Nuri Demirağ Documentary of the First Republic of Turkey Contractors Construction of Railways

About nuri demirdag
About nuri demirdag

Republic of Turkey railways of the first contractors in the construction and republican revolution of the first few millionaires from his brother Abdurrahman Naci their fortunes with Demirağ have invested great things in Turkey's industrial development and is a person recognized as a largely benevolent human side of business life. Republic of Turkey railways of the first contractors in the construction and republican revolution of the first few millionaires from his brother Abdurrahman Naci Demirağ been invested with the fortunes great things in Turkey's industrial development and largely a person recognized as a charitable human side of business life.

He was born in 1886 in Divriği town of Sivas. He is the son of Mühürdarzade Ömer Bey, one of the notables of this town, and his mother's name is Ayşe Hanım. He lost his father when he was only three years old, and was raised as an autodidact under the patronage and encouragement wing of his mother. He completed his high school education in his hometown and was appointed as a teacher of the same high school. He passed a competition test opened by Ziraat Bank and worked in Kangal and then Koçkiri branches of this bank. Passing a test held by the Ministry of Finance, he switched from banking to finance service, came to Istanbul and worked as a distinguished civil servant at all levels of the Finance and became a Finance Inspector between 1918-1919 when he was 32-33 years old. He settled in Beşiktaş, Istanbul, keeping his connection with Divriği.

According to his own record, he started cigarette paper business with his accumulated money of 56 gold (252 paper liras) and issued a cigarette paper called "Turkish Victory". In those painful and dark days, "Turkish Victory Cigarette Paper" was extremely popular, and Mühürdarzade Nuri Bey earned a lot of money with the surname of that time, 252 lira became 84 000 lira in three years. Then, the government of the Republic of Turkey adopting major reconstruction work began with railways and roadways, the state with the most suitable proposal was laid to contracting life.

"The first Turkish Railway Contractor started to move forward with all the strength of his determination and faith from the place where he hit the first dig and knit all the places he passed with iron nets." But Nuri Bey's success did not only consist of weaving the places he passed from Samsun to Erzurum with iron nets. He tried to accrue his big claim. While building a 1012-kilometer railway on the (Fevzipaşa-Diyarbakır) (Afyon-Antalya) (Sivas-Erzurum) (Irmak-Filyos) lines, following the first accrual starting from Samsun, he also started other major construction works. He also built Sümerbank's Merinos in Bursa, Iron and Steel in Karabük, Cellulose in Izmit, cement factories in Sivas, and the Hal building in Istanbul and the air stove in Eceabad. It should be added that Nuri Bey did not forget to make charity fountains in front of all these great works and in their neighborhoods, as a matter of fact, the number of these fountains exceeded forty-eight ”.

Nuri Demirağ started to lay the foundations of the aviation industry in 1936. As his first job, he prepared a plan - program covering a 10-year period. In accordance with this program, Beşiktaş Barbaros established the Tayyare Study Workshop next to Hayrettin Pier. This airplane workshop has become a giant factory in a short time. He bought the Elmas Pasha farm in Yeşilköy to make it an airplane. He built a flat airplane area of ​​1000 x 1300 meters. An example of this was at Amsterdam, then Europe's most modern airport. During 1937-1938, the Turkish Aeronautical Association ordered 10 school aircraft and 65 gliders. The first domestic Turkish plane built in Istanbul factories flew to Divrigi, where Nuri Bey was born, in August 1941. Nuri Bey, who thinks that such shows are beneficial, which excites the public as well, wanted to show the public that we can protect our skies with our own planes by flying a fleet of 12 planes in Bursa, Kütahya, Eskişehir, Ankara, Konya, Adana, Elazığ and Malatya route in September and to give them faith. The Nu.D.38 type passenger plane is a Turkish type airplane that was completely created by Turkish engineers and workers. The 6-seat passenger plane has a double pilot control. It can speed 325 kilometers per hour and fly 1000 KM per hour. The Turkish Aeronautical Association has given up purchasing these planes that Nuri Demirağ ordered from its factories.

“Nuri Demirağ was among the founders of the National Development Party, which was the first opposition party in the transition to multi-party life for the third time in the history of the Republic (1945), and assumed the chairmanship of the party. It was put forward with the slogan 'enough is enough' on 26/8/1945 and the attempt to establish a political party was actually started at that time. "Thus, Nuri Demirağ is a pioneer and leader not only in the economic development of the country, but also in the destruction of the single-party regime in political life." In the tough election struggle of the Republican People's Party and the Democrat Party in the 6 elections, Nuri Demirağ's Party did not win the election and the National Development Party melted day by day and became a political party. completely deleted from the field; However, in the 7 elections, Nuri Demirağ was nominated as an independent candidate from the Democrat Party in Sivas, and thus Nuri Demirağ entered the Grand National Assembly as Sivas Member. His life in parliament did not last long, he died on November 1945, 1946 and was buried in Zincirlikuyu Cemetery in Istanbul. Nuri Demirağ, who was married to Mesude Demirağ, had two sons, Galip and Kayı Alp, and daughters named Mefkure, Şukufe, Süveyda, Suheyla, Gülbahar and Turan Melek.

Günceleme: 08/05/2021 11:11

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