OSTIM Rail Transport Cluster has accepted 51 percent offset in Ankara Metro. This step has been a very important success for the industry. It is time to apply this approach to other tenders.
The sector has started a struggle for the correction of the tenders of Samsun and Konya municipalities, which are alleged to be 'delivered to the address', ignoring the 51 percent threshold.
At the meeting in Ankara OSTİM, industrialists said, “51 percent is an important step and a definite threshold. Those who go beyond this have no excuse. Turkey is able to produce these vehicles, "they said.
With the Anatolian Rail Transportation Systems Cluster, the 5th cluster of ANKARA - OSTİM, your newspaper WORLD discussed the current situation and future of the rail vehicle sector. The prominent consensus was not to take a step back from the 51 percent local contribution requirement set forth in Ankara Metro. At the meeting directed by DÜNYA Newspaper Writer Rüştü Bozkurt and attended by the newspaper's Editor-in-Chief İbrahim Ekinci, Dormitory News Chief Handan Sema Ceylan and Ankara Representative Ferit Barış Parlak, 70 percent of the Turkish industry can easily do, and 100 percent in a few years. recorded that he could capture.
Referring to the bureaucratic obstacles, the industrialists demanded that the specifications be prepared in consultation with the companies. It was pointed out that these systems should be state policy, not government policy. Saving vehicles that need to be taken with at least 70 percent local content, a market of almost $ 2 trillion will occur in the world and Turkey should receive a share of this pie was noted.
"We can make all, not 51 percent, local"
Expressing that they are working to increase the competitiveness of companies in OSTİM, OSTİM President Orhan Aydın stated that one of the most important of these works is clusters and stated that there are 5 clusters in OSTİM with the addition of the 'Anatolian Rail Vehicle Systems Cluster'. Emphasizing that the domestic industry has the ability to make all of these systems, Aydın said, “We see that the products we can make here come from abroad. There are some gaps when we say 'why is that'. for making the necessary arrangements, companies can not solve problems individually, giving big describes Turkey as a result of this tender are going abroad because we can not do a system integration. "One of the ways to close these gaps is based on our coming together."
Noting that 51 percent of the domestic requirement was brought in the Ankara subway tender as a result of the works carried out by the cluster, Aydın said, “This 51 percent is very important. It became a breaking point. From now on, no one can write anything in the tender specifications below 51 percent in rail vehicles. Not 51 percent, in Turkey we can do it all on our ability to have. From now on, we need to integrate these systems, design it, find pioneering companies and pilot companies, cluster and work around them, ”he said.
"Turkey should take this opportunity to better assess"
Stating that the domestic contribution rate in the sector is very low, OSTİM Foundation Board Member and OSTİM National Technical Projects Coordinator Sedat Çelikdoğan said, "This issue should be seen as a chance to develop our domestic industry." Çelikdoğan said that the 51 percent requirement should be sought in the next tenders. Expressing that companies are born ready to be promising national brands with their design and production, Çelikdoğan, Bozankaya, Durmazlar and cited RTE as an example. “There are brands that are not in the automotive sector in this sector. There are no foreign investors to enter the sector later. Turkey must evaluate the best of this opportunity, "said Çelikdog, 1 to 5 years in saying that it is ready for the national brand will be the contribution rate of 80 percent," the company should be done with the cooperation and should be encouraged, in particular, "he said. Çelikdog that, Turkey has emphasized the need to set their own standards.
Stating that they took a step with 51 percent but this was not enough, Çelikdoğan stated that accordingly, the legislation of the Public Procurement Authority should be changed. Çelikdoğan, who wants to form a state policy in this direction, stated that supports should be given to highlight the manufacturing companies and said, “We need to make our companies not national players but international players. Supports should be aimed at opening to the international market, not to the country market, ”he said. Emphasizing that R&D supports should be project-oriented, Çelikdoğan said that companies should be encouraged when they start investing and said, "For example, they are looking for land, we need to search for land." Pointing out that there is a need for a perception that takes into account the international market without being dependent only on the domestic market, Çelikdoğan said, “There is no industry without a supplier industry”. Çelikdoğan noted that the R&D support given to the projects undertaken by the companies should be at least 75 percent.
