Russian Railways (RJD) pass their Turkish counterparts: Recently, Güven Sak, one of the popular columnists of the newspaper "Radikal", drew the attention of his readers how he passed his Turkish counterparts in the logistics race of "Russian Railways" (RJD). In the corner of Sak, “While we are dealing with romantic affairs in the Middle East, Russians connect China to Europe by rail via Russia. The Russians win the first round of the new 'Big Game' in Central Asia. Russian railroad giant RJD, the Republic of Turkey State Railways (TCDD) is undergoing, "he wrote.
The American newspaper New York Times, which is why Turkish journalists to come to this conclusion, Turkey's news was released regarding the Euro-Asian rail transport corridors remain outside.
Regular rail container transportation on the China - Europe route, which runs through Kazakhstan and Russia, started in June 2012, but its preparations were started much earlier.
According to Ömer Faruk Görçün, head of the Logistics Program at Kadir Has University, the cooperation between RJD and China rail is very important for the integration of the Russian railways into the Eurasian transportation system. However, due to the fundamental differences between TCDD and RJD, TCDD will not have the capacity to compete with RJD in the near future.
There are serious fundamental differences between the two countries. Russia's system with Turkey's system is basically different from each other. First of all, our rail systems are very different. In other words, the range of railways used by the former USSR countries is different. We use the European Union system more. Therefore, transportations in Russia are faster and rail costs are higher, which means that they can carry a higher volume load, so the costs are lower. Other than that, there are some differences in terms of the infrastructure. The Russians have developed the system a little more. The fountains on their terminals are more suitable.
The Russians have achieved the integration of the port and the railway very well. Especially distressed from the railway connections at Derince, its outside Ambarli harbor and other harbors. We do, for example, with the tools we call 'Dafi'. I've worked with a few of the Russian ports one by one, there's a glimpse of a container around 2.5 minutes. In our case, this is about 16-17 minutes. When we compare it, a ship is raised and loaded to the railroad, it takes about 7-8 times more time, which is already deadly in logistics.
For example, Russian railways can use 80 containers. This is an application we call gabari railways. I'm talking about the dimensions and dimensions of the wagons. While they can carry 80 containers, the more you load the load, the lower the costs of the measurement economy, the more we can carry 40 containers. In other words, in terms of volume, the position of the Russians to move and give low cost is not available for now.
The Russian Railways closely follows the developments regarding the railway projects in Central Asia, the Caucasus and Europe, as well as the Chinese route. Russian Railways is also closely involved in the privatization of the "BDZ Cargo" company, one of the largest freight forwarding companies in Bulgaria, where Turkish shipping companies are also actively cooperating.
Bulgaria has become one of the most important warehousing countries of the region with the suggestion or direction of the international system. Especially this is the port of Burgas, the port of Varna. And there is a process of developing short-distance sea transportation that Russia cares so much about. Especially there is the port of Novorossiysk, there is Supsa port, there are a few more ports in Sochi. They connect the sea directly to Bulgaria and try to make the transfer very fast. Therefore, an investment in Bulgaria is very important for Russia.
mi ha does not mean that Turkey's business? Definitely come. But the cargo and transport of Bulgaria, warehouses and investments that cost a considerable amount of money. Turkey's pushing aside these minutes do not suspicion it may enter the passenger transport. Is it the right policy? No, it's not. In particular, Bulgaria's made us move to close the door to Europe from Turkey when it is able to become almost impossible. But the way I summarize the main concerns of Turkey. In other words, it is due to the ability to improve the passenger transportation and transfer the money from the budget to it.
Russia on the right track. Because short-distance development of sea transport, investment in Bulgaria, Russia's East-West axis and the West-East axis, especially the railway transportation shows how much care, which shows us that the connections are well established.
According to Ömer Faruk Görçün, TCDD needs to solve many problems in front of it by crossing a long way to compete with the Russian railways (RJD), one of the world's largest transport companies.
There are a number of problems when we look at TCDD. One of them, one of the biggest problems of State Railways, is the weakness of the logistic infrastructure. The reason for this is that there are serious problems especially in terms of facilities. In particular, the terminal areas are inadequate and the facilities are weak. This is due to a bit of supply demand. That is especially freight transport has been put in a bit more background in Turkey. 2002 years after a serious trend in passenger transport by road, but for example, it carries the burden of Turkey about 95% in freight transport. This situation is both in exports and especially in domestic transportation. Therefore, we can say that the railway is weak due to the lack of sufficient demand. In other words, the 5 6 2023 15 56 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX
However, there are a number of natural problems. For example, we have the problem of crossing the Van Lake, which is still dictated by the European Union, which interrupts all transport as it is. We have to go through Van Lake, which has to be done by ferries and prolongs the time in railway transportation.
Apart from that, we have a trained workforce problem. Currently, if we take into account all of our railway and affiliated partnerships, about 62 a thousand people work, of which only 54 university graduates. I don't know the level of education of Russia very well, but I worked with Ukraine for a while. For example, in Ukraine there is a university called railway state university that only train on the subject of railway and has only 657 academician who is specialized in this field. educational institution for the rail transport organized as a university or faculty in Turkey, unfortunately we do not. This resulted in a considerable increase in the labor force shortage. Of course, we are talking about these courses within the logistics departments, but, of course, do not meet the educated workforce, like the Russian and Ukrainian railways. Therefore, our chances of competing with Russian rail without exceeding these problems are very limited.
Source : the turkish.ruvr.r