Hicaz Railway, II. It is a part of the railways of the Ottoman Empire, which was built by Abdülhamit between 1900-1908 between Damascus and Medina. German engineer Meissner was at the head of the railroad's technical work. In the construction of Hicaz Railway, 2666 masonry bridges and culverts, seven iron bridges, nine tunnels, 96 stations, seven ponds, 37 water tanks, two hospitals and three workshops were built.
The Hejaz Railway was built specifically to strengthen the transportation between Istanbul and the Holy Land, facilitating the transportation of the troops to be transported to these areas, the pilgrimage to go to the pilgrimage more safely and to increase the economic power of the Arab countries.
However, the work of German engineers is especially on the wishes to facilitate transportation to the Hejaz region by starting in Berlin, Germany and passing through Istanbul. At that time, Egypt was under British occupation and Suez Canal was under control. The shortest way for a front that the Germans plan to open in the British and Egypt directly on the Ottoman lands would be through this iron.
The construction of the railway began in 1900, mainly in the construction of Turkish and regional workers, but also received the technical advice and support of the Germans, many German engineers also took part in the production. Another railway in the same years is the Berlin-Baghdad railway.
After the construction, there was trouble. The Arab tribes, particularly those who were robbed of robbery and plundering the Haji clans, targeted the railway this time, and the people in the region attempted to dismantle the traverse and use them in their own works.
The railway could not be extended to Mecca, which is the main destination of transportation. Hicaz Railway could not reach its target.