Anatolia was introduced to the railway in the last period of the Ottoman Empire. However, a significant part of the lines built during the Ottoman period after the First World War remained outside the borders of today.
The history of the railway on the Ottoman land began in 1851 with the construction of the Cairo-Alexandria railway line of 211 kilometers. The first railway line built within today's national borders was the 1856-kilometer İzmir-Aydın line built in 130. After the Ottoman railway was managed by the road and construction department for a while, the Railway Administration was established in 1872. 4.136 kilometers of the railroads built during that period remained within the national boundaries after the proclamation of the republic. 2.404 kilometers of these lines were operated by foreign companies and 1.377 kilometers by the state.
State railways of the Republic of Turkey was founded in July 22, 1953, was connected to the transport ministry. In the pre-republic period, the railways that served the political and economic interests of others with the privilege given to foreign companies were restructured in the post-republic period. While the political center shifted from the west to central Anatolia, accessibility was expanded towards the same route and east Anatolia. According to this strategy, Kayseri was connected to the railway network in 1927, Sivas in 1930, Malatya in 1931, Niğde in 1933, Elazığ in 1934, Diyarbakır in 1935 and Erzurum in 1939.
The total length of the railways, which were built in the period from the foundation of the Republic until 1950, exceeded 35oo kilometers. Thus, the four corners of the country were connected by iron networks.
With the developments in the automotive industry and the increase in highways after the 1950s, rail transportation remained in the foreground. However, the investment in railways in Turkey's 2023 targets and new projects, holds an important place. So much so that by 2023, the investment in railway projects is expected to reach $ 45 billion.
Railways modernization and new railway projects, turned the attention of international investors in this field in Turkey. According to the transport master plan strategy of 2023, when the railroad projects and logistics villages are completed, the passenger transport market share is expected to reach 15 percent and freight transport will reach 20 percent.
Countdown for Marmaray
There are few days left for the Marmaray project, which connects the two sides of the Bosphorus with a tube gate. With Marmaray, which will be put into service this year, the Asian and European scarce will be linked 41 meters below ground. Moreover, the installation of catenary systems to meet the energy needs of the trains that will operate will be finished in January 2013. Test drives will begin in May 2013 with the energizing.
315 trains imported for Marmaray, which is described as the “project of the century”, are held in Haydarpaşa and Edirne. In fact, the ones that are taken from the trains to be used are used in the existing suburban line. The opening ceremony of Marmaray will be held on October 90, 29, the 2013th anniversary of the founding of the republic.
In the first stage, the 13 kilometers long Kazlıçeşme-Ayrılıkçeşme will open. The lines of the line in Üsküdar, Sirkeci and Yenikapı will be located underground. The project, which has a total cost of 3 billion dollars, will also breathe to Istanbul traffic. The line will also be used for freight transport at night.
Kars Tbilisi Baku Railway
Turkey is also one of the east-west direction, which makes the project even more significant "Iron Silk Road" also called the Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway project ...
The line, also known as the “iron silk road”, will connect Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, to Kars by passing through the cities of Tbilisi and Ahılkelek in Georgia. The length of the line is about 180 kilometers. The 76-kilometer railway section took part in the territory of Turkey, 29 kilometers in Georgia, while 80 kilometers will take place in Azerbaijan. The total cost of the project is expected to be around $ 450 million.
The existing lines in the east-west corridor are currently without function due to the disagreements between Azerbaijan and Armenia. In this respect, the project constitutes an important alternative for transportation in the east-west corridor. With the completion of the Marmaray project in the Bosphorus and the Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railroad, it will be possible to carry uninterrupted cargo from Europe to China.
When Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway enters service, transporting 3 million tons of cargo per year in the medium term; 2034 16 500 1 500 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX
Yüksek Hızlı Tren
said studies related to the high speed train will contribute to Turkey's economy exceed $ 800 million annually to speed continues unabated. The priority of the project, Turkey's high-speed trains to connect with the four largest cities ...
Turkey, the world's high-speed train technology with the completion of the project, the eighth, will be the sixth country in Europe. 2023 targets in the framework of the length of the railway network in Turkey will be increased to 25 thousand kilometers. 10 thousand kilometers of this will form high-speed train lines. New lines will not only facilitate transportation; it will also help economic, social and cultural development.
Ankara-Istanbul line is approaching the end of the work. The line is scheduled to be put into service simultaneously with the Marmaray project on September, 30. This is even aimed at transporting 17 million passengers every year.
It is expected that the Ankara-Izmir line, which will transport approximately 6 million passengers annually, will be operational in 2015. By road, the 8 hour road will go down to 3,5 by high-speed train. With the Ankara-Bursa project, the journeys between the two cities will be reduced to 2 hours 15 minutes. It envisions even transporting 6 million passengers per year.
With the introduction of new lines, energy costs will be significantly reduced. Labor loss will be prevented, time will be saved and the load on the roads will be alleviated.
Source : I www.sondevir.co