Bursa produced the first Turkish tram. Its design and production is almost one hundred percent indigenous.
An important transformation project. The visionary driving force of the project is Bursa Metropolitan Municipality Mayor Recep Altepe. Of course, there are other 'heroes' behind.
Turkey met with the railways in the 19th century. It cannot be said that we are too late. During the Ottoman period, İzmir Aydın railway was built for the first time between 1856-1866. The Berlin-Baghdad railway project, which was initiated during the reign of Sultan Abdulhamit, enabled the construction of the main axes. The Republic of Turkey stayed in a heritage railway line about 3.500 km from the Ottoman Empire. This network was developed in the early republic. Then the highway came forward. Railways were neglected. We are currently one of the lowest rail-intensive countries in Europe; Our rail network length per square kilometer is around one tenth of some European countries. The share of rail (passenger or freight) in the transport market is less than five percent.
In recent years, railways have gained importance again. TCDD's budget has been increased significantly. Ankara-Eskişehir and Ankara-Konya high-speed train lines were launched. Investments for Sivas, Izmir and Eskişehir-Istanbul lines have also been initiated.
Turkey in terms of rail systems in urban transportation network remained weak. Rail systems have been installed in a number of cities, including suburban networks. We are trying to carry our urban traffic by car, dolmus, minibuses and buses.
Railway Vehicles Industry
Not only are our railways weak. So is our railway vehicle industry. Except for a few state-owned companies and private companies producing parts for them, there are almost no players in the sector. Production, sales and export figures of the sector are low. However, the production of urban and intercity railway vehicles in the world is perhaps a new birth. Many countries from America to China are starting railway investments.
Therefore, we need not only the railroad but also the rolling stock industry. In the coming period will increase investment in both urban and intercity rail systems in Turkey. Therefore, the creation of a domestic industry will prevent foreign exchange loss. Moreover, it will bring foreign currency to the country by focusing on exports. The railway industry is also important in terms of employment, as it needs qualified human resources. Finally, the 'correlations' of this industry branch are high. In other words, with the development of this industry, many other branches of industry from electronics to materials will be triggered.
factory for repair rail cars and rail in Turkey was founded in the late 19th century. These were later transformed into production facilities from repair facilities and transformed into general directorates. Of these, TÜLOMSAŞ Devrim cars in Eskişehir were produced (and still exhibited). TÜLOMSAŞ produces, sells and exports locomotives under a foreign license.
Given the earliness of the start of Turkey's railway vehicle manufacturing industry it was expected to have gone much further today. For example, rather than Turkey after Korea started his own design products mainly from Turkey today can be exported to some countries.
Let's get to Bursa's steel silkworm. As I said at the beginning, the main 'hero' of the project is the Mayor of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality, Recep Altepe. Municipalities buy Turkey's most important actors in the receiver. However, we have never seen a Mayor who is obsessed with the development of local and local industry. While developing the rail systems projects of Bursa, Altepe thought that 'vehicles can be produced in Bursa, which is an automotive base instead of import'. They started the project together with his consultant Taha Aydin, who is an engineer like him and is doing engineering abroad.
Three prototypes were produced in a short period of two years. They're all working. Almost one hundred percent of software, including software, was developed and manufactured by domestic sources. Most of their work on international certification has taken place. Some patents have been taken in this project, where the crazy Turkish engineer was working around 40.
Private sector participation
Another feature of the project is that it was built by the private sector. The development of the product required considerable funding. This responsibility is discussed in the private sector organizations Durmazlar taken over. This publicly known Bursa company is regarded as the best in the world in its field. Since 1956, they have been making metal cutting machines and exporting to almost all major countries of the world. NASA is also among its customers. Because the machines they produce are the best in the world in terms of precision and technology.
Durmazlar of course with a great engineering-design-development capability. That's why the Silkworm project was developed in such a short time. Other Bursa companies like Sazcılar are also involved in the project.
The involvement of the private sector is important because if you want to teach a country how to fish, not fish, you need to develop 'capacity / capability'. In other words, a dynamic structure, not a static, that will continuously improve the existing product or introduce new products is an indispensable element of competition in today's world. You can also combine this with the concept of 'learning organizations'. Profit organizations that dynamic companies, will shape the future of Turkey's economy will be the main actor.
TAI's Hürkuş aircraft made its first flight. The project was started in 2006. It is necessary to congratulate those who contributed. TAI's manned and unmanned vehicles range, from F-16 to Turna and ANKA, has been added to a new one, produced only with its own capabilities, with the support of consultants.
a sad history of the aviation industry in Turkey. Vecihi was no Hürkuş come alone in the struggle to launch the aircraft production in Turkey. In a similar struggle, Nuri Demirağ got his share and lost his wealth.
Automotive, rail and aviation in Turkey needs to develop its own capabilities. Even though there is no sound from the car, the news from the rail and the air is good.
Source : http://www.zaman.com.tr