At the 1907, the tram line which was planned to be constructed in Üsküdar due to the various accusations of the Minister of Justice who wanted to make a tram to Üsküdar, could not reach any distance.
One of today's modern and most preferred means of transportation, the tram was first seen in the leading cities of the United States, and after the 1860s, it started to serve in the leading cities of Europe such as London and Paris. It was more comfortable and more comfortable than other means of transportation, and the number of people was welcomed in a short time.
In this period, the Ottoman Empire, who closely followed Europe, did not remain indifferent to this transportation vehicle and rolled up their sleeves to bring the tram to Istanbul. At the end of the 31 July 1871, Karakoy-Besiktas tram line was opened.
U The trolley carts, drawn by the large semi-powerful horses called Katana, were quickly adopted by the Istanbulites because it became the ornament of the streets and cheaper than other means of transport “. Horseback trams in the European side of the popular demand, and soon the Üsküdarlları also mobilized and organized among themselves, 1872 government officials in the following petition, Üsküdar also demanded the construction of a tram line:
. The people of Istanbul and the people of Üsküdar have not yet been able to reach this level of prayer, although they have gained the same comfort and convenience in the arrival of the people of Istanbul on the occasion of the trolley cars built by our Sultan Efendimiz. One side of the party relaxed and the other side of this nimetten deprivation of anyone's consent should not be willing. In this respect, we would like to make a need for the construction of a tram line from Üsküdar pier to Çamlıca, please and compassionate bakım
The authorities had responded positively to this demand of the people, but due to some troubles, the tram line on the Anatolian side was very late.
In 1907, Abdurrahman Pasha, who was the Minister of Justice of the time, said, Paşa He wanted to make a tram to Üsküdar and its districts and to obtain concessions to bring electricity to the environment X. However, by some members of the government, it has become the target of very severe criticisms, such as earning unfair gains. On the other hand, there was no distance from the tram line which was planned to be constructed in Üsküdar.
The Balkan War broke out in 1912, and the fact that almost all of the horses were put into battle had a negative impact on the tram lines. In addition, “Serious handling of tram construction in Üsküdar was only possible in 1912 and Üsküdar, Kadıköy The tender to operate an electric tram at the airport was awarded to a French company. According to the contract, the electric tram lines to be built by the company were as follows:
Every time this time it was okay, there was a problem with no account. As a matter of fact, haklı Forests and Taşdelen water located right next to the line that ended in Alemdağ belonged to the foundations and the Ministry of Foundations rightly demanded that this line be given to them instead of a foreign company. In the Ottoman government, which found the demand of the Ministry in place, 8 had granted the privilege of Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ electric tram line to the Ministry of Foundations with a date dated March 1913.
Foundations started to work without wasting time and planned to establish an electrical factory in Bağlarbaşı to meet the electricity needed for the operation of the tram. However, soon after the First World War had started and the Ottoman Empire was included in this war, the tramway works had been left to spring.
Finally, the war was over and the armistice period was passed. The tram line planned to be built in Üsküdar was on the agenda again, but could not go beyond the words. After the establishment of the Republic, it was taken seriously and the entrepreneurs who had taken action under the leadership of Süreyya Pasha had contacted the Republican Government with the Istanbul Municipality and started to operate the Üsküdar-Kısıklı line. In line with this purpose, i Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ Halk Trams established the Turkish Corporation kü.
Just when such a serious distance was taken, again an unexpected problem arose. As mentioned above, there was a privilege granted to the Ministry of Foundations in the Ottoman period, the factory started to be established, the lines started and the money spent. Therefore, it was not possible to start working without solving this problem. Finally, after the negotiations, an agreement was made and as a result of this agreement, s The privilege of Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ line was given to the Ministry of Foundations for the 75 yearbook. Then, a contract was signed between the Istanbul Municipality and the Foundations Administration that replaced the Ministry of Foundations and the Istanbul Municipality had purchased the privilege of the Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ line from the foundations administration Bel. This time, however, the Municipality of Istanbul had difficulty making payments. As a result of a new agreement, this problem has disappeared.
With the solution of monetary problems in this way, there were no obstacles and a feverish work started by Turkish engineers and workers. In a short time rails were laid, electric poles were sewn and finally the end of the work. Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ Public Trams Turkish Joint-Stock Company carried out a seamless end of the work, the 4600 meter Üsküdar-Kisik line 7 was opened on June 1928 ceremony. 8 began to carry passengers from June.
Üsküdar Kısıklı tram line
Üsküdar-Haydarpaşa- On the European Side, which has reached the Üsküdar-Kısıklı tram line after many years,Kadıköy Line, Kadıköy-Fashion, Kadıköy-Fenerbahce, Kadıköy-Bostancı lines were made.
The tram, which is preferred by the people of Istanbul, served for a long time both on the European and Anatolian sides of the city, but it was behind the age of transportation. So, in the 1960s, it was the target of public criticism arrows on the grounds that it slowed down traffic. After these criticisms, on the European side in 1961 and Üsküdar in 1966 and Kadıköy The tram service at the airport was stopped. Electric buses, called trolleybuses, were bought by the tramway.
Vahdettin Engin, Mirror of the Republic Ottoman, Istanbul 2010.
Vahdettin Engin, Istanbul's Horse and Electric Trams, Istanbul 2011.
Source : www.dunyabulteni.net