Fast trains are currently being used in European countries such as France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Japan, China and South Korea.
Leading the high-speed train lines, Japan is also the country with the highest passenger density. 120 million passengers per year carry more trains than 305.
The increased capacity requirement on the rail journey led to the emergence of a high-speed train in both Japan and France. Japan is the first country to use fast trains. Construction of the Tokaido Shinkansen High Speed Line between Tokyo and Osaka for the first time at 1959
It was started. The opening of the Shinkansen line in 1964 is the world's busiest high-speed train line. The 210 km journey at 4 km / h speed at 553 hour, when the line is first opened, takes 270 hours with 2,5 km / h speed. 30 30 trains transport 44 million passengers a year on this high-speed train line. Shinkansen carries more passengers than any other high-speed train lines in the world, including other lines in Japan. Japan continues to be the first in high-speed train. In just a few millimeters above the track in 2452, the Maglev, which is not directly contactless with the track, reaches a speed of 305 per hour and sets a new world record in this field.
Tgv - Sncf France followed France. The idea of the fast train in France (TGV, très grande vitesse- high Speed Train) emerged with the construction of the Japanese Shinkansen line. French State Railways, which renew the existing railway line and manufacture lighter private wagons, reached an average of 1967 kilometers per hour in 253 and 1972 in 318. TGV, 1981 was opened in September between Paris and Lyon. TGV was very fast compared to normal trains and cars.
Trains quickly gained popularity. Later on, new high-speed train lines were opened in many parts of France. The Eurostar service, which started at 1994, tied its continental Europe to London via the Channel tunnel. This line has been manufactured in accordance with TGV tunneling. Fast trains from London to Paris take 2 hours to 15 hours. Between London and Brussels, only 1 hours can be received in 51 minutes.
After the Japanese Shinkansen, TGV went down in history as the world's second commercial high-speed train line. High-speed trains are used today in France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, England and Italy, as well as in Japan, China and South Korea.
China, which is located at the end of the general ranking until 2007, aims to be the biggest speed train line in the world after the completion of the line of 832 km which is under construction with 3404 km line opened between various cities.
In addition, the construction of high-speed train lines in the Netherlands and Switzerland continues, while in some countries new high speed train lines are planned.
Source : http://www.demiryolu.net