What is High Speed ​​Train?

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High-speed train is a railway vehicle that provides the opportunity to travel faster than normal trains. Trains that can travel at a speed of 200 km / h on rails laid with the old system and 250 km / h on rails laid with the new system. Located in Ankara-Eskişehir high-speed train line in Turkey and traversing a distance of 245 km in 1 hour and 25 minutes, is Turkey's first high-speed train.

Turkey's 2nd fastest train, 306 km from the Ankara-Konya line is 1,5 times per hour. TGV in France, ICE in Germany and Magnetic rail trains in development are examples of this type of train. Currently in Germany, Belgium, China, Finland, France, South Korea, the Netherlands, England, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Japan, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Taiwan, Turkey with the trend over time of at least 200 mph realizes this transport.

High Speed ​​Train Introduction Video

Develop a fast train to have a fast train line the iceberg's appearing face. Because the most important factor that ensures the success of the system depends on the lines to be created. High-speed trains require high-speed rail lines to support this speed.

The UIC (International Railways Association) and the European Union define the definition of “High Speed ​​U on the same basis. The UIC High Speed ​​Department and the European Union's 96 / 48 and 2004 / 50 / AB directives have defined a number of systems under the high speed heading. The lines below the standard determined by these definitions are accepted as ansiyon Conventional (Traditional-Classical) Bu.

What is High Speed ​​Train?

There is no single standard definition for high-speed rail concept. The definition of high speed varies according to some criteria due to its complex structure. In order to avoid noise problems in areas where population density is high, it is seen that speed is limited to 110 or 160 km / h in terms of capacity and safety related reasons in high speed lines with 180 km / h and special tunnel and long bridges.

1. In terms of infrastructure

In terms of infrastructure, the definition of high-speed railroad covers many concepts. If the infrastructure of the line,
In all or at least a large part, it is defined as ise High Speed ​​Line X if it is newly built to allow trains to be operated at speeds of 250 km / h and above. Again, conventional lines suitable for transportation up to 200 km / h are considered as taşımacılık High Speed ​​Line oğaz even though there are speed limits depending on mountain passes or straits, narrow track range usage or other special reasons.

2. In terms of Pulling and Pulling Vehicles

Tertibat High Speed ​​Train Hızlı is a fixed-use vehicle with a maximum speed of at least 250 km / h
This is a series of motor and wagon sets. Train types operating at lower speeds (200 km / h) but also high-quality services, such as those with tilted body under certain conditions, can also be used as high-speed trains.

3. Operating Systems

For this definition, which varies according to railway management, 4 has a separate case.

• Fastest train operation in the most classical system, high speed trains on their lines, conventional trains on their lines
works. This is the case for JR East, JR Central and JR West Shinkansen lines in Japan.

• Only high-speed trains operate on high-speed train lines. On conventional lines both conventional trains
high-speed trains operate at conventional train speeds. In France, the lines operated by SNCF are so.

• Conventional lines only operate on conventional trains. High-speed trains for conventional high-speed trains
Trains can work together. However, as conventional trains run at lower speeds, the capacity decreases. This is the way that RENFE operates in Spain.

• Conventional and high-speed trains can work together on the same lines. This is the case in Germany and Italy. Germany
(DB AG) and Italy (Trenitalia) Railways plan all trains by taking into account the high speed train traffic.



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