"The university should be at the center of the cluster"
Stating that he was elected as the chairman of the board of directors formed by the Anatolian Rail Transportation Systems cluster, Çankaya University Rector Ziya Burhanettin Güvenç noted that they have been carrying out cluster studies with OSTİM for 6 years. Güvenç said, "The center of the cluster model should be the university, our institutions representing the sector around it, and the relevant institutions of the public in the third ring."
Stating that the bureaucrats who prepared the specification were educated at universities, Güvenç said, “It is unfair to expect these from those bureaucrats because they are only people with undergraduate education do not grow up with the R&D culture. They are weak in developing something new and generating solutions. But if the intention of the bureaucracy is good, these specifications should be prepared by going to the field and meeting with companies and experts ”. Explaining that bureaucrats are not subject to a performance-based promotion criterion, Güvenç said, “They do not work because you will bring your sector from here to here in 5 years. It is as if they live in a country without current account deficit or unemployment. The companies in the cluster are being torn, our bureaucrats do not feel this at all. In the case of Konya and Samsun, the specification directly describing the company is written. Isn't that a crime? You know, everything was free in the tender law. This business is immoral ”he said.
Explaining that if there are similar studies in other provinces other than this cluster, they will come together, Güvenç said, “We have to be one cluster. Regional clusters can be established in some sectors, but it is wrong to have more than one cluster in sectors that require very high added value, knowledge-intensive, advanced technology, ”he said.
"We can make 3 percent local in 100 years"
The company said that it has the capacity to do 60-70 percent of a tram or metro currently in Turkey Bozankaya AŞ Chairman of the Board Doğan BozankayaThe main problem is in the production of software, electronics and traction motors, he added. Percent 100 to make 3 year-round time is needed to express BozankayaJust that we need to look at the market as Turkey, North Africa, Asia, Russia noted that the market potential is high. “For example, there are 200 'trambuses' in Moscow alone. Russia is a great potential. Bozankayasaid he was hopeful about the future process. “We don't have trouble with standard technology. In terms of software, we need to focus a little more on specific issues. If we concentrate, we will reach the capacity we can do in 3 years. Bozankaya, right now
He said that there are companies that can do these, but the products are seen as 'risky' because they have not been tested. Bozankaya“We have a subway and light rail vehicle designed by us. We are launching soon. In addition, we also have a bus that we have built 100% by ourselves.
Emphasizing that specifications should be issued in consultation with companies Bozankaya"Specification definitely not suited to the conditions in Turkey," he said. He stated that the tram engineering department should be opened in universities.
"Turkey should receive a share from 2 trillion market"
Chairman of the Association of Rail Transport Systems and Industrialists (RAYDER), who stated that the 51 requirement is a strictly indispensable limit. Durmazlar Rail Systems Project Coordinator Taha Aydin, Turkey, noting that determine its place in this sector. Turkey's 20-year projections in the 5 thousand 500 vehicles Aydin, indicating that the need to declare their economic value is around $ 45 billion. Aydın said, “There should be a light rail system in places with a population of more than 350 thousand, and a subway if it is above 1 million. We have to give up on the bus now, ”he said. Saying that they have built a vehicle called Silkworm, Aydın said, “The vehicle is currently in the test phase. 2.5 months later he designed and manufactured in Turkey will be finished and the first vehicle to have received the approval document, "he said.
“Since Nuri Demirağ, nobody has mentioned the 'd' of the railway. The 2023 strategic plan is being prepared, and we looked there is no such concern ”Aydın said, underlining that these systems should no longer be government policies and turn into state policies. It should continue voicing Aydin psychological threshold of 51 percent, then save this figure could be increased gradually with the developments in Turkey. Noting that there is a market of 450 billion euros in the Arabian peninsula, 250 billion dollars in China, 500 billion dollars in Russia and 170 billion dollars in Europe, Aydın said, “There is a market of approximately 2 trillion dollars in the world. Turkey share why you take it? " said.
