Ottoman Heritage Hejaz Railway

Hejaz Railway
Hejaz Railway

It turned out that Kastamonu gave the biggest support to the Hejaz Railway, which was built between Damascus and Medina between 1900 and 1908. It turned out that Kastamonu gave the biggest support to the Hejaz Railway, which was one of the biggest projects in the last period of the Ottoman Empire and was built between Damascus and Medina in the 1900-year period between 1908 and 8.

Researcher and Teacher Mustafa Gezici proved this with various documents and photos provided by his own efforts. Researcher Mustafa Gezici, II during the Ottoman Empire's period of the Hejaz Railway in the 1880s. Stating that it was put forward by Abdulhamid, he said, “Our Prophet Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) has a hadith sheriff. 'Whoever visits my grave, my intercession will be tempted to him'. Based on this hadith, the Hicaz Railway, which started from Istanbul, was tried to be transported to Iraq, Syria, Jerusalem, Libya and Saudi Arabia. ”


Explaining that the transportation of the Hijaz Railway between Istanbul and the holy lands and the pilgrims going to Mecca and Madinah are aimed to ensure the safety of this route, Gezici said: “2666 masonry bridges and culverts, seven iron bridges, nine tunnels, 96 stations, seven ponds in the construction of Hicaz Railway. 37 water tanks, two hospitals and three workshops were built. This project II. It is a project that Abdulhamid Han started as my old dream. At that time, the German Ambassador says: 'No sane person can do or consider this project.' He says this in the report he sent to his country. ”


Stating that the project, which started on September 1, 1900, reached 1908 kilometers in a short period of 8 years in 664, there was a panic in Europe that the Ottoman Empire was revived again, Gecizi said: “These receipts are the aid receipts collected from Kastamonu and its surroundings. . Sacrificial skins were actually collected on the Hejaz railway. It was greeted with great cheer at the stations that opened first. It was said that the Ottoman Empire could not do this job. Despite this, while 1 kilometers of railroads were built in a year under normal conditions, it reached this 150 kilometers with the hadith of our Prophet. Abdulhamid has already said this. Let's start this, he said, Allah and His Messenger are our helpers, and that's how it really happened."


Explaining that this road appeared as one of the reasons for the outbreak of the First World War, Gezici continued his words as follows: “In those desert conditions and hot temperatures, it reached 288 kilometers a year and this road was used for 1908 years from 1918 to 10. When the soldiers were sent there, 40 thousand people were evacuated during the rebellion of the rebels, during the sending of the known artifacts in the Topkapı Palace, which Fahrettin Pasha established as sacred relics. Only a part of Medina-i Münevvere is used this way even today. The width of the rails is 1 meter 5 centimeters.”

Gezici emphasized that opening an exhibition on Hicaz Railway in Kastamonu saw that he was still hiding these receipts when he wandered some old antique dealers, “I also bought a few receipts from these antique dealers. Starting from here, I started working. An English writer says, "We couldn't imagine, they did." This is such a big project. He still has not lost its importance. ”


Explaining that the Hejaz Railway project cost 4 trillion TL, Gezici continued his words as follows: “But this money came from many countries, from India to the Ottoman lands. For example, India donated 40 thousand liras for this project with the money of that time. All Muslim countries have sent aid. The Sultan himself started this project with 50 thousand liras.

A lot of help went from Kastamonu. Looking at the receipts, people from Kastamonu were the most helpful. For example, a person named Mehmet from the Kurdeşe village of Kuzyaka sub-district of Kastamonu helped in the 3 kuruş receipt seen here. The aid of 1 cent here is the donation of the Yanukzades from Sarıömer in Gölköy.

