The archaeological excavations that started 8 years ago under the presidency of the Istanbul Archeology Museums Directorate on the archaeological findings in Yenikapı within the scope of the Marmaray Metro Project have come to an end.
During the excavations that brought the history of Istanbul to the pre-8 bin 500 today, the boats, daily objects, maritime materials, footprints, and beliefs were restored and will be presented to the visitors at the museum to be built in Yenikapı.
Zeynep Kızıltan, the Director of the Istanbul Archeology Museum and the head of the Yenikapı excavation site, reminded the AA reporter that they have started archaeological excavations due to the projects carried out by the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications and the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality to solve the transportation problems of Istanbul.
Stating that the excavations started 2004 meters above sea level in 3 and are currently continuing at minus 10 meters, Kızıltan said, “We have completed 90 percent of our work in both Marmaray and the metro area. We only have a 10 percent excavation stage in the metro area. However, our workshops continue. During this 8-year period, neolithic settlements belonging to the Republic, Ottoman, Byzantine and prehistoric periods have been unearthed since today ”.
Kızıltan, explaining that they have achieved two important points since the beginning of the excavations, said:
“The first of these is the discovery of Theodosius Port, one of the important transportation ports of Byzantium, and the detection of 35 boats from various dates in this port. Another important result is the discovery of a Neolithic settlement, which is the earliest settlement of Istanbul, especially the historical peninsula, under the harbor fill. This was very important because until today, the history of Istanbul dates back to a certain period. As of these excavations, especially with the unearthing of this settlement in the historical peninsula, the history of Istanbul has been pulled back 8 years from today. This is important for Istanbul and has a lot to do with the memory of the city. kazanThese excavations have been done.”
Stating that the station building of Marmaray is now unearthed, the field work of that section is completely finished and the workshops continue, Kızıltan said that the workshops have a one-year duration.
Emphasizing that thousands of materials and artifacts have been uncovered in the excavations, Kızıltan stated that documenting, drawing, photographing and archiving these works is a long process.
Kızıltan, concurrently with the Yenikapı excavations in the archaeological excavations carried out by the Istanbul Archaeological Museums Sirkeci and the Byzantine and Ottoman period that shed light on the past of the city, the results of significant results, he added.
- Daily life 35-40 bin case material-
Providing information about the workshops, Kızıltan said, “About 35-40 thousand boxes of daily life materials such as amphorae, bowls and metalware were unearthed from the excavation area. These artifacts are first documented in the excavation area, all of them are an identity. kazanIt is then sent to the workshop. Pre-inventory is in progress. These materials are then taken to the conservation and restoration workshop. Cleaning processes are drawn, documented and photographed. Each piece has an identity card. Finally, it is periodically transferred to the Istanbul Archeology Museum to be exhibited in the future.”
He said that they work with a great team in Yenikapı and that they cooperate with the related disciplines of many universities in Turkey and abroad. Especially, the Istanbul Archeology Museum experts and archaeologists have a great contribution.
The first prize of 3 projects as a result of the competition opened by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality for the museum where the artifacts unearthed from the Yenikapı excavations will be exhibited. kazanReminding that there is only one project but one will be implemented, Kızıltan stated that the studies on this subject are carried out by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and that they wish these works to meet with the people of Istanbul as soon as possible.
Kızıltan stated that 40 thousand artifacts were unearthed in the Yenikapı excavations and that the work was carried out in 8 shifts for 3 hours in 24 years, and that work was carried out with 500 workers and nearly 60 experts in both areas.
Xnumx bin case material from the Marmaray region continued to work on the operation of Kızıltan, Yenikapı excavation site 40 bin case material to be documented, he said.
-2 was released to close to a thousand
Kızıltan stated that the works related to the historical boats were long-termed, ın Because these boats are wet and organic material. After they were excavated, they were removed by the experts. We will pass the desalination processes, which we call passive conservation. As a result of these processes, some chemicals will be impregnated and then dried. After the drying process, each piece will be reassembled to transform the boat into its original form. After these operations, boats will be exhibited. These processes will take place over an annual period of 5-10. We will exhibit the boats that ended the process first in the museum. İşlem
Kızıltan said that nearly 2 footprints were unearthed in the Neolithic layer belonging to the prehistoric period during the excavations, and said that 500 of these footprints were cut small and that the conservation process continues.
The conservation process is also a long process, indicating that Kızıltan, the footprints of the soil is trying to freeze without trying to be put together like the pieces of the decay. Kızıltan said that these footprints will be exhibited in the museum.
As a result of excavations in the port area, as well as a number of commercially brought materials related to the daily life of the people, shipwreck and belief about the occurrence of the Red Crescent, in these works, as a mine of valuable, semi-valued findings also took place in the mine, he said.
- 58 - 3 - 1 - 19 - XNUMX - XNUMX - XNUMX - XNUMX - XNUMX. century, small ruins of small workshops and workshops were found.
- Between the minus 1 meters and the minus 6,30 meters, the port of Theodosius, the largest port of the Early Byzantine Period, was unearthed.
-The port of Theodosius, which was built by the I. Theodosius (379-395) by the mouth of Lykos (Bayrampaşa) River to meet the needs of the growing new capital of the Roman Empire, has lost a significant part of its function as a result of the shafts carried by the Lykos Stream. 11 as a port, though, accommodates small ships and boats. 7-11 was found during the excavations.
- In the excavations carried out in three separate areas, 13 in the Marmaray excavation area, 22 in different measurements and types, including 511 in the Metro excavation area. 35 boat remains dated to centuries have been unearthed.
- Yenikapı shipwrecks, which constitute one of the largest boat collections of the world with the largest repertoire, provide important information about the Byzantine period ship typology, shipbuilding technologies and the development of this technology.
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-Liman is emitted on the filler and MS 12-13. The ruins of the church, dated to centuries and decided to move to the relevant council, were also taken under protection.
- During the excavations under the base fill of Theodosius Port, a simple stone-based branch-like architectural remains of the Neolithic period, with approximately -6,30 meters below the current sea level, and the detection of (hoker) and urne burials (small cubic graves) in a shrunken position around these remains. contributed to the understanding of the Neolithization process of the region.
- The use of wood in the Neozithic period grave architecture was rarely encountered in the. Cenikapı Metro excavation site.
-Yenikapı Neolithic settlement carried the settlement history of the Historic Peninsula approximately 8 years from today. It was observed that the Neolithic Period finds obtained from this area were similar to the "Fikirtepe Culture" and "Yarimburgaz 500" phase, which are called the Istanbul Region Neolithic Period Communities.
Xinx thousand works starting from the Neolithic period and reaching to the present day and shedding light on the history of the city were documented and presented to the service of science.
Source : www.haberciniz.biz