"We were alone in vehicle electronics"
Noting the importance of sub-industry Durmazlar Mechatronics Manager Levent Udgu stated that it is necessary to work in coordination not only in mechatronics but also in electronics and software systems. UDG indicating that Turkey's lines in poor condition in the electronic software, "But we're very lonely When we started in electronic tools," he said. As far as software found in Turkey, voicing endless supply of UDG, "the youth are gleaming. But we have serious problems in the electronic context, ”he said. Stating that serious R&D needs to be done on electronics and software, Udgu said, “In addition, it is necessary to solve the events by means of marriages in critical components. Marriage, even if the need to do R & D in Turkey, "he said. UDG, the minimum percentage of vehicles that will be purchased in Turkey for 70 with local content should be added.
"Domestic product requirement may be imposed while obtaining credit"
Expressing that they provide nuts to the rail systems in Istanbul, Berdan Civata Deputy General Manager Abdullah Overview said that they can provide all kinds of high quality nuts and bolts, and they can make special bolts. “We are making the anchor plates of the wind rose towers of Nordeks in Germany and Alstom in Spain. You see, we are doing quality work, when we say why don't you give us more jobs, they give us the following answer. These companies receive credit, for example, are taking a loan from Hermes in Germany, their spouse will get these goods from Germany, you'll get from Turkey called. "Why do we buy too much material from outside, we do not brake it? We can use the same policy in rail vehicles."
"The bureaucrat has no chance to write specification"
Selahattin Düzbasan, Chairman of Ilgaz İnşaat, stated that the Ministry should prepare a specification that includes all subjects such as material standard, construction standard starting from the infrastructure and said, “If a specification is to be written today, we will write it. The bureaucrat has no chance to write this. Because you have to live to write, "he said. Noting that university-industry cooperation is very important, Düzbasan said that test centers should be established. Düzbas, "I believe that Turkey is on the right track. I fully believe that if we continue like this, we will create both our industry and our sub-industry. There are many obstacles to this, but I believe that we will prevent and overcome these problems with our creative ideas ”.
"The trick is in system engineering"
Expressing that they produce low voltage systems, Art Electronic Systems General Manager Alp İyigün noted that they have developed systems such as passenger information systems and emergency systems. “The profit, the difficulty and the key point of this job is in system engineering. I'm doing the whole system to be able to say I do not have to produce low-voltage systems in Turkey. If I can buy this product from different places and integrate it, even if I can collect it from abroad and I can do the system engineering of this work, I think it should be accepted that “this product is my product”. We don't have to do everything in electronics. Speaking as the profit of the business and the key point is system engineering, İyigün noted that if support is given in system engineering, there is hardware that can reach better points.
Stating that the contract in Konya and Samsun tenders should be read thoroughly by the cluster, Arif Emecen, General Manager of Kayseri Transportation Inc., said, “There are articles for show”. Emecen stated that it should be explained to the Mayor that this cannot be done together with the local wills such as the Chamber of Industry, “You cannot do such a thing in a period when the current account deficit is at its peak and 324 percent is given to 51 vehicles in the Ankara project. You put 15 percent on the domestic rate. This is for show ”and said that the tender should be canceled due to economic concerns.
Large participation in the Ostim meeting
Manufacturers from all stages, from producing screws for the sector to those producing wagons and software, attended the meeting held by DÜNYA Newspaper in Ankara OSTİM with the managers and industrialists of the Rail Transportation Systems Cluster. At the beginning of the meeting, OSTİM Foundation Board Member and OSTİM National Technical Projects Coordinator Sedat Çelikdoğan made a comprehensive presentation about the developments in the sector. WORLD Author Rüştü Bozkurt (seated row, fourth from right) meeting at the company that manages the technical managers also told us that Turkey's rail system anywhere in the technology.
Turkey produces Durmazlar''s Silkworm in Bursa
Bursa Metropolitan Municipality Durmazlar The machine produced in cooperation with Turkey's first indigenous tram Silkworm, will be released this year on the rails. Inspired by the fact that Bursa is the starting point of the Silk Road, a production certificate will be obtained in November after international tests for the Silkworm. Thus, Silkworm will be the first domestic vehicle to receive an approval type certificate. between railway systems manufacturer in Turkey Bozankaya, Durmazlar, RTE is located in Istnabul and Railtur.