A little journey into the memory of railways
Some are regulated, some to
Sometimes the quarter passes,
Sometimes there are five differentiation,
What does it show, oh, what time?
Whether it is set to abroad or to a row, the clocks full of memories that show only their own time ... Cut from Eskişehir Station to Haydar Pasha, dated 1938, "Only one-time travel leaflet" ... Daily Communication Book with family information of the workers ... In 1933 The Railways Magazine, published in memory of the 10th anniversary of the Republic ... Reproductions of documents, notices, certificates, documents, correspondence, tickets and photographs, which include the concessions to be given to the British for 50 years on the railway to be built between İzmir and Aydın ...
TCDD İzmir Museum and Art Gallery, which is located in a historic two-storey building built by British merchants in the 1800, invites you to a journey on a busy journey with the iron horses passing through the villages to the savannah at 20-30 kilometers. This museum does not have high-speed trains, high-speed technology, no internet access, nor digital watches in modern gar buildings.
The Director of the Museum, Mazlum Beyhan, who was calm as if he was a part of the museum, said, “The retired railroaders come here the most. They stand at the beginning of each object, the photograph, dive into their memories. Sometimes they excitedly share their memories, telling the years, models and strength of the steamers in the photographs. "This museum has a different meaning for them."
The TCDD Museum building was built in the 1800s as a commercial commodity warehouse of British merchants. The building, within walking distance to the harbor, was later used as the administration of British companies. Was restored in 1990, Turkey Railways transformed into the Museum, which displays objects from many regions.
Mazlum Beyhan said, “The anchor figures in the iron embroidery on the entrance door of the building are the best proof that the company is a shipping company. "After the nationalization of the railways, the building, which became the administrative office of the Izmir - Aydin Ottoman Railway Company, served as a lodging for a long time." Beyhan points out that the island where the building is located is an area of great importance both for TCDD and for the historical memory of the city.
In front of the palace in front of the elegant historic building on the main street, passing through a small garden. A motorized drezin in the garden and one of the first fire trucks in İzmir salute you. The two-story building has three rooms at the entrance. In fact, the museum, which is a very narrow space, creates the impression that the memory of a city where the foundations of the first railway line of the Ottoman State were piled up or stacked on top of each other. The tightness of the space makes it difficult for you to notice objects.
The small hall at the entrance is equipped with materials you will encounter when you enter a station. Weighbridge, a leather-covered wooden waiting seat, the timetable showing the train departure times and the 19th century station clocks that have stopped time… The miniature steam locomotive is lined with a cast stove on one side, oil pots, chief train chest and lanterns on the other side.
The room on the right at the entrance is a small room used by the museum director, Mazlum Bey, that has the feature of "a gallery within the gallery". There are pictures, photographs, original printed books and encyclopedias of the Railways compiled by Mazlum Beyhan, donated to the art gallery on the upper floor where the exhibitions are held.
Upon arrival there are two rooms on the left. In the first room, a power plant and a leather operator chair from Balıkesir, a telem machine dated to 1950, lanterns, a station chief table covered with pencil work, a main line power plant for 1860, telegraph machine, a mobile telegraph machine, instructions, red, green colored sign disk with a red hat on display of station officers icon on display.
The objects in the second room on the ground floor are also very interesting. Materials used in railway construction such as wooden sleepers, turrets, wooden branch digging, a rail cut from the Izmir-Aydın railway, the foundation of which was laid in 1856, measuring tools, locomotive whistle, flamethrowers used by road guards, blowers (small-sized flame machine), in the workshops at Alsancak Station. Glass tiles from the British offer a snapshot of the history of railways.
One of the most important works in this area, which was obtained by combining two rooms, is a section of the harem wagon belonging to the Baghdad Railways. The wagon section, whose windows are stained glass, the walls are covered with silk tapestry, and the wooden ceiling is decorated with colorful handcrafts, was discovered by chance from the warehouses of the railways and brought to the museum. The ventilation disc, fan, door handles and ashtrays belonging to the wagon are exhibited in another glass compartment in the same room to protect them from theft. Service sets, flares, plates, cutlery were also included in the glass areas.
A piano that was used in the railways club in the past years seems to be the proof that the social activities were more intense in the 1900s, despite the fact that the sound of the club is now breathless.
In the museum, there are also the sign of the Izmir Railway Hospital, laboratory equipment from the hospital, workplace hours where time cards are printed, and cast iron stoves.
5 thousand 500 people visit the TCDD Museum building a year. Beyhan tells that especially the days when ships arrive at the port, foreign guests are interested. It is free to visit the museum, which is open between 09.00 - 17.30, except Sunday-Monday.
Mazlum Beyhan also says that there is a garden adorned with almond stones at the back of the building and a cellar of approximately 400 square meters under it. He points out that marble has always been used on the outer surfaces of the adjacent buildings as well as the museum building, and he states that these materials most likely came from the marble quarries in Ephesus.
I'm leaving the museum confused. When the Izmir-Aydın railway was established, I get angry with the privileges provided by the British, and I remember with mercy Behiç Erkin, who nationalized the railways. I cross the heavy traffic and cross the road to the section where the station is located.
I look at the area from the post office next to the museum building in the area defined as Sait Altınordu Square to the British Consulate. Then I watch the station complex behind me, the nursery building, the waiting room that is used as a lodging today and the clock tower above it, the nursery right next to it, the Tekel building, and then the Deaf School. I imagine that this magnificent island, a few hundred meters from the harbor, has been transformed into a protected area that is reserved for pedestrians like in the countries of tourism paradise, respecting the memory of the city. I think that tourists coming from the port can take a touristic trip to Selçuk by taking the train from the station.
In the evening traffic in the street lined buses, cars, deaf ears in my ear sounds to myself.
Source : I www.egetelgraf.co