For capitalism, it is very important for the accumulation of capital to bring the worker from home to work with the least cost and fastest. The early capitalists, who were aware of this, demanded metro transportation from the municipalities in the 1800s, and thus the world's first subway, the cradle of capitalism, in London in 1863, in Chicago in 1897, in Boston in 1897, in New York in 1904. opened in. Many of Europe's metro lines started operating in the early 20th century. Even in some of the "rising countries", the life of the metro is at the beginning of the 20th century. For example, the Buenos Aires metro started operating in 1913, Beijing's in 1902 and Madrid's in 1924. The Metro became operational in Sao Paulo in 1972, in Mexico City in 1969, in Seoul in 1974, and only in 2000, 30 years after that. RTE continued the investment initiated by Nurettin Sözen, the mayor of the former Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality of CHP, and the former Mayor of Saadet Party, Gürtuna, launched the Istanbul subway in 2000. New lines have been added to the Istanbul subway since then. The newest one Kadıköy- Eagle line.
As they always do, they start with a hubbub Kadıköy line. No speech is passed, but when you enlarge the transportation photo of Istanbul, you see a dark exploitation, privatization and market domination over the transportation of the 13 million population living in Istanbul. There is a road transport domination that is five on the metro cosmetics. 100 of every 87 passengers use the road and the share of the public in transportation is 15 percent. The subway, light subway, funicular, train and the journeys made with the rail system only reach 10 percent. Sea transportation of Istanbul from the sea is about 2.5 percent.
According to the data of IETT, 13 million trips are made every day in Istanbul with a population of 13.5 million. This huge mobility, such as the overwhelming weight of the 87 is being done by road, because it corresponds to the needs of the foreign-dependent automotive industry. The share of the private car on the journey, the entire park, despite the traffic problems, is close to 24. In this total, even the fishmonger metrobus has a share of 5. Service scheme, minibus network takes a share of 28 percent from Istanbul. As for the journeys by bus, the share is 20. Half of the IETT's are private public buses. When we exclude private vehicles from the Istanbul journeys carried out by road, it is seen that the 9 million journey is carried out by private firms rather than the public. Private public bus, minibus, taxi etc. In Istanbul, public transport does not meet this service, the market has been abandoned, as well as the irrational land journey.
On the other hand, when we look at the rail system which is the most suitable for a metropolis like Istanbul, we see that the share of it in total is only 10. We see that this is done with a market rather than a public service. The same is seen in maritime transport. Is there something as irrational as the share of the sea passing through the middle of the sea and the share of the sea in the city's journeys is just over 2.5? 13.5 350 million journey is done by the sea. It's not going to happen! Ola
Despite the metro shows, the fact is that in Istanbul, where 13.5 million travels per day, this mobility means an average household expenditure of 40-45 billion on average per year, and a number of small and small companies take part in this specialized, marketed area. It is possible to provide cheaper, better quality of the transportation rights of the people of Istanbul, not by marketers, but by public municipalities, and the preference is to be converted into rail systems, sea voyages, encouraging road trips, and being discouraged. But what is the AKP regime doing? Third bridge, land transport tube.
Source : www.cumhuriyet.com.t is