, we revealed that the train route, after meeting with the Black Sea in Ağaçlı, turned south from another line and met with the first line in Kemerburgaz. And we thought this railroad was just that. However, while doing research in the archives, we saw that the train line Silahtarağa-Karaburun and again Silahtarağa-Terkos was mentioned. Later, when we started to trace this, we found that the railway stretched over Karaburun to Terkos in the following years. This entire line remains idle in the 1920s when the war is over and the coal shortage is over. During the Republic period, the mines and the line transferred to Etibank are tendered for operation, but no claimants are issued. The line, which was used for the transportation of soldiers and the transport of wood from the forest until the Second World War, was dismantled with a decision taken in 1952. The material from here is transported to another mining area in the military zone in Çanakkale. Afterwards, the fate of locomotives, wagons and rails is uncertain.
PHASE SWORD: TWO SEAS WILL MEET HALIC, WILL BE CONNECTED TO ANATOLIAN SIDE
This railway is a very important milestone in the history of Kağıthane. If we let the traces of this road disappear completely and we do not rebuild it, we would do a great disservice to history. Before I became the mayor, as an ordinary citizen of Istanbul, I was dreaming of this railway. As soon as I took office, I got the whole archive in front of me and thought long and hard about what to do. I got information about this from historians and technical men. I talked to the State Railways administration and made a mapping study on the old line. After the completion of the mapping work carried out jointly by the Kağıthane Municipality and the State Railways teams, we invited the Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Mr. Kadir Topbaş, to inform him on the railway and its route. We have seen that Mayor Topbaş is knowledgeable and interested in this matter. We gave a detailed briefing about the map and the route. Kadir Bey called TCDD General Manager at a moment of this briefing we gave along the way and asked for technical support. Immediately after this visit, Kadir Topbaş gave the Istanbul Metropolitan Planning Bureau an order to include the line in maps and plans and to design the project for the rebuilding of the railway. As a result of this instruction, the working group established in the Metropolitan Plan Bureau toured the land, made a helicopter flight on the line and prepared a preliminary study. The draft project was completed in April 2009. This road will bring the two seas together.
PRIME MINISTER GIVES THE Gospel
After this stage, we continued our work in the field. We reached a certain stage by consulting with Eyüp, the other district where the line passes. In his speech at the opening ceremony of the Black Sea water canal that moved to Kağıthane last year, our Prime Minister gave the good news that the Silahtar - Ağaçlı railway line will be rebuilt. Thus, our century-old dream began to come true. This train line joins the Third Bosphorus Bridge near the village of Çiftalan in the north. You know that there will be a train line on this road. We will also establish a transfer station at the junction of our train line with the new road. Thus, those who want to move to the Asian side will be able to get off our train and get on another. Thus, the Golden Horn will be connected to the Anatolian side.
STRAWBERRY, APPLE FLOWERS AND CHERRY VILLAGES IN ROUTE
Istanbul Tourism Workshop, established by the Metropolitan Municipality, prepared a very nice draft project for this railway. According to this project, a planning is foreseen for the villages located on the route through which the line passes. Master Architect Tülin Ersöz, Head of Istanbul Tourism Workshop, gave the following information about the project: “There are seven villages on the route of the railway that still bear the traces of the past. Çiftalan, Ağaçlı, Karaburun, Kömürcüpınar, Akpınar, Terkos, and Karabayır. During the construction of the railway, various functions will be assigned to these villages and support for tourism will be given. Mayor Kadir Topbaş approved that one of these villages is strawberry, one is apple, another is pomegranate, and the fourth is cherry and sour cherry village. There are very few apartments in the villages. These will be expropriated or by encouraging their owners, the groundwork will be prepared for Istanbul villages to be built according to the traditional architecture. Istanbul Governorship Special Provincial Administration is also preparing a serious project to protect the classical building types in the villages of the city. This is a very urgent situation, because after a while, we will not be able to show our children a place called the village of Istanbul. If we protect the villages on the train line, we will have seven. As you know, the Metropolitan Municipality Directorate of Parks and Gardens started a project to produce flowers in the city in villages around Istanbul. Both villages on the train line turn into flower farms.
FARM HOUSE AND BOARD
Citizens and tourists who depart for the Black Sea by train can get apples from the trees, strawberries from the fields, flowers from the gardens by getting off at the station they want, and continue on their way by paying the producers for the baskets, fruits and flowers. For those who do not go on their way but want to stay, we are planning to encourage farm accommodation and pensions in the villages where stations are located.
Source : www.sabah.com.t is