Gezici said that medals were given to those who donated a lot of donations and said: “Like nickel, silver and gold. We have a silver medal. As of 1908, 3 thousand kilometers have been considered within the project. It starts in Istanbul, continues to Madinah, from Madinah to Mecca. In our country, it follows Izmit and Konya road from Istanbul. From here on to Damascus later includes Jerusalem, Madina-Al-Münevvere and finally Mecca. ”

hicaz railways

Pointing out that the pilgrimage was held by horse until the 1840s, Gezici said: “Hajj was reached in 6 months. In other words, there is 6 months going and 6 months coming. About a year is about being healthy with a pilgrimage. He could not go to the pilgrimage beyond the age of 40 to the age of 50. Why, because 4 horses were changed until the pilgrimage. There are so many bandits in that area, the bandits we call terrorists today are cutting the way, robbing the pilgrims, and robbing the pilgrims has become a profession for Bedouins. The caravan between Damascus and Medina-i Münevvere was reached in 40 days. This road has been reduced to 3 days by train. Going to pilgrimage is now a child's play by train. Tents are built on their trains. Drinking tea from the samovar. When he wrote as a pilgrim in the tombstones in the 1700s and 1800s, when he passed by that tombstone, people would definitely respect and respect the honor of the Kaaba-i enormousness. ”


Noting that the British could not act as they wanted in the Middle East, Gezici said: Even today, the British do not dominate the Middle East. Today, the Americans, that is, the British of that day, aim to break off Iraq and direct Saudi Arabia as they wish by establishing small states. If the caliph could reach there, ensure the security of the place, serve the people, such a thing would not be possible.

The Ottoman Empire never oppressed the people within its borders. No Ottoman would consent to such cruelty. But we see it today. The incident in Syria, the incident in Iraq, the incident in Libya, the importance of the Hejaz railway is understood one more time. There is Ahmet Rıfat Pasha who says: 'The place you cannot reach is not yours'. It is a very true statement. Here the sultan wanted to reach and reached. Abdulhamid Khan made the event that no one could even imagine. It is important that you do projects that other states cannot imagine. That is the purpose of the empire. Many states have been established in history. But the number of empires does not exceed the finger of one hand. That's why the British here opposed the Hejaz Railway. But they have not succeeded to some extent.

Explaining that a number of issues have been discussed about Hicaz Railway in the past years but no steps have been taken, Gezici continued his words: “It is requested to revive the Hicaz railway. 10 years ago, the train track in Medina-i Münevvere was repaired. It had to be repaired. I saw a thesis in Mecca, where I went to Umrah in 2008. As the Hicaz railway project. She made a lady named Zeynep from Saudi Arabia. He says: 'Master's thesis on Hicaz railway. He tied the end of the thesis like this. "This railway, built by my grandparents, must repair grandchildren," he finished. We have such a task. Of course, we have to fulfill this task. We cannot have anything with Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Palestine. They are Muslims, we are Muslims. All believers are brothers. That's it, we have to continue brotherhood. If we do not follow this rule, if we do not do this verse, the mischief, mischief and other states will benefit from it. They both use our money and use us. When our expiration date has passed, they will throw aside. As in Libya today, as in Syria, as in Iraq. Only the Saddam Hussein incident in Iraq is an example. The Gaddafi incident is an example. Muslim should not be used. Must not be used to work your mind ”


Pointing out that the Hejaz Railway is debt-free unlike all the railways built in the world so far, Gezici gave an example from the report prepared by the German Writer Robert Hicards and sent to his country: It is the only railway. This is a confession that the real virtue is to appreciate his opponent.”


"The love of the prophet is very high in Ecdat," said Gezici, "Kastamonu Municipality supported us in this respect. We planned to open the Hicaz Railway exhibition. The opening of the exhibition will take place on Friday, 10 August 2012, at 14.30:10. The exhibition, where some original documents related to Hicaz Railways will be presented to the public for the first time, will be open to visitors in the Municipality service building between 17-XNUMX August. We are waiting for all the state officials to our exhibition. The love of the prophet and the love of the Kaaba is great in Kastamonu. We hope that more exhibitions will be visited than we expected. We thought about this for Ramadan.

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