Within the scope of the Marmaray Metro Project, the archaeological findings of Yenikapı were approached at the end of the 8 archeological excavations, which were headed by the Istanbul Archeology Museums Directorate.
During the excavations that brought the history of Istanbul to the pre-8 bin 500 today, the boats, daily objects, maritime materials, footprints, and beliefs were restored and will be presented to the visitors at the museum to be built in Yenikapı.
Zeynep Kızıltan, the head of the Istanbul Archeology Museum and Yenikapı excavation site, told AA correspondent that the archaeological excavations were started by the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications and the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality in order to solve the transportation problems of Istanbul.
Indicating that the sea level in 2004 excavations started on the 3 meter and that it is now running at minus 10 meters, Kızıltan said eks We have completed the 90 of our works in both Marmaray and metro area. We only have one 10 excavation stage in the metro area. However, our workshops continue. This 8 annual process of the Republican, Ottoman, Byzantine and prehistoric period neolithic settlement areas were uncovered.
Kızıltan, explaining that they have achieved two important points since the beginning of the excavations, said:
In The first one is the exposition of the port of Theodosius, one of the important transportation ports of Byzantium, and the detection of the 35 boat of various dates within this port. Another important result is the uncovering of the Neolithic settlement, which is the earliest settlement of Istanbul, especially the historical peninsula, under the harbor fill. This was very important because the history of Istanbul was going up to a certain period. From these excavations, the date of Istanbul's history has been retreated from the present-day 8 bin 500, especially with the revelation of this settlement in the historical peninsula. This is important for Istanbul and has brought a lot of memory to the city. Önem
He added that the station building of Marmaray is now underway, that the field works are completely over, and that the workshops are continuing, and that the workshops have a one-year period.
Emphasizing that thousands of materials and artifacts have been uncovered in the excavations, Kızıltan stated that documenting, drawing, photographing and archiving these works is a long process.
Kızıltan, concurrently with the Yenikapı excavations in the archaeological excavations carried out by the Istanbul Archaeological Museums Sirkeci and the Byzantine and Ottoman period that shed light on the past of the city, the results of significant results, he added.
- Daily life 35-40 bin case material-
Kızıltan, who gave information about the workshops, said, “About 35-40 bin case material such as amphorae, bowl and metal objects belonging to daily life was removed from the excavation area. These works are documented in the excavation area, they all gain an identity and are then sent to the workshop. Pre-inventory is in progress. These materials are then taken to the conservation and restoration workshop. Cleaning, drawing, documenting, photographing. Each piece is a population paper. Lastly, he is being transported to Istanbul Archeology Museum periodically to be exhibited in the future. Son
He said that they work with a great team in Yenikapı and that they cooperate with the related disciplines of many universities in Turkey and abroad. Especially, the Istanbul Archeology Museum experts and archaeologists have a great contribution.
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, which will be exhibited in the Yenikapı excavations as a result of the competition for the museum won the first prize of the 3 project, but reminds one that will be applied Kızıltan, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality carried out studies on this issue, said that they wish to meet with Istanbullular as soon as possible.
40 thousand artifacts were uncovered in Yenikapı excavations and 8 3 shifts were carried out 24 hours in the year, while 500 watches were carried out with 60 workers and XNUMX workers were working closely with XNUMX.
Xnumx bin case material from the Marmaray region continued to work on the operation of Kızıltan, Yenikapı excavation site 40 bin case material to be documented, he said.
-2 was released to close to a thousand
Kızıltan stated that the works related to the historical boats were long-termed, ın Because these boats are wet and organic material. After they were excavated, they were removed by the experts. We will pass the desalination processes, which we call passive conservation. As a result of these processes, some chemicals will be impregnated and then dried. After the drying process, each piece will be reassembled to transform the boat into its original form. After these operations, boats will be exhibited. These processes will take place over an annual period of 5-10. We will exhibit the boats that ended the process first in the museum. İşlem
In the excavations of the prehistoric Neolithic layer in the footprint of about a thousand thousand 2 was revealed that Kızıltan, the footprint of the small 500'in thousand of these footprints were taken and the conservation process continued, he said.
The conservation process is also a long process, indicating that Kızıltan, the footprints of the soil is trying to freeze without trying to be put together like the pieces of the decay. Kızıltan said that these footprints will be exhibited in the museum.
As a result of excavations in the port area, as well as a number of commercially brought materials related to the daily life of the people, shipwreck and belief about the occurrence of the Red Crescent, in these works, as a mine of valuable, semi-valued findings also took place in the mine, he said.
- 58 - 3 - 1 - 19 - XNUMX - XNUMX - XNUMX - XNUMX - XNUMX. century, small ruins of small workshops and workshops were found.
- Between the minus 1 meters and the minus 6,30 meters, the port of Theodosius, the largest port of the Early Byzantine Period, was unearthed.
-The port of Theodosius, which was built by the I. Theodosius (379-395) by the mouth of Lykos (Bayrampaşa) River to meet the needs of the growing new capital of the Roman Empire, has lost a significant part of its function as a result of the shafts carried by the Lykos Stream. 11 as a port, though, accommodates small ships and boats. 7-11 was found during the excavations.
- In the excavations carried out in three separate areas, 13 in the Marmaray excavation area, 22 in different measurements and types, including 511 in the Metro excavation area. 35 boat remains dated to centuries have been unearthed.
- Yenikapı shipwrecks, which constitute one of the largest boat collections of the world with the largest repertoire, provide important information about the Byzantine period ship typology, shipbuilding technologies and the development of this technology.
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-Liman is emitted on the filler and MS 12-13. The ruins of the church, dated to centuries and decided to move to the relevant council, were also taken under protection.
- During the excavations under the base fill of Theodosius Port, a simple stone-based branch-like architectural remains of the Neolithic period, with approximately -6,30 meters below the current sea level, and the detection of (hoker) and urne burials (small cubic graves) in a shrunken position around these remains. contributed to the understanding of the Neolithization process of the region.
- The use of wood in the Neozithic period grave architecture was rarely encountered in the. Cenikapı Metro excavation site.
-The historical settlement of the Historic Peninsula has been approximately 8 bin 500 years old. The finds from the Neolithic Period in this area were similar to the Ne Fikirtepe Culture burg and Böl Yarimburgaz 4 'phases of the Neolithic Periods of the Istanbul Region.
Xinx thousand works starting from the Neolithic period and reaching to the present day and shedding light on the history of the city were documented and presented to the service of science.
Source : www.haberciniz.biz