The Tokyo subway is a subway network located in Tokyo, the capital city of Japan. The Tokyo subway was opened on December 30, 1927 and is Asia's first subway system. The system is 304.1 km long and has 13 lines and 285 stations. It is operated by two companies, Tokyo Subway and Toei Subway.
The Tokyo subway serves Tokyo and the Greater Tokyo Metropolis, and while the subway system itself is mostly within the city centre, it also covers much larger areas via commuter rail services.
Construction of the Tokyo subway began on August 20, 1920, with the establishment of the Tokyo Underground Railway Company. On October 30, 1927, the first line was opened between Asakusa and Ueno and was 2.2 km long.
As a result of the sarin gas attack carried out by the Aum Shinrikyo organization in the subway on March 20, 1995, 13 people lost their lives and more than 5000 were injured.
On April 1, 2004, the Teito Rapid Transit Authority was privatized and renamed Tokyo Metro.
Tokyo has two main subway operators:
Tokyo Subway. Formerly known as the Teito Rapid Transit Authority (TRTA), it was privatized in 2004. It is 195.1 km long and has nine lines and 179 stations.
Toei subway. It is operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Transportation Bureau of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. It is 109.0 km long and has four lines and 99 stations.
- Tokyo Metro Ginza Line 3 Ginza Line 銀座線
- Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line 4 Marunouchi Line 丸ノ内線
- Tokyo Subway Marunouchi Line Branch Line 丸ノ内線分岐線
- Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line 2 Hibiya Line 日比谷線
- Logo of Tokyo Subway Tōzai Line 5 Tōzai Line 東西線
- Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line 9 Chiyoda Line 千代田線
- Tokyo Subway Yūrakuchō Line 8 Yūrakuchō Line 有楽町線
- Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line 11 Hanzōmon Line 半蔵門線
- Tokyo Subway Namboku Line 7 Namboku Line 南北線
- Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Fukutoshin Line 副都心線
- Toei Asakusa line 1st Line Asakusa Line 浅草線
- Toei Mita line 6th Line Mita Line 三田線
- Toei Shinjuku line 10. Line Shinjuku Line 新宿線
- Toei Oedo line 12th Line Ōedo Line 大江戸線