Fast trains are currently being used in European countries such as France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Japan, China and South Korea. Leading the high-speed train lines, Japan is also the country with the highest passenger density. 120 million passengers per year carry more trains than 305.
The increased capacity requirement on the rail journey led to the emergence of a high-speed train in both Japan and France. Japan is the first country to use fast trains. Tokaido Shinkansen of Tokyo-Osaka for the first time at 1959
The construction of the High Speed Line has started. The Shinkansen line, which was opened in 1964, is the busiest high-speed train line in the world. The 210 km journey, which was completed in 4 hours at 553 km / h when the line was first opened, today takes 270 hours at a speed of 2,5 km / h. While 30 million passengers were transported by 30 trains per day on this high-speed train line, which was unique 44 years ago, today 2452 million passengers are carried annually on the Shinkansen network, which has a total length of 305 kilometers. Shinkansen has the potential to vaccinate more passengers than any high-speed rail line in the world carries, including other lines in Japan. Japan continues to be the first in high speed train. In 2003, the "Maglev", which moves directly without contact with the rail, just a few millimeters above the rail, reached a speed of 581 kilometers per hour, setting a new world record in this field.
Japan followed France. The idea of the fast train in France (TGV, très grande vitesse- high Speed Train) emerged with the construction of the Japanese Shinkansen line. French State Railways, which renew the existing railway line and manufacture lighter private wagons, reached an average of 1967 kilometers per hour in 253 and 1972 in 318. TGV, 1981 was opened in September between Paris and Lyon. TGV was very fast compared to normal trains and cars.
Trains quickly gained popularity. Later on, new high-speed train lines were opened in many parts of France. The Eurostar service, which started at 1994, tied its continental Europe to London via the Channel tunnel. This line has been manufactured in accordance with TGV tunneling. Fast trains from London to Paris take 2 hours to 15 hours. Between London and Brussels, only 1 hours can be received in 51 minutes.
High-speed trains are used today in France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, England and Italy, as well as in Japan, China and South Korea.
China, which is at the end of the general ranking until 2007, aims to become the world's biggest alan High Speed Train Line m after the completion of the 832 km line which is under construction with the 3404 km line that is opened between various cities.
In addition, high speed train lines are planned in the Netherlands and Switzerland, while in some countries new high speed train lines are planned.
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