The station connecting Anatolia to Istanbul: Haydarpaşa Train Station. Abdülhamid II, on the other hand, was a period when the Ottoman state made breakthroughs in railways and realized big projects. Projects such as the Anatolian-Baghdad railway and the Hejaz railway were railway lines of thousands of kilometers. With this increase in railway capacity, Haydarpaşa station became unable to meet the needs at the beginning of the 20th century.
Selimiye barracks in the construction of the great work of Sultan III.Selim Pasha the name of Haydar Pasha from the neighborhood until the years 1870'li was covered with forests and forests. Its central location is an important route for Istanbul to reach Anatolia. This was where the Ottoman armies often gathered here, while the pilgrim candidates were on their way.
In the period of Sultan Abdülaziz, Haydarpaşa was determined as the starting point of the railway which will connect Istanbul with Anatolia. During his tenure, a railway line from Haydarpaşa to Pendik was built and a year later, extending to Gebze. A small station was built to Haydarpaşa, the starting point of the line.
The period of Abdülhamid II was a period when the Ottoman state made breakthroughs in railways and realized big projects. Projects such as Anatolia-Baghdad railway and Hejaz railway were thousands of kilometers of railway lines. In addition to these large projects, new lines connecting the provinces of Anatolia and bringing them to Istanbul were also being built. With the increase in the railway capacity, Haydarpaşa station was unable to respond to the needs of 20.yy.
For this reason, the initiatives for the construction of the garage in Haydarpaşa were started. An international project competition was held. He was selected as the project of a German company named as Anadolu Baghdad from the projects of many architects from different countries. The construction of two German architects, Otto Ritter and Helmuth Cuno, started in 30 May 1906. The Haydarpaşa Train Station 19, built by a German company called Anadolu Baghdad, was completed in August 1908 and opened with a great ceremony at 4 November 1909.
The architecture of the station building, which is seated on 21 wooden piles, each 1100 m long, is the Prussian newrönesans performed in style. The inner courtyard of the building, which was built with a "U" plan with two arms of different lengths, was positioned to face north and the sea facade to the south. Pink granite from Hereke was used in the foundation of the building, and easily processed, weather-resistant stones from Lefke were used on the outer surface. Its wooden roof was designed as a steep roof, which is frequently used in German architecture. The clock at roof level is decorated with an eagle wing, the symbol of the German Railways. Later, this motif was accepted as the symbol of Turkish railways. The interior decorations and stained glass of Haydarpaşa Train Station were also made by a German artist, Linneman.
Haydarpaşa Train Station has also faced some disasters in the process. 1. During the World War II, Gar was also used as an arsenal in the 6 1917 in 1918. In 1930, the Haydarpasa Station and many other buildings on the site were destroyed by British aircraft. The roof of the building was rebuilt in XNUMX.
Due to the explosion and heat that occurred as a result of the collision of a tanker named Independenta with a ship off Haydarpaşa in 1979, the lead stained glasses of the building, made by a master named O Linneman, were damaged. It was repaired extensively in its original form in 1976 and by the end of 1983 the restoration of four exterior facades and two towers were completed. Finally, the roof of the historical building burned down in the fire on 28 November 2010.
Source : www.dunyabulteni.net