Hijaz Railway, II. It was built by Abdülhamit in 1900-1908 between Damascus and Medina and is a part of the railways of the Ottoman Empire starting from Istanbul. At the beginning of the technical works of the railway was the German engineer Meissner. Xnumx masonry bridge and culvert, seven iron bridges, nine tunnels, 2666 station, seven ponds, 96 water reservoir, two hospitals and three workshops were built in the Hejaz Railway construction.
The Hejaz Railway was built specifically to strengthen the transportation between Istanbul and the Holy Land, facilitating the transportation of the troops to be transported to these areas, the pilgrimage to go to the pilgrimage more safely and to increase the economic power of the Arab countries.
However, the work of the German engineers is especially about the wishes of Germany to start in Berlin and to facilitate transportation to the Hejaz region through Istanbul. At that time, Egypt was under British occupation and under the control of the Suez Canal. This will be the shortest route to the Germans in the future, with a direct route to Egypt, where they are planning to open directly on the Ottoman territory.
The construction of the railway began in 1900, mainly in the construction of Turkish and regional workers, but also received the technical advice and support of the Germans, many German engineers also took part in the production. Another railway in the same years is the Berlin-Baghdad railway.
After the construction, there was trouble. The Arab tribes, particularly those who were robbed of robbery and plundering the Haji clans, targeted the railway this time, and the people in the region attempted to dismantle the traverse and use them in their own works.
The railway could not be extended to Mecca, the main transportation point. The Hejaz Railway did not reach its target.