The ropeway is the general name given to the hanging stone which is connected between two places, which are stretched in the air, on one or several steel ropes. The ropeways work with the lift principle, but they can reach very high points from the ground floor, like a helicopter, especially when crossing the valley.
The ropeway is built between the power heights. There are also ones available on a sea or a throat. The places where the ropeways are built are very difficult or too expensive transportation by land, iron and sea. In such areas, the ropeway established between two points is used to carry out human or material transmission. The ropeways where people are transported consist of passenger cabinets hanging on steel ropes.
The ropeway systems, which are generally single direction and single rope circulation, are designed with two or more steel ropes. The other rope (s) of a rope is a carrier rope.
The ropeway systems are separated from each other by means of a clamp (Grip) which is connected to the rope.
- Babylift (start lift)
- Teleskies Top speed 2,4 m/s
- Chair Lifts (with 2/4/6 seater chairs) Top line speed 3,0 m/sec
- Automatic Clamped Chairlift (Detachable Chairlift) Top line speed 5 m/s
- Automatic Clamping Gondola (Detachable Gondola) Top line speed 6 m/s
- Group Gondolas (Pulsed Movement Aerial Ropeways) The highest line speed is 7 m/sec, since these systems are generally installed over short distances, the line speed is set as 3,0 m/sec.
- Var-Gel Type Ropeways (Reversible ropeways) These systems are generally used in field conditions and wide valleys where pole mounting is difficult. The highest line speed is 12,0 m/s.
Combined Systems The basis of these systems is automatic clamping. General structures are designed according to chairs and gondola.
- Multi-rope systemsi constitutes the Var-Gel type ropeways in general. The system, which works with a hammer and several carrier ropes, is used for gondola ropeway systems in areas with high wind rate.
- Some mines also use ropeway systems for material transportation.
The world's longest cable car, Norsjö Cable Car, runs between Örträsk and Mensträsk settlements in Norsjö, Sweden. The length of this line, which was established in 1942, is 13,2 km. The journey time is 1,5 hours.
Uludag Cable Car, Turkey's longest cable car, is in Bursa. It was established in 1963 between Teferrüç district in Yıldırım and Sarıalan plateau in Uludağ. With the transfer at Kadıyayla station, it is 4766 meters long in total. The journey, which starts at an altitude of 374 m, ends after approximately 20 minutes at an altitude of 1634 m. This cable car is also Turkey's first cable car.