Unknowns About CAF Brand YHT High Speed ​​​​Train

Unknowns About CAF Brand YHT High Speed ​​​​Train
Unknowns About CAF Brand YHT High Speed ​​​​Train

The High Speed ​​Train sets supplied from CAF company located in Spain consist of 6 wagons. In these sets, maximum comfort is provided for passengers while traveling on high-tech secure lines. The High Speed ​​​​Train, which will travel at a speed of 250 km, has air conditioning, video, TV music system, equipment for the disabled, closed-circuit video recording system, vacuum toilets. There are wagons designed separately as business class and first class in each set. The seats of the train, which can carry a total of 419 passengers at one time, have been installed for 55 business class, 354 first class, 2 disabled and 8 cafeterias. The seats in my business class section are covered with leather, while the seats in the other sections are covered with fabric.

Business Class Wagon

2 + 1 seats in leather, 940 mm spaced seats,
4 is a visual broadcasting system that will broadcast from a separate channel via 4 separate channel as well as an audio system capable of broadcasting music for at least 4 hours;
One luggage rack per passenger compartment,
Two foldable tables in each passenger compartment, apart from those integrated behind the seats Power supply for the laptop in the business class classroom and a separate LCD display behind each seat, plus an LCD display on the ceiling
Illuminated signal to call cabin crew
2 Vacuum Toilet,
Wagon floors are carpeted,
3 footrest, head restraints, armrests, magazine holder, garbage bin, audio inputs,
Wagon windows amine / tempered double glass,
Each hall has 2 tempered windows.

First Class Wagon

Fabric covered, 2 mm spaced seats in 2 + 940 layout,
4 audio system that can broadcast music from separate channel for at least 4 hours,
Visual broadcast system,
The windows are equipped with modern venetian blinds; airplane type closed luggage compartment,
Acoustic and thermal comfort (according to UIC 660 OR),
Two folding tables in each passenger compartment, apart from those integrated behind the seats,
1 Vacuum Toilet,
One of the 1 class cars is 2. cafe in order to provide food / beverage service,
Wagon floors are carpeted,
3 footrest, head restraints, armrests, magazine holder, garbage bin, audio inputs,
Wagon windows are laminated / tempered double glass type,
Each hall has 2 tempered windows.
To ensure maximum comfort in the journey, however, the noise level of the high-speed train has been increased and the noise level from the outside has been reduced.
In the car where the passengers are informed by digital indicators, there are call buttons to be used when the train officers are asked for help. You can ask the train staff for help if you need them with the call buttons.

Communication System

Passenger Information System;

  • Sending audio / visual messages about the location of the train and departure time,
  • Announcement to passengers by the mechanic and / or personnel,
  • Communication between staff and passengers through internal telephones in areas for people with disabilities,
  • It is used to provide communication between the passenger and the personnel through the passenger emergency alarm in the passenger areas.

Control System

  • A total of 4 8-phase, 3kW, asynchronous traction motors are used, driven by 600 converters with AC/AC, IGBT control.
  • To detect and record faults in the system by controlling the train equipment (brake, draw frame and auxiliary equipment); In addition, there are SICAS control, monitoring and incident recorder system to calculate the current speed of the train and the road it takes.
  • Failure and data transfer from the train set to the center takes place via ballasts and / or GSM-R.

Safety System

  • A tot-man device that stops the train in case the driver faints or dies suddenly,
  • An ATS system (Automatic Train Stop System) which activates and stops the train if the machine does not comply with the signal notification,
  • The signaling system used to provide a safer train traffic is ERTMS Level 1 (European Railway Traffic Management System),
  • An ATMS system (Acceleration and Temperature Monitoring System) which stops the train in accordance with the limit overruns to be determined in the values ​​of the axle bearing temperatures or the bogie lateral accelerations which are measured continuously,
  • Pressure balancing system used to prevent the pressure occurring in case the 2 train set meets in the tunnel,
  • Closed circuit television system (CCTV) used to monitor the train from both inside and outside via the 20 camera attached to certain points of the train,
  • The system that prevents the wagons from climbing on top of each other in a collision,
  • A system that automatically locks the gates after the train moves,
  • An obstacle detection system to prevent trapping
  • Induction prevention system in wheels,
  • Emergency brake,
  • Equipped with fire detection system.

TCDD is a member of the International Railways Association (UIC) and complies with the technical specifications and standards it deems appropriate. Therefore, the latest technological systems used in Europe are also used in our country.

The most advanced of these systems, ERTMS (European Railways Train Operating System) and ETCS-level 1 (European Train Control Systems Level 1 Signal System) are also applied in our High Speed ​​Train lines.

Thus, both safe and fast operation will be made possible. Since the signal system installed on the high-speed train lines is compatible with the ETCS-level 1 and ERTMS, it will be able to reach Europe by crossing the other countries with the same signal notifications without the need to change locomotives or transfer wagons at the border crossings.

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